Who Killed John Bass Jones?–Part 2: The Odyssey of Mrs. Ady

 

Myra Maybelle Shirley--a/k/a Belle Starr--the way she looked when she lived in Carthage, Missouri. From my photo collection. Original source unknown.

Myra Maybelle Shirley–a/k/a Belle Starr–the way she looked when she lived in Carthage, Missouri. From my photo collection. Original source unknown.

Of the cast of characters emerging from the 1880 John Bass Jones grand jury murder investigation in Jasper Co., Missouri, one person stands out as an interesting question mark, inviting further examination. As I read through the Carthage Banner story appearing in Part 1 of this article, I wondered about Mrs. Ady and the extent of her involvement in the matter. Judging from the newspaper article, Mrs. Ady changed her testimony considerably between the time of the coroner’s inquest in 1867 and the grand jury investigation in 1880. Not only did her testimony change drastically, but her name appears in several households in the area throughout the period. After piecing the sections of her testimony together and comparing her testimony with available marriage, census, tax and death records, I finally came up with an answer to the question Who was Mrs. Ady?

Elizabeth A. Foster was born in November 1840 to Jarrett Foster (1795/1800-aft. 1875) and Dorcas Moseley (1803-aft. Aug. 8, 1865) in Bradley Co., Tennessee. She was born with a pedigree chart extending back to the Kings and Queens of England, with elements of Scarlet O’Hara (Gone With the Wind), Ashton Maine Huntoon (The North and the South), and Kate Trask (East of Eden) in her character. Her parents were born in South Carolina and lived in Union County. The family also had ties extending back to Goochland Co., Virginia, inhabited by the Spencer, Toney and Jones families, whose descendants later settled in Jasper Co., Missouri.

According to the Cunningham/Webster Family Tree on Ancestry.com, Jarrett and Dorcas Foster had the following children:

John Foster, (b. 1823, South Carolina; m. Jane [Surname Unknown] Feb. 9, 1860, Jasper Co., Missouri; d. aft. 1870, Jasper Co., Missouri.) A boy with an unknown name (b. 1825, South Carolina). Lucinda Foster (b. 1828, Tennessee). [No additional information.] Sarah Foster (b. 1830, Tennessee). [No additional information.] Martha Foster (b. 1836, Tennessee). [No additional information.] Elizabeth Foster (b. 1839/40, Tennessee). [Subject of this article]. Andrew J. Foster (b. Feb. 15, 1842, East Tennessee; m. Anna C. 1873; d. 1928, State Soldiers Home, Orting, Washington). Francis Marion Foster (b. Jan. 1846, Arkansas; m. Emily Jane Coffelt Aug. 5, 1866, Jasper Co., Missouri; d. February 7, 1928, Joplin, Missouri.)[1].

In 1850, the Jarrett Foster family appears in Jackson Tp., District 41, Jasper Co., Missouri, according to the census record for that year. The listing shows:

Jarrett Foster, age 55, engaged in farming, b. South Carolina Dorcas Foster, age 49, b. South Carolina (person over 20 unable to read or write) Lucinda J. Foster, age 22, b. Tennessee (reading/writing column left blank) Sarah Foster, age 20, b. Tennessee (attending school) Martha E. Foster, age 14, b. Tennessee (attending school) Elizabeth Foster, age 10, b. Tennessee (attending school) Andrew J. Foster, age 8, b. Tennessee (attending school) Francis M. Foster, age 4, b. Tennessee[2].

The 1850 Census also shows another family residing in District 41–a primarily rural area–listed as follows:

John Shirley, age 54, engaged in farming, b. Virginia Eliza Shirley, age 49, b. Virginia; Charlotte A. Shirley, age 12, b. Indiana; John A. M. Shirley, age 8, b. Missouri; Myra Shirley, age 2, b. Missouri; Benton Shirley, age 9 mos., b. Missouri[3].

Myra Maybelle Shirley grew up to become the Bandit Queen– Belle Starr.

John Shirley has often been labeled the “black sheep” of the family who eventually moved to Indiana and married and divorced twice in that state. His third wife, Eliza Pennington-sometimes referred to as Eliza Hatfield-came from the Hatfield-McCoy vendetta in West Virginia and Kentucky. They were married May 29, 1837 in Green Tp., Grant Co., Indiana. According to the Walters Family Tree at Ancestry.com, John Shirley’s oldest son was Preston Raymond Shirley, and he was born to John and his first wife, Nancy Fowler. John and his first wife were married April 6, 1818 in Clark Co., Indiana. John’s second wife was Fannie, whom he married in 1829. Preston married Mary A. Chelson on May 26, 1847, Jasper Co., Missouri and appears on the 1850 Census in a separate household in District 41[4].

Undoubtedly, the two families knew each other. The Foster and Shirley parents were in the same age group and came from the same region of the country. Martha and Elizabeth Foster may have associated with Charlotte Shirley and probably with Myra Maybelle as well. Despite John Shirley’s tendency toward the wild side, the Shirley line in Virginia extends back to some of the finest families in the region. Shirley and Foster ancestors intermarried over the years, so the girls were possibly distant cousins.

Fortune changed for the John Shirley family. In 1856, Shirley sold his farm and moved into the town of Carthage, the county seat of Jasper County, where he built an inn, tavern, livery stable and a blacksmith shop-an enterprise that took up a whole city block! This tavern eventually became a rendezvous for a number of Missouri outlaws including the James brothers, the Younger brothers, and others. Needless to say, the Shirleys  became quite wealthy and spoiled their daughter, Myra, with all the material things that money could buy[5]. According to American Legends: Old West Legends-Belle Starr-The Bandit Queen:

At first, Myra Belle lived the life of a spoiled, rich girl, attending the Carthage Female Academy, where in addition to the basics, she was taught music and classical languages. She was a bright student, with polite manners, and a talent for playing the piano. However, she also liked to flaunt her status a “rich girl” and liked having an audience. She also loved the outdoors, where she spent many a day roaming the countryside with her older brother Bud, who taught her how to ride a horse and handle a gun [6].

I remember reading an old newspaper account about Belle Starr years ago in The Cedar Rapids Gazette stating that the outlaws and bushwhackers who later frequented her father’s establishment taught her how to curse and swear! I may still have that article in an old scrapbook.

Elizabeth Foster no doubt witnessed young Myra’s activities. Quite possibly, she developed a feeling of envy.  Glamor, danger, and excitement appealed to young Elizabeth. And Myra Maybelle Shirley definitely had all of those “qualities.”

The balance of the 1850s passed quietly for these people. Then came the 1860s.

The 1860 Census for Jasper Co., Missouri shows the Jarrett Foster family still residing in Marion Tp., Jasper Co., Missouri (located north of Carthage), but with fewer members: 60 year-old Jarrett Foster; 57 year-old Dorcas; 19 year-old Elizabeth; 18 year-old Andrew J.; and, 14 year-old Francis M. The other children are gone, whether through marriage or death. The listing for the John Shirley family shows 66 year-old John Shirley; 45 year-old Eliza; 18 year-old Allison; 12 year-old Myra; 11 year-old Edwin; 8 year-old Mansfield; and, 2 year-old Cravens. The John Shirley Census record is dated June 28, 1860 while the Jarrett Foster Census record is dated July 3, 1860. But these two census records aren’t the only important records for 1860. 1860 was a banner year for marriages in the Foster family[7].

The 1860 Marriage Record Book for Jasper County shows the following:

John Foster to Julia Ann Coffelt. [The date is unreadable. This would be a second marriage for John’s wife since they are shown on the 1860 Census in the town of Jasper, Jasper Co., Missouri with a blended family of Fosters and Coffelts.]

Jeremiah Foster to Sarah Jane Keith. April 13, 1860. [As yet I do not know the relationship between Jeremiah Foster and Jarrett Foster.

Elizabeth Foster to John D. Jones December 20, 1860[8]

Thus began a new chapter in the life of Elizabeth Foster Jones.

A son of Lewis Jones and Milly Catherine Spence Jones, John David Jones was born in 1827 in Davidson Co., Tennessee. John David Jones and John Bass Jones were first cousins [See Part 1 of this article.] The Lewis Jones Family and the Daniel Spence Family left Tennessee for Jasper Co., Missouri in 1836. Daniel’s oldest brother, Samuel, followed them there the following year in 1837. In 1840, Samuel and Elizabeth Inman Spence donated land for the first church building in Southwest Missouri. Located at Moss Springs, the land became the location of the Freedom Baptist Church and a cemetery called Moss Springs. The church was organized in May 1840 and operated until it was disbanded in 1880. While the old church building was torn down in the late 1800s, the cemetery still exists and is currently well maintained.

Members and builders of the church in 1840 included Elder Greenville Spencer (1840-1853); Jetson M. Keith (Clerk) (1848); Samuel and Elizabeth Spence (donated land for the church); Daniel Spence, Woodson Angel, William Clow, Jeremiah Gilstrap, Jacob Hammer, Ephraim Jenkins, James Jones, John Jones, Lewis Jones, Captain Nelson Knight, Joseph Schultz, and William H. Farmer[9]

John Jones, who is listed on this monument, was the father of John Bass Jones. James Jones and Lewis Jones–the husband of Milly Catherine Spence–were brothers.

Lewis Jones died in September 1849 and his son, John David Jones, became head of the family. The Jones farm was located in District 41 (where the Fosters and Shirleys lived.) The Fosters and Shirleys were still living there in 1850 when the John D. Jones family appeared on the 1850 census in District 41 for Jasper County, as follows:

John D. Jones, age 22, born in Tennessee Milly Jones, age 48, born in North Carolina. (She was the widow of Lewis Jones and mother of John.) Nancy J, age 18, born in Tennessee. (Milly’s daughter and John D.’s sister) James R., age 15, born in Tennessee. (Milly’s son and John D.’s brother).

[Milly Spence Jones was a person over 20 who could not read or write. The others were able to do so][10].

By 1860, the family appears as follows:

Milly Jones, age 58 John D. Jones, age 31 James R. Jones, age 25 John L. Jones, age 14, b. Missouri George W. Jones, age 12, b. Missouri Laurlin Jones, age 7, b. Missouri Daniel Gill, age 19, b. Tennessee Norris F. Hood, age 28, b. Tennessee Nancy J. Hood, age 28, b. Tennessee Laura E. Hood, age 3, b. Missouri Alice A. Hood, age 3, b. Missouri Charles A. Hood, age 1, b. Missouri[11].

Milly Jones’ house became a sea of activity. Her daughter, Nancy, married Norris F. Hood, and the Hood children were theirs. Daniel Gill was a son of Michael and Rhoda Spence Gill (Rhoda was Milly’s sister). John L. Jones (age 14), George W. Jones (age 12), and Lurlin Jones (age 7), all born in Missouri, came from one of the Jones families in the area, but as yet, I haven’t identified that family. John D. Jones and Elizabeth Foster married December 20, 1860, and one more person entered the household. Then the Civil War erupted the following year, rendering a permanent impact on the lives of these people.

The Battle of Carthage was fought July 5, 1861 on a field nine to ten miles north of Carthage. Often labeled the first land battle of the Civil War, the fight ended in a victory for the South. According to the National Park Service:

“Brig. Gen. Nathaniel Lyon had chased Governor Claiborne Jackson and approximately 4,000 State Militia from the State Capital at Jefferson City and from Boonville, and pursued them. Col. Franz Sigel led another force of about 1,000 into southwest Missouri in search of the governor and his loyal troops.

“Upon learning that Sigel had encamped at Carthage, on the night of July 4, Jackson took command of the troops with him and formulated a plan to attack the much smaller Union force. The next morning, Jackson closed up to Sigel, established a battle line on a ridge ten miles north of Carthage, and induced Sigel to attack him.

“Opening with artillery fire, Sigel closed to the attack. Seeing a large Confederate force-actually unarmed recruits-moving into the woods on his left, he feared that they would turn his flank. He withdrew. The Confederates pursued, but Sigel conducted a successful rearguard action.

“By evening, Sigel was inside Carthage and under cover of darkness; he retreated to Sarcoxie. The battle had little meaning, but the pro-Southern elements in Missouri, anxious for any good news, championed their first victory.” Location of the Battle: Jasper County, Missouri

Purpose of Campaign: Operations to Control Missouri during 1861

Date of the battle: July 5, 1861

Principal Commanders: Col. Franz Sigel [US] Governor Claiborne Jackson [CSA]

Forces Engaged: Brigade [US] Missouri State Guard divisions [CSA]

Estimated Casualties: 244 total (US 44; CSA 200) (From the Awesome Stories Website)[12].

The Battle of Wilson’s Creek occurred the following month on August 10, 1861:

Brig. Gen. Nathaniel Lyon’s Army of the West was camped at Springfield, Missouri, with Confederate troops under the commands of Brig. Gen. Benjamin McCulloch approaching. On August 9, both sides formulated plans to attack the other. At about 5:00 a.m. on August 10, Lyon, in two columns commanded by himself and Col. Franz Sigel, attacked the Confederates on Wilson’s Creek about 12 miles (19 km) southwest of Springfield. Rebel cavalry received the first blow and fell back away from Bloody Hill. Confederate forces soon rushed up and stabilized their positions.

The Confederates attacked the Union forces three times that day but failed to break through the Union line. When General Lyon was killed during the battle and General Sweeny wounded, Major Samuel D. Sturgis assumed command. Meanwhile, the Confederates had routed Sigel’s column, south of Skegg’s Branch. Following the third Confederate attack, which ended at 11:00 a.m., the Confederates withdrew. Sturgis realized, however, that his men were exhausted and his ammunition was low, so he ordered a retreat to Springfield. The Confederates were too disorganized and ill-equipped to pursue. This Confederate victory buoyed southern sympathizers in Missouri and served as a springboard for a bold thrust north that carried Price and his Missouri State Guard as far as Lexington. In late October, a rump convention, convened by Governor Claiborne Fox Jackson, met in Neosho and passed out an ordinance of secession. Wilson’s Creek, the most significant 1861 battle in Missouri, gave the Confederates control of southwestern Missouri. (From CWSAC Battle Summaries Website, The American Battlefield Protection Program, Heritage Preservation Services, Available online at http://www.cr.nps.gov/hps/abpp/battles/mo004.htm[13].

Frank James, the brother of Jesse James, fought at Wilson’s Creek, and returned home to Clay County as the “conquering hero.” Young Jesse must have greeted him with a feeling of pride and envy. However, Frank’s victory was short-lived the following spring at the Battle of Pea Ridge in Arkansas. The Wikipedia site notes:

The Battle of Pea Ridge (also known as Elkhorn Tavern) was a land battle of the American Civil War, fought on March 6-8, 1862, at Pea Ridge in northwest Arkansas, near Garfield. In the battle, Union forces led by Brig. Gen. Samuel R. Curtis defeated Confederate troops under Maj. Gen. Earl Van Dorn. The outcome of the battle essentially cemented Union control of Missouri. The battle was one of the few during the war in which a Confederate army outnumbered its Union opponent[14].

Frank James was sick with the measles in Springfield, Missouri, where he was taken prisoner by the Union Army. At that stage in the war, both sides waited until they had a certain number of prisoners. Then they would exchange them. Frank James signed a promise not to fight any more. Perhaps he had his fingers crossed.

The people of Jasper Co., Missouri were caught up in the middle of the conflict, and feelings ran high. Families were divided in their allegiances. Bushwhacker activity was high in the area, targeting their attacks on Union sympathizers. There are many unmarked graves in the Moss Springs Cemetery of people who were killed during this time-a practice followed to keep enemies from digging up the graves and dumping bodies on top of the ground, or hauling them off to let them rot in a field.  Western Missouri was a scene of constant conflict during the Civil War. Highway 71, which runs north and south from Kansas City through Carthage to the Arkansas border, saw constant movement of Confederate troops while Highway 69 on the Kansas side-running north and south between Kansas City, Kansas and Fort Scott, Kansas down to the Oklahoma border–witnessed similar activity involving Union troops. John Shirley’s hotel in Carthage became a gathering point for Quantrill’s men. Shirley’s association with Clay County personalities dated back to the early 1850s when his name appeared on a deed in a land transaction involving Harry W. Younger (Henry [Harry] Washington Younger)-the father of Cole Younger-for 160 acres of land in Jasper County[15]. Shirley was Younger’s assignee in that transaction, which was dated June 1, 1850. In addition, John Shirley’s son, John (“Bud”) Alexander Shirley, and his future son-in-law James C. Reed both served with Quantrill. Bud was a captain in the outfit. Myra Maybelle Shirley (the future Belle Starr) assisted Quantrill by informing the guerillas of Union troop movements. The Shirley family was closely tied to the James and Younger families of Clay County. The Reed family lived in Bates and Vernon Counties, north of Jasper County.

The Quantrill raid and massacre at Lawrence, Kansas occurred August 21, 1863. Four days later, Order No. 11 was issued by Gen. Thomas Ewing on August 25. This order impacted the lives of southern sympathizers in four western Missouri counties: Bates, Cass, Jackson and Vernon. The Order mandated that all non-Union sympathizers be expelled from the county and ordered their homes burned. Many innocent people who were not involved in guerilla activities were impacted by this order. In addition, many of the enforcers were Kansas volunteers who were not especially fond of Missourians. Expelling pro-Southerners from the four counties greatly impacted neighboring counties and other areas throughout the region. And violence continued.

In 1864, the John Shirley family fled to Sycene, Texas shortly before Carthage was burned, a fire that destroyed his enterprise. John Shirley’s guerilla-fighting son “Bud” was killed in Sarcoxie that same year [16].

The Samuel Spence family was divided during the Civil War. Some pro-Union members of the family relocated to safer areas in Kansas for the duration of the war (Lazarus Spence and William David Spence–my second great-grandfather, for example). The pro-Southern side of the family split into two groups. The earliest group to leave Missouri settled in Benton Co., Arkansas while the rest of the family remained in Jasper County until they were no longer safe there. Then they fled to Grayson Co., Texas. Some of them remained in Grayson County, while others eventually relocated to Washington Co., Arkansas. One of Samuel’s sons, Newton Jasper Spence (1841-1882), fought with the Confederate Army at Helena, Arkansas, where he was wounded and taken prisoner. He was placed in Alton Prison in Illinois, and was later transferred to Fort Delaware. When he was finally paroled at the end of the war, he did not return to Jasper County. His life was in danger there. So he settled in Oklahoma, married and raised his family there[17].

The John David Jones family appears to have remained in Jasper County as long as they could. John and Elizabeth’s first child-a son-Thomas A. Jones-was born in 1862. A daughter-Hettie-was born in 1864. William H. Jones was born in 1866. 1880 Census records indicate that all three of these children were born in Missouri. In all likelihood, the family was largely pro-Southern, although they didn’t engage in guerilla activities. If they were forced to leave, they would have relocated to Benton Co., Arkansas (where a number of John’s Joneses had already settled).

By August 8, 1865, Jarrett Foster was living in Marmaton, Bourbon Co., Kansas with his wife Dorcas and their two sons: A. J. Foster (age 23), who served in the 2nd Kansas Battery, and Marion Foster (age 19), where they appear on the tax records. Jarrett Foster’s family is next shown on the 1870 Census for Westralia, Montgomery Co., Kansas, where G. Foster (age 73), D. Foster (age 67), A. J. Foster (age 27), A. Price (age 15), and W. H. Evilsizer (age 19) appear. Dorcas’s name does not appear on the 1875 tax record for Cherokee Tp., Montgomery Co., Kansas, so she would have died between 1870 and 1875. F. M. Foster (age 27), E. J. Foster (age 29), James ?? (age 7) appear on the record with 79-year old Jarrett. Jarrett Foster died between 1875 and 1880[18],[19]

The John David Jones family members were all at home the Spring of 1867 when John Bass Jones arrived in Jasper County and stayed with them. John Bass Jones was shot and killed early in the morning of April 17-a case that is still a mystery. Family members all participated in the coroner’s inquest in 1867, but no charges were filed at that time. There was not enough evidence to charge anyone. The Joneses remained in Jasper County and then on September 28, 1870, John David Jones died. He is buried in the Moss Springs Cemetery in the same row with John Bass Jones.

The prospects for a widow in the late nineteenth century were few and far between. Elizabeth Foster Jones was 29 years old when her husband died. She was also pregnant with their fourth child. John Charles Jones was born January 27, 1871 in Fidelity, Jasper Co., Missouri.

Elizabeth probably took stock of her life and her options during this period of time. She did not look forward to staying on the farm with a house full of in-laws. And there had to be more excitement in life than cleaning, cooking, and having babies. At some point, she made the determination to leave her children with her mother-in-law and visit her family in Kansas for a while. No doubt she told the Joneses that she might be gone for a month or two. She needed to get away for a while. So she left Jasper County and joined her family in Westralia, Montgomery Co., Kansas.

Undoubtedly, she was at a low point when she arrived in Kansas. But her family members no doubt cheered her up with stories. After all, she once knew so many people! Whatever happened to them? That’s when Belle Shirley’s name came up in the conversation with the year 1866 as a starting point. “1866?” Elizabeth must have wondered. “That was the year before John Bass Jones was murdered!”

In 1866, the James-Younger Gang is credited with robbing the bank in Liberty, Missouri. Jesse and Frank James and the Younger boys fled to Texas, where they met up with the Shirley family once again. On November 1, 1866, Belle married James C. Reed, her old flame from Missouri. A picture has recently surfaced on the internet from that wedding. [Stories about her love affair with Cole Younger are exaggerated.] Those in attendance included Jesse and Frank James (and their little half-brother, Perry Samuel), Confederate General Joseph Shelby, John Newman Edwards (the newspaper man who promoted the James Gang), Archie Clement, Jim Younger, William Gregg, and John “King” Fisher[20]. At the time of their marriage, Jim Reed had not committed any acts that would classify him as an outlaw-something that appealed to Belle’s family. By 1867, Jim and Belle Shirley Reed were living on the Reed farm in Missouri. According to the American Legends website:

“But, when the two moved to Missouri, Reed was a wanted man, allegedly for murdering a man named Shannon. The two fled to California with their young daughter Pearl and before long a second child came along who they named Edward. In 1869 Belle, Reed and two other outlaws rode to the North Canadian river country, where they tortured an old Creek Indian until he told them where he had hidden $30,000 in gold. With their share of the loot, Jim and Belle returned to Texas, where she played the role of “Bandit Queen” to the hilt”[21].

When Elizabeth began hearing stories concerning the activities of her childhood acquaintance, she no doubt fantasized about those stories. Belle was leading a dangerous lifestyle but to Elizabeth, that lifestyle was more preferable to her own allotment in life.

In her testimony given at the 1880 grand jury investigation into the death of John Bass Jones, Elizabeth Ady claims to have married William Spencer after the death of her husband, John David Jones -then “dumped” him and went to Galena, Kansas, where she lived on Red Hot Street, where she supposedly met A. J. Ady. I have yet to find a license for her marriage to either A. J. Ady or to William Spencer, so I don’t know where or exactly when they were married. And the town of Galena, Kansas did not “boom” until lead was discovered there in 1877. A problem exists with the timeline of her testimony. After piecing together census records, tax records and the births of her children, I may have found some of the answers.

Elizabeth no doubt divided her time between Jasper Co., Missouri-where her children were staying– and Montgomery Co., Kansas-where her family members lived. By 1873, she met A. J. Ady in Kansas. How or where is open to speculation.

According to the 1850 Census for Geneva, Jennings, Indiana, Andrew J. Ady was born in Ohio about 1842 to Loyd and Elizabeth M. Ady. The household includes: Loyd Ady (age 38); Elizabeth M. Ady (age 30); Loyd L. D. Ady (age 10); Andrew J. Ady (age 8); Nancy A. Ady (age 6); Isaac S. B. Ady (age 3); Lucinda Ady (age 1); Lovina C. Fola (age 19); Samuel Fola (age 3); William H. Fola (age 1) [22].

In 1862, Andrew J. Ady (spelled Adye) appears on the tax list for District 2, Bridgeport, Indiana as a retail liquor dealer. By 1865, he was in Clarke Tp., in District 2, Indiana, where he is listed as a retail dealer, and he is taxed for a carriage, a gold watch, and he is also taxed for his income[23]. In 1866, he is listed in Adyville, Indiana and is taxed as a retail dealer who has a carriage and a gold watch. In December 1866, he had moved to Illinois, where he was taxed for keeping a stallion. He next appears on the March 1, 1875 tax records for Wild Cat, Howard Co., Kansas with a wife and a daughter. When analyzed, this record becomes quite interesting and invites further speculation[24].

Andrew Ady no doubt arrived in Kansas as a whisky drummer. If Elizabeth Foster Jones was really looking for a life style similar to that of her old acquaintance (Belle Shirley), she may have started seeking companionship in nearby towns. She kept a low profile as she didn’t want to alert her family to her new enterprise. A flashy drummer with a line of gab, a stylish carriage, a stallion and a gold watch would have captured her interest almost immediately. I doubt there was much of a courtship. She would have married him immediately and sent word back to Missouri that she had remarried. No doubt she planned to return for her children as soon as possible. In all likelihood, she did not tell A.J. about the children from her first marriage.

Before she knew it, she was expecting. A. J. settled down in Howard County to become a farmer-something Elizabeth didn’t plan on or like. Their daughter (whose name is known only by the initials M.E.) was born in 1874 and was one year old by the 1875 tax record. Elizabeth appears to have been creative with her information on that tax record. It’s possible that she never used her real name with A.J. She knew that he had lived in Indiana, so she gave Decatur Co., Indiana as her place of birth. (She really didn’t want to advertise the fact that she was born in Tennessee while living in Kansas!) She also made herself 10 years younger when giving her age, claiming to have been born about 1853. And she is listed only as Mrs. A. J. Ady. The other females on the page list a regular full first name, or else they use their own initials [25].

The little daughter whose name is only listed as M.E. must have died within the year. She is not listed after that record. And in 1875, Elizabeth discovered that she was pregnant again. I doubt she shared this news with her husband. She was not happy living on the farm with A. J. Ady, and she wanted to return to Missouri where her children were living. She knew that Milly Catherine Spence Jones was aging, and she felt a desperate need to get back there. She managed to slip away at the first opportune moment and may have obtained her brother’s help in returning to Missouri.

Her son, Earl E. Jones, was born in 1875 or 1876, probably after her return to Missouri. I can only imagine the story that she told the Jasper County people-that she had married a man named Jones in Kansas, and that he had died or disappeared. She did not share the Ady name with the Jasper County people at that time. But she was identified as Mrs. A. J. Ady during the April 1880 Grand Jury investigation. A Mr. Ady supposedly accompanied her from Kansas. She may have returned to Kansas, reunited with A. J. Ady, and then returned to Missouri with him for the hearing. After the hearing was over, she left him again for good and returned to Missouri. And there is another possibility: she may have been living with another man who returned to Missouri with her, posing as A. J. Ady!

Meanwhile, back in Kansas, Andrew J. Ady had no idea what happened to his wife on either occasion. After the second time, he finally gave up looking for her. By 1885, he is shown on the tax list for Boulder Co., Colorado-single-where he is listed as a miner. But he later remarried[26] By 1895, he appears on the tax list for Richland Tp., Gray Co., Kansas. His wife Amelia was from Germany[27] The family appears on the 1900 Census for Hess Tp., Gray Co., Kansas (located in southwest Kansas) as follows: Andrew J. Ady (spelled Aday) (b. April 1842, Ohio); Amelia M. (b. October 1860, Germany); Esther H. (b. July 1891, Kansas); Lafayette J. (b. Dec. 1893, Kansas); Cora B. (b. April 1898, Kansas); Dora A. (b. April 1898, Kansas) [28]. Andrew J. Ady died between that 1900 Census and the 1920 Census, probably in Whatcom County, Washington. Amelia last appears on the 1920 census for Whatcom Co., Washington as a widow living with Esther and Lafayette[29].

Milly Catherine Spence Jones died either shortly before or shortly after Elizabeth’s first return to Jasper County. I have found two dates of death for her. One is November 30, 1875. The other is March 1876. Either way, Elizabeth arrived just in time to reclaim her children from her first marriage[30][31].

She wasn’t in Jasper County for very long before realizing that she was in another predicament. She now had five children and no place where any of them could live. That’s when she turned her attention to William Spencer.

William Spencer had been living in Jasper Co., Missouri since the 1840s. Elizabeth would have remembered him from childhood. By 1875/1876, she was ready to settle down for a while and become reacquainted with her children. More than anything else, however, she wanted a new last name. She probably used the Jones name when she returned to Jasper County. She didn’t dare use the Ady name for fear A.J. Ady would find her. And she decided that Spencer would suit her just fine. After all, Spencer was a fine old name.

William Spencer was born May 4, 1817 in Hardin Co., Kentucky to Sharp Spencer (1770-1834) and Jenny Trigger Crady (1790-1844). His grandparents were John Spencer (1732-1789) and Rosanna Graves/Greaves (1735-1782). This is the same Graves/Greaves line I am descended from. Rosanna Graves/Greaves is my 1st cousin 7xs removed. Her father was Thomas Greaves/Graves (1691-1767), and her grandfather was John Greaves/Graves, Sr. (1665-1747)–my 7th great-grandfather. I descend from him through his daughter, Elizabeth Greaves (1707-1755)  and her husband James Spence (1702-1753)–my sixth great-grandparents!. So that explains the cousin relationship between the Jasper County, Missouri Spences and William Spencer! In addition, there is a connection between this Spencer line with John Spencer (b. 1788) and his second wife Rachel Key (b. 1805). Rachel was the sister of Lucy Key–Adeline Elizabeth Bryant Spence’s mother–and John Spencer was the half brother of William Spencer, under discussion here!. John was the son of Sharp Spencer and his first wife Martha Elizabeth Crenshaw (1772-1809). As yet, I haven’t determined how this Spencer line connects with mine through Elisha Spence’s first wife Susanna Spencer. That is something I’m still working on. But according to the Ancestry calculator, William Spencer is my 3rd cousin 5xs removed on the Greaves line!

On September 7, 1835, William Spencer married Jane Angel in Putnam Co., Indiana. (Her brother, Woodson Angel, was an original member of the Freedom Baptist Church at Moss Springs Cemetery, Jasper Co., Missouri. His name appears on the monument at the cemetery entrance.) Jane Angel was born September 3, 1811 in Virginia to John Angel (1770-1850) and Isabella Truelove (1770-1850). The children of William Spencer and Jane Angel follow:

James Harvey Spencer 1832 – 1921 Mary Catherine SPENCER 1837 – 1912 Dorcas Tabitha Spencer 1841 – 1918 John M SPENCER 1841 – John Norris Spencer 1843 – Minerva J Spencer 1844 – William D SPENCER 1845 – Millie Emoline Spencer 1851 – 1916 Ananias SPENCER 1855 – 1936 [33].

William and Jane appear on the 1850 Census for Sarcoxie, Jasper Co., Missouri[34]. Pro-Union in sympathy, they were forced to leave Jasper County and appear on the May 5, 1865 Census for Mound City, Linn Co., Kansas, about 59 miles from Kansas City[35]. They returned to Jasper County after the war and on November 10, 1870, Jane Angel Spencer died. She is buried in the Moss Springs Cemetery. In 1876, William and Elizabeth were married. Their son William Hayes Spencer was born in 1877[36]. And after their son was born Elizabeth acquired the roving eye once again and started thinking about her options.

She did not want to stay married to William Spencer and have any more children by him. She left the Spencer baby with William and taking her own children from her first and second marriages, she probably headed for her brother’s house in Kansas. Francis Marion Foster was living in Cherokee, Montgomery Co., Kansas in 1875 but by 1880, he was in Coffeyville, Montgomery Co., Kansas[37]. William Spencer’s daughter, Milly E. Spencer, was in William’s household, along with a hired girl by the name of Lillie F. Slavens in 1880[38].

The Elizabeth Foster Jones Ady Spencer saga becomes really strange at this point, as can be seen in the 1880 Census for Jasper Co., Missouri. Two census records exist:

Union Tp, Jasper County, Missouri, June 22 and 23, 1880:

William Spencer (age 62) Elizabeth (age 39) [William’s wife] William Hayes (age 3) Lilly F. Slavens (age 16)-the hired servant Milly E. Spencer (age 27)-William’s daughter 2 Baby Spencer Girls (1 month old)-William and Elizabeth are designated the parents[39].

Elizabeth is described as debilitated and unable to leave her bed. She is supposed to have dysentery (called “flux” on the record). Not only that, the person giving the information knew very little about Elizabeth. According to the census record, Elizabeth was born in Indiana–she was actually born in Tennessee. The census record indicates Elizabeth’s parents were born in North Carolina. Both of Elizabeth’s parents were born in South Carolina. I don’t believe Elizabeth was in the house at all, based on the second record.

The second record is for Elizabeth Ady in the City of Carthage, Jasper County, Missouri June 14, 1880:

Elizabeth Ady (age 39) Thomas A. Jones (age 18)-son Hettie D. Jones (age 16)-daughter William H. Jones (age 13)-son John C. Jones (age 8)-son Earl E. Jones (age 5)-son[40].

Her next door neighbor is Edward S. Pike, the deputy sheriff referred to in the newspaper account of the grand jury investigation. (See Part 1 of this article). J. B. Buchanan also appears on the same street.

Another curiosity about this situation centers around the two unnamed one-month-old twin baby girl Spencers in William Spencer’s household on the 1880 Census. They would have been born in May. The grand jury investigation was the month before that in early April. If Elizabeth had been the mother, she would have been pregnant when she testified before the grand jury. If they were her babies, then she had them delivered to William Spencer after they were born. She was already living in Carthage in early April and not at William Spencer’s farm. Perhaps they had an agreement between them. He would provide her with a house in town if she would give him the child after it was born and trouble him no further. (They probably didn’t know that two children were expected.) She appears to have gladly given them up. William Hayes Spencer (who was 3 years old in 1880) also stayed with William. I think she also agreed not to use the Spencer name. And perhaps the Jones family did not want her using their name either. So, she became Elizabeth Ady once again. Sources in Kansas may have informed her that A.J. Ady had left for Colorado and was no longer in the area.

William Spencer died December 23, 1888 in Jasper Co., Missouri and is buried next to his first wife, Jane Angel Spencer, in the Moss Springs Cemetery. The charges against him and the other men in the John Bass Jones murder were never filed because of the lack of evidence against them.

I do not know what happened to his daughter, Milly E. Spencer, who was taking care of the young children, or to the young children. The two infants may not have survived. William Hayes Spencer may have grown to maturity, but I don’t think he remained in the Jasper County area. And true to Elizabeth’s nature, she did not remain Elizabeth Ady very long.

According to the 1850 Census for Brandon Tp, Rensselaer Co., New York, William Beman was the son of Martin Beman (b. 1810, Vermont) and his wife Laura (b. 1813, Vermont). William appears on that census at age 20, and he is listed as a laborer. He also has a 16 year-old sister named Laura. Both William and his sister were born in New York [41].

By 1860, William resided in Wisconsin, where he appears on the 1860 Census for Farmington, Jefferson County, Wisconsin with a 22 year-old-wife named Mary. William is described as a railroad laborer. A Conner family resides with them, whose head, Migane Conner, also works for the railroad[42].

The Bemans next appear on the 1870 census for Washington, Daviess Co., Indiana, where William appears as a “roade master.” (He worked for the railroad.) His wife Mary, is still listed with him. William and Mary Beman do not have any children[43].

Finally, William Beman and his wife Mary appear on the 1880 Census for Boonville, Cooper Co., Missouri, where William is listed as a railroad track repairer[44]. Mary must have died by 1885, and William moved over to Jasper County, where he settled in Carl Junction, a town that is west of Carthage. And that’s where he met Elizabeth Foster Jones Spencer Ady.

By 1885, Elizabeth must have taken stock of herself once again. Many of the people she admired were now gone. Jesse James was killed in 1882. The Youngers were in prison. Frank James was “retired.” Her old childhood acquaintance, Belle Shirley (Belle Starr) had made quite a name for herself. In August 1874, her husband Jim Reed had been killed in a gunfight. Belle then took on a series of lovers beginning with Blue Duck and then marrying Sam Starr. By 1882, Belle Starr was celebrated as Queen of the Bandits by the popular press. She was caught trying to steal a neighbor’s horse. Judge Isaac Parker (the hanging judge) sentenced her to two consecutive six month terms in prison and her husband to one year in prison. After their release, the Starrs returned to Younger’s Bend in Arkansas, where they continued their rustling and bootlegging activities. [Sam Starr was eventually killed in a gunfight in 1886.] Belle then married Jim July–a marriage full of discord. She would eventually be killed when an unknown assailant shot her off her horse on February 3, 1889. Belle Starr died at the age of 41.][45]. I remember reading that after her death, her daughter Pearl had her buried with all her gold inside her coffin. Grave robbers knew that story, broke into the coffin and stole all the gold! (Doubt Belle would have had use for it by then!)

After establishing herself in Carthage, Elizabeth was probably seeking less excitement and more stability. At the same time, she didn’t want to marry another farmer. She liked city life and had no desire to move back to the country. Her children were growing up and more than anything else, she did not want to live alone. And that’s when she met William Beman.

Apparently, he was exactly the man she was seeking. He had the same gift of gab that attracted her originally to Andrew J. Ady and no ambitions for farming whatsoever-or so she thought! William had lived many places and experienced many things, and his stories could entertain her for hours. They were married August 11, 1886 in Carthage, Jasper Co., Missouri[46]. The 1900 Census finds them in Twin Grove, Jasper Co., Missouri, where William is listed as a farmer! The census record indicates that he was born in August 1829 in New York and that Elizabeth was born in November 1840 in Tennessee[47].

Elizabeth’s 16-year-old-grandson, Earl Jones, (who was born September 1883 in Missouri) was living with them in 1900. His parents were Thomas A. and Nancy Jones (Elizabeth’s oldest son). Thomas and Nancy were married May 7, 1881, although he seems to have had two marriages. His second wife was Mary Sabrit Thornhill. Thomas died in Carthage, Missouri October 12, 1942[48].

Concerning the rest of Elizabeth’s children:

Hettie D. Jones, (b. 1864) who appears on the 1880 Census in the Elizabeth Ady household. No further information. She may have died by 1900.

William H. Jones (age 33) and his wife Albirdia (age 30) appear on the 1900 Census, Twin Grove Tp., (Carl Junction), Jasper Co., Missouri with their children: Glen R. Jones (age 10) and Neal Jones (age 1)[49]. Some family records on Ancestry.com state that William had two marriages and that his first wife’s name was Amy. However, William and Alberta were married November 6, 1889 in Jasper County[50]. William H. and Alberta appear on the 1920 Census for Jackson Tp., Jasper Co., Missouri with their children: Neal C. Jones (Age 20) and Walter L. Jones (age 12)[51]. William H. Jones died in Jasper Co., Missouri in 1939[52].

John C. Jones (age 48) appears on the 1920 Census for Pineville, McDonald Co., Missouri with his wife Hattie (age 46) and their children: Ray Jones (age 24); William Jones (age 22); Charles Jones (age 19); Louis Jones (age 18); Grace Jones (age 15); Harold Jones (age 9)[53]. John Charles Jones died June 27, 1924 in Pineville, McDonald Co., Missouri[54].

Earl E. Jones, (b. 1875) who appears on the 1880 Census in the Elizabeth Ady household. No further information. He may have died young.

I believe William Beman died shortly after the 1900 Census since I could find nothing further about him.

Apparently the Bemans returned to Daviess Co., Indiana shortly after the 1900 census was taken. William had lived there previously. The July 3, 1902 issue of the Carthage Press notes the following: Fidelity–Elizabeth, wife of William Spencer, formerly of this place, but now of Indiana, died Sunday, June 22[55].

Thus ends the odyssey of Elizabeth Foster Jones Spencer Ady Beman. But the question still remains: Who killed John Bass Jones?

The whole grand jury investigation against the Jasper County men the Spring of 1880 was prompted by political motives on the part of certain individuals who wanted to take control of City Hall and eliminate potential challenges. The grand jury investigation occurred in April 1880. Elizabeth Ady significantly altered her testimony from that originally given at the coroner’s inquest shortly after the death of John Bass Jones. In 1867, she told the coroner’s jury and everyone else who would listen to her that she didn’t recognize any of the men who came to the door. They were all strangers and none of them wore masks. At the grand jury investigation in April 1880, however, she named names-although she didn’t name William Spencer–and she also threw in the information about living on Red Hot Street in Galena, Kansas.

I seriously doubt that she lived there at all. Galena didn’t become a boom town until 1877, and Red Hot Street was notorious. In describing the conflict between Galena and its rival Empire City, the Genuine Kansas website notes:

“The war between the towns became so bad that the main connecting link between the two cities became known as “Red Hot Street,” when feuding became so intense that doctors and undertakers began working nights and sleeping during the days. This feud, coupled with the countless miners, transients, and outlaws hiding within its midst provided a hotbed for violence.

In this section of the town were innumerable saloons and gambling halls that catered to murderers, outlaws, and gamblers. During this time, many hardworking miners were lured inside to lose their hard earned gold at the gaming tables and other questionable pastimes. Some were never seen again”[56].

Elizabeth tossed in her reference to “Red Hot Street” during her 1880 testimony as a taunt-and probably as a way of embarrassing and/or mortifying William Spencer! I am certain she found enough excitement in southeast Kansas to fill her day without visiting Red Hot Street!

The killing of John Bass Jones is a matter of speculation since identities of the perpetrators were never discovered. Bass was a Confederate sympathizer, who spent a considerable amount of time in Arkansas. He lived in Saline County with his wife (Note: they had just married prior to his death), and he spent time in Benton County with relatives and friends. Apparently, his visits to Jasper County were sporadic and caused concern that he planned to locate there permanently. Bass may have been aware of their concern, which would have led him to the statement described in the following segment of the testimony:

My name is D. S. Moss. I live on Jones Creek, seven miles southeast of Carthage; lived there since 1866. In 1867 Wm. Hood lived about two miles south of Mr. J. D. Jones, and one quarter of a mile from me, and Wm. Boss lived about three miles from me, and David Collins lived five and a half or six miles and James Greer about five miles, a little east of south. They all lived up Jones Creek from where I lived. Knew Wm. Spencer; he lived about one mile north and east of where I lived. I have seen John Bass Jones when he was a boy; saw him in 1867–in March 1867. John Bass and James Henry Jones stopped at my home; I did not see John Bass again till the morning of the 17th of April, 1867; he was laying in the road; he had been shot. Think there was eleven holes in his body. Think the shot in the head and the one in the heart would have produced death. Knew Boss; saw him first in 1866. Defendants all identified. Have known Wm. Spencer from my boyhood. I heard Wm. Boss say that John Bass Jones had made some remarkable threats against us blank Republicans that lived on Jones Creek; that he, Boss, had played off on Jones as a Democrat, and Jones had told him that he would go down to Arkansas and get a company of bushwhackers, and clean out all union men on Jones Creek. About the week after this conversation–Boss belonged to a society we had down there for mutual protection against thieves–we had a meeting, and Boss was there. I was chairman, and Boss said something about Jones. I don’t know who was vice president. ??? to Boss we were not attending to ??? Joneses then. Mr. Smith and Mr. Samuels made use of some abrupt language, and I got up and left[57].

The whole incident appears to have started with a rumor. John Bass Jones may or may not have actually made that statement, or he may have made a statement that was perceived by others as an actual threat. Someone took his threat seriously and hired a group of killers to kill him. No one recognized any of the men in the original coroner’s inquest of 1867. They were strangers from outside the community. They may have even been hired by someone from inside or outside the community who was either worried about John Bass Jones’ permanent residence in Jasper County or who was hoping to cause trouble in Jasper County.

Perhaps at some future date a deathbed confession will emerge from some dusty trunk that will solve the mystery.

 

References

[1] Jarrett B. Foster Overview, Cunningham/Webster Family Tree, Available at Ancestry.com: http://www.ancestry.com

[2] 1850 Census, Jackson Tp., District 41, Jasper Co., Missouri-Jarrett B. Foster. Available at Ancestry.com: http://www.ancestry.com

[3] 1850 Census, District 41, Jasper Co., Missouri-John Shirley. Available at Ancestry.com: http://www.ancestry.com

[4] John Shirley Overview-The Walters Family Tree. Available online at Ancestry.com: http://www.ancestry.com

[5] Belle Starr-The Bandit Queen. From the American Legends Website. Old West Legends. Available online at http://www.legendsofamerica.com/we-bellestarr.html

[6] 1860 Census Records, Jasper Co., Missouri: Jarrett B. Foster [Jackson Tp., District 41]-John Shirley [Marion Tp.]. Available at Ancestry.com: http://www.ancestry.com

[7] Foster Marriage Records for 1860, Jasper Co., Missouri. Available online at Ancestry.com: http://www.ancestry.com

[8] List of Original Members and Builders of the Freedom Baptist Church, Entrance of the Moss Springs Cemetery, Moss Springs Cemetery Association, Jasper Co., Missouri

[9] 1850 Census, District 41, Jasper Co., Missouri, John D. Jones. Available at Ancestry.com: http://www.ancestry.com

[10] 1860 Census, District 41, Jasper Co., Missouri, John D. Jones. Available at Ancestry.com: http://www.ancestry.com

[11] “Battle of Carthage-Confederate Victory”-Awesome Stories: Story Place on the Web. Available online at http://www.awesomestories.com/assets/battle-of-carthage—confederate-victory

[12] CWSAC Battle Summaries Website, The American Battlefield Protection Program, Heritage Preservation Services, Available online at http://www.cr.nps.gov/hps/abpp/battles/mo004.htm

[13] “The Battle of Pea Ridge”-Available at the Wikipedia website: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Pea_Ridge

[14] U. S. Department of the Interior, Bureau of Land Management. The Official Land Records Site. John Shirley and Harry W. Younger Land Patent (1850). Available online at http://www.glorecords.blm.gov/

[15] Belle Starr-The Bandit Queen. From the American Legends Website. Old West Legends. Available online at http://www.legendsofamerica.com/we-bellestarr.html

[16] Newton Jasper Spence Family Records. Mora Spence. Ca. 1995.

[17] 1865 Tax List, Marmaton, Bourbon Co., Kansas, Jarrett B. Foster. Available at Ancestry.com: http://www.ancestry.com

[18] 1870 Census for Westralia, Montgomery Co., Kansas, G. Foster. Available at Ancestry.com: http://www.ancestry.com

[19] 1875 tax record for Cherokee Tp., Montgomery Co., Kansas. Jarrett B. Foster. Available at Ancestry.com: http://www.ancestry.com

[20] “Wedding in the Woods”–Belle Starr Wedding Photo. Posted on Pinterest by Beverly Bauser, Found on theelliscollection.com

[21] Belle Starr-The Bandit Queen. From the American Legends Website. Old West Legends. Available online at http://www.legendsofamerica.com/we-bellestarr.html

[22] 1850 Census for Geneva, Jennings, Indiana, Andrew J. Ady. Available at Ancestry.com: http://www.ancestry.com

[23] 1865 Tax List, Clarke Tp., in District 2, Indiana, Andrew J. Ady. Available at Ancestry.com: http://www.ancestry.com

[24] 1875 Tax List, Wild Cat Tp., Howard Co., Kansas, Andrew J. Ady. Available at Ancestry.com: http://www.ancestry.com

[25] 1875 Tax List, Wild Cat Tp., Howard Co., Kansas, Andrew J. Ady. Available at Ancestry.com: http://www.ancestry.com

[26] 1885 Tax List, Boulder Co., Colorado. Andrew J. Ady. Available at Ancestry.com: http://www.ancestry.com

[27] 1895 Tax List for Richland Tp., Gray Co., Kansas, Andrew J. Ady. Available at Ancestry.com: http://www.ancestry.com

[28] 1900 Census for Hess Tp., Gray Co., Kansas, Andrew J. Ady. Available at Ancestry.com: http://www.ancestry.com

[29] 1920 Census, Whatcom Co., Washington, Amelia Ady. Available at Ancestry.com: http://www.ancestry.com

[30] Milly Catherine Spence Jones Overview, Forehand-Winslow Family Tree. Available at Ancestry.com: http://www.ancestry.com

[31] Milly Catherine Spence Jones Overview, Henninger Family Tree. Available at Ancestry.com: http://www.ancestry.com

[32] William Spencer Overview, Riddle Family Tree. Available at Ancestry.com: http://www.ancestry.com

[33] William Spencer Overview, Riddle Family Tree. Available at Ancestry.com: http://www.ancestry.com

[34] 1850 Census for Sarcoxie, Jasper Co., Missouri, William Spencer. Available at Ancestry.com: http://www.ancestry.com

[35] 1880 Census, Union Tp., Jasper Co., Missouri, William Spencer. Available at Ancestry.com: http://www.ancestry.com

[36] 1865 Census for Mound City, Linn Co., Kansas, William Spencer. Available at Ancestry.com: http://www.ancestry.com

[37] 1880 Tax Records, Coffeyville, Montgomery Co., Kansas: Francis Marion Foster. Available at Ancestry.com: http://www.ancestry.com

[38] 1880 Census for Union Tp., Jasper Co., Missouri, William Spencer. Available at Ancestry .com: http://www.ancestry.com

[39] 1880 Census for Union Tp., Jasper Co., Missouri, William Spencer. Available at Ancestry.com: http://www.ancestry.com

[40] 1880 Census for Carthage, Jasper Co., Missouri, Elizabeth Ady. Available at Ancestry.com: http://www.ancestry.com

[41] 1850 Census for Brandon Tp, Rensselaer Co., New York, William Beman. Available at Ancestry.com: http://www.ancestry.com

[42] 1860 Census for Farmington, Jefferson County, Wisconsin, William Beman. Available at Ancestry.com: http://www.ancestry.com

[43] 1870 Census, Washington, Daviess Co., Indiana, William Beman. Available at Ancestry.com: http://www.ancestry.com

[44] 1880 Census, Boonville, Cooper Co., Missouri, William Beman. Available at Ancestry.com: http://www.ancestry.com

[45] Belle Starr-The Bandit Queen. From the American Legends Website. Old West Legends. Available online at http://www.legendsofamerica.com/we-bellestarr.html

[46] William Beman Marriage Record; Jasper County Marriage Records; August 11, 1886

[47] 1900 Census, Twin Grove Tp., Jasper Co., Missouri; William Beman; Available at Ancestry.com; http://www.ancestry.com

[48] Thomas A. Jones Family Tree; Ancestry World Tree; Available at Ancestry.com; http://www.ancestry.com

[49] 1900 Census, Twin Grove Tp. (Carl Junction), Jasper Co., Missouri. William H. Jones. Available at Ancestry.com: http://www.ancestry.com

[50] William H. Jones Marriage Record; Jasper County Marriage Records; November 6, 1889 [51] 1920 Census, Jackson Tp., Jasper Co., Missouri, William H. Jones. Available at Ancestry.com: http://www.ancestry.com

[51] William H. Jones Family Tree; Ancestry World Tree; Available at Ancestry.com; http://www.ancestry.com

[52] 1920 Census, Pineville, McDonald Co., Missouri, John C. Jones. Available at Ancestry.com: http://www.ancestry.com

[53] John Charles Jones Family Tree; Ancestry World Tree; Available at http://www.ancestry.com

[54] Death Notice about Elizabeth Ady Spencer (Wife of William Spencer), Carthage Press, Carthage, Missouri. July 3, 1902

[55] Genuine Kansas: Galena; Available online at http://www.genuinekansas.com/city_galena_kansas.htm

[57] “The So-Called Murder Case” from The Carthage Banner, August 1, 1880. Microfilm. Jasper County Public Library

 

 

 

Who Killed John Bass Jones– Part 1

 

 

John Bass Jones (1838-1867). Grave at Moss Springs Cemetery, Jasper County, Missouri

John Bass Jones (1838-1867). Grave at Moss Springs Cemetery, Jasper County, Missouri

 

 

Jasper Co., Missouri was the scene of turmoil before, during, and after the Civil War. After Order No. 11 was issued, southern-sympathizing families were forced out of the State. As a result, many families fled Missouri to resettle in the South. Grayson Co., Texas was a popular area for resettlement. Some families remained in Texas and did not explore other locations. Some stayed there briefly, only to relocate to states such as Arkansas. Those who settled in Arkansas either remained there for the rest of their lives, or they relocated to southern counties in Missouri in the late 1880s or 1890s. Since Jasper Co., Missouri was a center of Union activity and sentiment, few southern supporters returned there. If they did, they risked their lives. Such was the case of John Bass Jones, who was shot and killed in the early morning hours of April 17, 1867 by unknown assailants in Jasper County.

Bass (as he was called) left Missouri with members of the Jones and Hood families and appears to have settled at Sulphur Springs, Benton Co., Arkansas. As reported in an earlier article written on him, he also settled in  Saline County, Arkansas, where he met and married his future wife. (Click HERE for the earlier story written about John Bass Jones, his family and his wife.)  He returned to Jasper County in 1867, apparently planning to stay there. Instead, his bullet-riddled body was found on the road. Unknown assailants took him from the house where he was staying and fired 11 bullets into him.

A coroner’s inquest was held immediately after the killing, but no one was charged. Then the whole case suddenly came to life again in 1880. A number of prominent men were charged with the murder, and prosecution of the murder case was detailed in the Carthage Banner. I have incorporated the newspaper account below.

 

The So-Called Murder Case

From “The Carthage Banner, August 1, 1880

The Democratic Prosecution of Innocent Men for Murder

The Evidence In Full as Taken By a Banner Reporter

Prosecution of this case was conducted by prosecuting attorney McIntyre, assisted by W. C. Robinson and A. L. Thomas. Defense of the case was in the hands of L. H. Waters. U.S. District Attorney for the Western District of Missouri, and T. B. Hanghawout and W. H. Phillips.

“The well known ability of the counsel for the defense guarantees that the true animus of the prosecution will be thoroughly shown up, and the rights of the defendants maintained and protected. Of the twenty-four men sworn this morning, fifteen were accepted and the sheriff was ordered to get twenty-five more jurors. It will perhaps require today and tomorrow to fill the panel, as the case has been much talked of and has excited a great deal of just indignation in the breasts of good citizens all over the county. The readers of the BANNER shall be kept fully posted in every detail of the trial which will be come one of the most celebrated that ever occurred in the county” (The Carthage Banner, Thursday, March 25, 1880)

 

————————————

STATE OF MISSOURI VS. D.A. COLLINS, ET AL

The state after the forty men were qualified, called Geo. Miller, and asked him whether he had said anything about the case after he was qualified. He said that Wm. Motherspaw said to him, that the case would be short, as one of the witnesses had a bad character; also, that he had no prejudice or bias for or against the defendants.

Jasper said that he talked with him and said he did not like to be kept away from home, that the case would not amount to anything, as one of the witnesses has a very bad character; that is all he said about the case. The court then excluded Miller and fined him ten dollars [for comments made] as to Smith and Flemming.

State of Missouri vs. D. S. Collins, et al. Witnesses for State:

JAMES H. JONES

I was at John D. Jones’, seven miles south of Carthage, in April, 1867. J. D. and his wife, James Jones was there on the night of April 16th. Knew John Bass Jones in his life time. He had been in the county but a short time prior to that time. He left this county in 1866 and came back in 1867; he remained a week and went to Arkansas, remained about a week and came back on the night he was killed, came to John D. Jones, a fact; came from the direction of Wm. Hood’s. I was awoke by some one calling out. J. D. Jones called out that John Bass was in the house. They said, tell him to get up  and come to the door. John Bass got up and asked them what they wanted. They said they wanted him to go to town; he said he had no horse; they said they would furnish him a horse. He then came back and dressed, went out, and the last I heard him say was, even if I had done anything to die for, I would not care. Did not know any of the parties. He went out the west door; about five minutes after he was taken out I heard shots; seemed to be two volleys; saw the body next morning. The body was lying on its back, was eleven bullet holes in it. The house is on the west side of the creek. We were all sleeping in the same room, about twenty feet square; it was a light night; I saw some parties pass the window on the east side of the house. Wm. Boss lived on the widow Jones’ [Note: Milly Catherine Spence Jones, wife of Lewis Jones] farm in Newton county. John Bass claimed one-fifth interest in the farm at that time. I stayed in bed all the time until I heard the guns fired; then I got up and left.

Cross-Examined:

The doors were in the center of the house, on the east and west side. John Bass and myself slept in the south east corner. John David Jones was the man that said we were in the house; don’t know whether John David Jones got up or not; can’t tell whether Mrs. Ady was up when the men were there or not; think she was after the men had started from the door. This was about twelve miles from Granby; the road where the body was found is the road to Granby. We had a stable. John Bass did not bring his horse; did not recognize any of the men that passed by window; don’t know how many men were there were.

DANIEL G. JONES

I am twenty eight years old in August; live in Jasper County; lived at John D. Jones’ April 1867. Saw John Bass Jones there in April of that year. John Bass came there the night he was killed. Went to bed early. I slept upstairs. Did not wake during the night; got up in the morning, before day; saw Jones dead in the road, about two hundred yards from the house in the road. There was eleven bullet holes in the body: two in the body, one in his ear, one in his chin, and several in his leg. Defendant Greer lived about four miles southeast of Jones’ at that time. Boss lived about three miles. I saw Mr. Boss pass by our house the next morning; he stopped a moment and then rode off. This happened in Jasper County.

Cross-Examined:

I was not awake that night; they called me the next morning. There was no one to bed when I went to bed. John Bass came there about a week before this, on a black horse, he went to Arkansas on said horse. He came there before  breakfast. Don’t know whether he had had his breakfast or not.

M. HICKEY

Live six miles south. I lived there in 1867; was acquainted with John Bass Jones in 1867. The last time I ever saw him alive was in April, 1866. I saw his body afterwards in 1867, at the house of John Davy Jones; died in 1867, April 17th. On the night of the 16th I was on the bottom of the forks of Jones and Center Creek, hunting turkeys. When I started down it was clear; when I went home, it was twelve or one o’clock and clear. I lived about two miles from the bottom; as I went home I heard shooting, toward Dr. Moss’s. I was then about two miles and a half from John D. Jones when I heard the shots. Saw only two shots; one went in the right ear and came out at his chin; the other in his wrist. John D Jones lived about three and a half miles southeast of me. Wm. Hood lived about one-half miles from Jones, south. There was a right smart yard around J. D. Jones at that time. On the west side of the house there was a locust tree. John Bass Jones was about twenty-eight years old.

Cross-examined:

I was friendly with the Joneses. I have lived at where I now live since the war, except two years.

[Still for the Prosecution]

C. MITCHELL

Reside in Newton county; have lived there since August, 1866, about three miles from Wm. Boss; two miles east and one south. I was introduced to John Bass Jones by Mr. Boss, in March, 1867, I think. I recollect he was killed in the spring of the year, the same spring I was introduced to him. Mr. Boss said he was interested in the place he, Boss, lived on. The day before Jones was killed I was in the timber, north of Mr. Boss’ home, sawing timber. On my way home, I passed along the north end of Mr. Boss’ home. Boss was close to the barn, leading a horse. We saw Mr. Boss and we went to the timber and  Boss said it was all right to cut the timber. Mr. Jones said it was all right. Mr. Jones asked Boss if Jones had left us a French Furlough. Boss said he had heard so. When we saw it was at the house as we went home, Haines said, Boss, I thought Jones had left the country. Boss said yes. Haines said, I saw him but a short time before going up to Hood’s to stay all night. I said Jones said he was moving to Carthage. Boss said he must be seen to. I think that was all that was said. After we got across the creek I saw someone ride up the creek south; think it was Boss. He was riding toward where Greer was living. I told Boss that Jones told me that he had the power of attorney to bring suit to set aside deeds where property had been sold on bogus attachments, where parties were out of the country. The amount he had to settle was about forty or fifty thousand dollars.

Cross-Examined:

I went over to Boss’s to buy corn when I was introduced to Jones. I next saw Bass when I went over after ??? took out tools. We stopped at Boss’s to get permission to cut a couple of trees. Boss said it was all right, that Jones had no objection. We saw Jones in the evening. Jones asked us if we knew whose timber we were cutting. I told him we had bought the timber of Boss. Jones said it was all right. I did not know it was John Bass Jones until two days after. Jones was riding a horse. He went north when he left. The horse was a bay or sorrel. When I went to Boss’ house in the evening, Boss  was just leading a horse in the barn yard. I told Boss that Jones said he had the power to attorney to bring a number of suits for land in Jasper county that had been sold out on bogus attachment suits for damages against parties who had left the county.

JAMES H. JONES was by the court recalled for the purpose of permitting a juror to ask him a question. H. C. Warner, juror, asked him: What relation was John Bass Jones to you? My uncle. I went to Buckingham’s that night, and told them what I thought had occurred. State asked him what trees were on the west side of the house? Two–one locust tree and apple tree.

ELIZABETH ADY

My name is Elizabeth Ady. Live in Carthage. Lived on Jones Creek in 1867. My name was Jones.

S. MOSS

My name is D. S. Moss. I live on Jones Creek, seven miles southeast of Carthage; lived there since 1866. In 1867 Wm. Hood lived about two miles south of Mr. J. D. Jones, and one quarter of a mile from me, and Wm. Boss lived about three miles from me, and David Collins lived five and a half or six miles and James Greer about five miles, a little east of south. They all  lived up Jones Creek from where I lived. Knew Wm. Spencer; he lived about one mile north and east of where I lived. I have seen John Bass Jones when he was a boy; saw him in 1867–in March 1867. John Bass and James Henry Jones stopped at my home; I did not see John Bass again till the morning of the 17th of April, 1867; he was laying in the road; he had been shot. Think there was eleven holes in his body. Think the shot in the head and the one in the heart would have produced death. Knew Boss; saw him first in 1866. Defendants all identified. Have known Wm. Spencer from my boyhood. I heard  Wm. Boss say that John Bass Jones had made some remarkable threats against us blank Republicans that lived on Jones Creek; that he, Boss, had played off on Jones as a Democrat, and Jones had told him that he would go down to Arkansas and get a company of bushwhackers, and clean out all union men on Jones Creek. About the week after this conversation–Boss belonged to a society we had down there for mutual protection against thieves–we had a meeting, and Boss was there. I was chairman, and Boss said something about Jones. I don’t know who was vice president. ??? to Boss we were not attending to ??? Joneses then. Mr. Smith and Mr. Samuels made use of some abrupt language, and I got up and left.

Question: Did not Wm. Boss make a motion while you was setting–make a motion at that meeting–some time in March or April that John Bass Jones should be killed. Excluded.

Don’t know whether Boss said anything more. Samuels and Smith said something about running Jones out of county and killing him, etc.

There seemed to be considerable animosity against someone; don’t know who it was against. I told Boss that I would see Jones about it and he said nothing. Don’t know who took the chair when I left. Don’t think there was any motion or proposition to kill Jones that night. All that I know about it, I have stated. There was considerable excitement. I don’t know whether Collins or Greer was there or not. Don’t think there was a motion or even a proposition for a motion to run John Bass Jones out of the county, or to kill him. We had another meeting about two weeks after that. We organized in April, 1866. We had a meeting on the night of the 16th of April, 1867; lasted until after 9 o’clock; it was at the school house about one-half mile from my house. Wm. Spencer was there; don’t think David Collins was there, or James Greer; heard someone speak; thought it was Boss; it was at the door; I was in the back of the house; don’t know whether it was Boss’ voice or not; after the conversation had passed, heard a horse going up the hill.

Cross-Examined:

Our society was called the Union League; about one hundred members. We let everybody in who wanted to join. The organization was not to do anybody any harm, but to protect our property. Boss asked me whether John Bass Jones had not better be arrested. The business we wanted attended to was to petition the Legislature to remit interest on some older debts for which I was security. Think this is why I left the chair. I know Nathan Smith and Lee Burlingame.

Did you not say in presence of Mr. Burlingame and Smith that you heard Jones’ name mentioned in the Union League?

No.

Did you not state in presence of Thos. Wakefield yesterday that Bass was not at the meeting and that he did not ride up to the door?

I held the inquest over the body of Jones. I was J. P. at the time.

Boss’ wife was sick at that time; he came after medicine on the 16th of April, 1867. William Spencer’s wife was sick also.

Mrs. Ady and Mrs. William Hood were witnesses at the inquest. I knew all about this matter then that I know now. Mrs. Hood was a sister of John Bass Jones; Amos Buchannan’s wife and John Bass Jones’ wife were brother and sister; also Mrs. Hood and John Bass Jones.

(still for the prosecution)

J. HAMRY

I reside in Cherokee county, Kansas since 1874. Know Dr. Moss, know Wm. Spencer, knew them first in the summer of 1867. I joined the organization in 1867 after the killing. Know Wm. Boss and David Collins. I attended two meetings in July or August, 1866; we took an oath that did not amount to much; we signed a constitution for mutual protection.

Spencer told me during august, 1879, on Dave Spence’s [Note: William David Spence–my second great-grandfather]] fence. I was talking about the killing of this man. He said, “Are you a member. I can tell you.” He said, “We had a meeting. Dr. Moss was president, and would not put the motion to kill Jones; and after the crowd had gone out of doors, some one came up, and he, Spencer, said as Moss would not give the order to kill Jones, that he, Spencer, would have your men ready; I say as vice-president, to go on and do it. I don’t know who it was that Spencer said asked for the order.

Cross-Examined:

I first came to the country in June, 1867. Soon after joining the league; I was a Democrat at that time, but they did not know it. I recollect of seeing Smith, Gibbens and Dr. Moss at the meetings. I told the conversation I had with Spencer; to Laz Spence and Dave Spence and all over the country. They met at Moss’ spring; when I met with them. I wrote the conversation down a few days after. Bro. Boss, Mr. Buchanan, Nathan Smith, and Mr. Boss asked me who had told me, I said I would not tell. I did not deny knowing anything about it when they came to see me.

Re-examined:

Some of the men came armed; some one says Boss was the spokesman, and wanted my authority, but I told them I would permit my right arm to be cut off  first.

ELIZABETH ADY

I was living on Jones’ Creek in 1867, about one mile from Wm. Hood’s; knew James Greer, David Collins and Wm. Boss; had known them but a short time. Knew John Bass Jones; saw him last on the 16th day of April, 1867; come a foot from the direction of Wm. Hood’s. Think Dan Jones went to bed first; can’t say what time the men-folks retired that night. The beds were in the south end of the house–one in the west and the other in the east corner. The first thing I heard was a rapping on the house. I spoke to my husband, who spoke, and asked what they wanted; they said we want you to come out. I did not want him to go out. They said if you come out and act like a man you shall not be hurt. He opened the door; they asked who was there, and he said John Bass and J. H. Jones. John Bass went to the door. They said we want  you to go to town; he said he had no horse; they said we will furnish you one. He put his clothes on and went out and they surrounded him. I heard him say that if he had ever done anything to be killed for he would not care. They started off with him and I soon heard what I supposed to be fifteen or twenty shots; afterwards I thought I heard horses going east and south. Wm. Buchannan was standing at the door. I recognized Nathan Boss, Wm. Boss, James Greer and David Collins; David Collins at that time wore his mustache blacked. They had small arms in their hands.

Cross-Examined:

Hood’s wife was a cousin to John Bass Jones. I married Davy Jones in 1860; it was about two weeks after John Bass Jones came back before he was killed. He went to Arkansas. John Bass Jones did not make his home anywhere after he came back. I had got asleep before I was aroused by the men. John B. Jones had a great many relatives in the neighborhood. He went out the west door. I was getting out the side of the bed; and saw Wm Buchannan through the window; I had my dress on when I went to the door; I saw seven men in all; don’t know who the others were; can’t give any description of them; can’t tell how the men were dressed. I was present at the inquest next day, and swore that I did not know any of the men.

Question: Did you not tell Mrs. Furggason that you did not know any of the men that killed Jones?

Answer: No.

Ques. Did you not tell Ruban Dall the same thing?

Ans. No.

Ques. Did you not tell Mrs. Southerland the same thing?

Ans. No.

The first time I told any body who the men were was last fall; I told Pike, who was at that time detective and deputy sheriff. After Jones was killed my husband died, I married Spencer; after I parted with Spencer I went to Galena in 1877, and went by the name of Jones, though my name was Spencer. I lived on Red Hot Street, Galena. When I lived in Galena I married A. J. Ady; I went to Elk county, Kansas, from Galena. I saw David Collins at our house; he was with his brother who was hung near Lamar. Pike was at my house when I first told him this. He spoke to me several times about making the affidavit.

Did you not refuse to sign the affidavit against these men when you went to Squire Brown’s office, and did not Pike take you in a private room and talk with you before you would sign it.

Objected to and objection sustained.

I said I was afraid to tell, but no one threatened me. I don’t know why I was not afraid to tell Pike.

J. ROBERTSON

Know defendants; live eight miles southeast of here, two and one-half miles from Jones Creek; came there in April, 1866; Greer and Collins pointed out to me day before yesterday; never saw Greer before; saw Collins once before; didn’t know Jones; two days after killing heard of it in town. I was not acquainted with any of the defendants but Spencer; did not get acquainted with Boss till 1870. I met Spencer some time in 1867 or 1868 on the prairie, and we had a conversation in relation to my membership in a certain organization. He wanted to know whether I was loyal. I told him I was loyal  to the United States, but not to the organization. All the conversation was about my allegiance to the organization. It was called the Advanced Guards of America, and held their meetings at the Moss School House. Don’t know whether Spencer was a member or not.

Cross-Examined:

I belonged to that organization. I did not know any member in the order.

J. HAMRY RECALLED

Mr. Spencer said Jones was killed because he was kicking about the cutting of  timber on his land; that he did not allow rebs to come back and make threats.

WILLIAM HOOD

I resided on Jones’ Creek in April 1867; lived there until the 16th of April; knew John Bass Jones; he left that county in April, 1866; the next I saw him was March, 1867; stayed a week and went to Arkansas to see his brothers, and come back April 16th, 1867, about three o’clock that day was on horse back; stayed till dark; left his horse and went I don’t know where. His horse was in my lot; know Boss, Collins and Greer; saw Collins and Greer pass my house that evening; they passed close to where the horse was; Jones had left before they came back. I saw two persons going toward J. D. Jones’; after that I heard the dogs bark and got up and went to the door; some one knocked at the door. I opened the door; saw pistols cocked. They said “Come out.” I did; three men went in and one guarded me; the men that asked me to come out and turned and asked me who was in the house. They went in, searched the house, came out and went away. They then came back and asked me where John Bass Jones was. My wife said they had gone down to John Davy Jones’s. They turned and walked off; I went back in; they came back again, called me out and asked me to come round the house; saw four men; was getting over the fence, and Collins came up to me and asked me whether I had ever ordered any Union men out of this county or took Union men’s property. I said no. He then said he did not want me to run around any more; that is, unnecessary running around. My wife came to the door, and he then told me not to leave the house until daylight. I only recognized Greer, Collins and Buchannan.

They had been gone about one-half hour. I heard pistols a little while after I heard horses’ feet on the road going south; thought the pistol shots were down the creek. the men were not disguised; they had pistols; did not see Collins have any pistols. I saw seven men in all; only recognized three. The two men that were with Collins when he talked to me I did not know. The moon was a little west that night.

Cross Examined;

Live in Texas; northwest Texas; I left Texas last Monday week to come here; was here last court; stayed at Pike’s house and McBride’s house–went out some and mostly after night. Mr. McAntyre sent me money to come here–was in Weatherford, Texas, when I got the money. John B. Jones was riding on a black or brown horse when he came to my house. Got to my house on the 16th, about three o’clock. The men came to my house at about 12 o’clock or after, at night. I went to Jones’ next morning and stayed until night. It is one mile from my house to Boss’. I did not go to Boss’ next morning and tell them that Jones was dead. I did not tell Boss ??? that I did not know the men  that were there that night.

Witnesses for Defense

W. STEWART

Lived on Jones Creek on Laz Spence’s place in 1867; was one of the jurors before the inquest. Wm. Hood was sworn as a witness.

Question: Did not Mr. Hood swear before the Coroner’s jury that he did not know who the men were that was at his house?

Answer: Yes

Ques: Did not Hood swear before said jury that the men were all strangers to him?

Ans: yes.

LAZERUS [SIC] SPENCE

I was one of the Coroner’s jury that held the inquest over the body of John Bass Jones. Wm. Hood was sworn as a witness, and testified that the men who were at his house that night were all strangers to him.

Have known William Spencer since 1841; Mr. Spencer always had a good reputation; also Boss and Greer.

Cross Examined: There was a large crowd at the inquest.

I was at the meeting of the League the night Jones was killed. Collins or Greer was there.

The League lasted till two minutes after nine o’clock; after the meeting was over, myself, Dr. Moss and William Spencer went home together as far as Moss’, then I went a short distance from Moss’ and Spencer went on home.

NATHAN SMITH

I lived in 1866 at my father’s on Jones Creek; I remember of the killing of J. B. Jones. I was north of Hood’s or John D. Jones that night. I was at my uncle’s that night shelling corn. I was a member of the League. I understood it to be a general organization gotten up by members of the local area to protect property and enforce the law. I was at the meeting of the League at Moss Spring, when Major Baney was an applicant and he was rejected. He never was a member of that order.

Cross Examined: My uncle lived about two and a half miles from where John B. Jones was killed. I never heard the name of Jones mentioned in the League and I know it was not the murder of Jones that caused the League to disband. I never was at Major Baney’s for the purpose of driving him out of the county.

Re-examined: I was at the foot of the stairs when Moss said he had never heard the name of Jones mentioned in the league and had never heard any motion or proposition in the League to kill Jones or run him out of the  country.

D. BURLINGAME:

Testified as above

A. WAKEFIELD

Yesterday and the day before, D. Moss told me he was not at the meeting of the League the night Jones was killed. Swears to the good character of all of the defendants. Baney never was a member of the League. His name was rejected at a meeting at Moss Spring, while I was a member.

NATHAN SMITH

My recollection is that I said I could not positively tell where I was the night Jones was killed, at the time I gave bail.

MRS. SOUTHERLAND

Know Mrs. Ady, her and her husband were at my house last harvest, and she, Mrs. Ady, told me she did not know who killed J. B. Jones; that she did not recognize any of them and that the killing of Jones was a mystery.

Cross-Examined: She said that three of the men came in the house and she did not recognize any of them; that they were strangers and not disguised.

CHRISTIAN FINGERLY

I came to this county on the 1st of March, 1867; know Mrs. Ady. The morning of the 17th I went to Jones’ house and helped to carry the body in the home and Mrs. Ady told me she did not know any of the men that killed Jones.

RUBEN DALL

Know Mrs. Ady; knew her in 1869, in the summer of 1869. Mrs. Ady said in my presence that she did not recognize any of the men who killed Bass Jones. She said the men were out in the yard southwest of the house under an apple  tree. Know where Boss lived in 1868; there was no lane on the northwest of Boss’ house at that time.

SOLOMON GOUCHER

Came to this state in the fall of 1867; know where Boss live; am acquainted with the country. The lane Mitchell spoke of was built in the spring of 1869.

MRS. FERGUSSON

Am a sister of defendant Collins; know Mrs. Ady; she and her husband were at my house visiting, and Mrs. Ady said she did not know the men that killed Jones; that they were black and strangers; I was living at home, and my brother was at home the night Jones was killed; also James Greer was there, and my brother was sick. I know it was that night because my sister was confined. My brother and Greer slept upstairs; the stairs were in the room where we slept. My brother and Mr. Greer went to bed early, and did not come down during the night.

Cross Examined: I have been married seven years; think I was about sixteen or seventeen; think I was older at that time. James Greer stayed at our house lots of nights. The night Jones was killed I think they went to bed at the proper time. My brother and Mr. Greer went to bed first.

MRS. STENSON

Am a sister of defendant Collins; lived in Newton County in 1867; I remember the night Jones was killed; my brother was at home that night; Greer was there; I slept in the room where the stairs went up and my brother and Greer went upstairs to bed that night. I went to my sister’s next day to see my sister, and Mrs. Ward told me Jones was killed. My sister had been confined.

S. COLLINS

Am one of the defendants; was at home the night John Bass Jones was killed; Greer slept with me. My sister told Greer that Jones was killed. I was not at J. D. Jones’ the night Jones was killed; was not at Hood’s that night. I  was at home, sick.

WILLIAM SPENCER

Am one of the defendants; am sixty-one; knew Jones. The night Jones was killed I went to Dr. Moss’ for medicine and went to the meeting, and went home about nine o’clock. I was a member of the Union League; had nothing to do with the killing of Jones; never gave orders to kill him and never heard his name mentioned in the League; never told Baney what he swore to.

JAMES GREER

Am one of the defendants; was not at Wm. Hood’s the night Jones was killed; did not go to John D. Jones’ the night he was killed; did not help kill him, and don’t know anything about it.

WILLIAM BOSS

Am one of the defendants; knew John Jones; first found out he was killed on the morning of the 17th of April, 1867. Wm. Hood came to my house that morning and told me that Jones was killed. I was at home all night the night Jones was killed. I never suggested to the League to kill Jones, and never said anything about him. My wife was sick the night Jones was killed. John Bass Jones and I was always friendly; never saw him but twice in his life time, once when Buchanan introduced him to me, and once when he came to measure his mother’s corn.

Cross Examined: Never had any such conversation with Mitchell, as he has sworn to. I did not see Mitchell all the day before Jones was killed.

MRS. BOSS

Am the wife of Wm. Boss. I recollect of the killing of John Bass Jones. My husband was at home that night. I recollect my husband was at home, because I was sick and he gave me medicine, and Wm. Hood came over next morning and told us Jones was killed.

Cross Examined: I had been sick for nearly one year.

PHILLIP BOSS

Am a son of the defendant Boss. Am twenty-nine years old in August. I recollect of the time John Bass Jones was killed: The next morning after he was killed, Wm. Hood came to our house and told us Jones was killed. My father was at home all of the night Jones was killed. I know he was because my mother was sick, and father was up and down during the night to give her medicine, and Wm. Hood came over the next morning and told us of the killing of Jones.

Cross Examined: Hood told us that morning that he had no idea who killed Jones. My father asked him if he wanted anyone to go and help hunt the ones that killed John Bass Jones. Mrs. Allen was living in the room adjoining us, and Mrs. Seanures was living in the kitchen.

HIRAM BOSS

Am twenty four, February 26. Am a son of Wm. Boss. I recollect of hearing of the killing of John Bass Jones. Wm. Hood told us the next morning that John Bass Jones was killed; he also said that he did not know who killed him, and had no idea who killed him. I recollect my father was at home all the  night of the 16ths.

REBUTTAL OF STATE

STEPHEN HOOD

I live about six miles from Moss, and the same from W. Hood. In 1867 I lived on the head of Jenkins Creek about three miles from Wm. Hood.

Question: Was Major Baney a member of that order in 1867.

Objected to by the defendant. Over ruled.

Ans. I think he was

Cross-Examined. I think I have been to meetings when Baney was there, am not satisfied or positive; was not a member of the League at Moss Spring.

JOHN ONSTOTT

Quest: Was you agent for the farm Boss lived on in 1867?

Ans. I was.

Ques. Did you give Boss any authority to sell any timber?

Ans. I did not.

Objected to by the State. Overruled.

DANIEL JONES

I was present at the coroner’s inquest; don’t recollect whether Wm. Hood testified or not at the inquest.

JACOB GILL

Live in Newton county; know Wm. Hood. I recollect the circumstances of Jones being killed. Hood left the day Jones was buried. I saw Hood start; the evening he left, he was at my house. I was present at the Coroner’s Inquest. Didn’t hear Wm. Hood testify; I think Mrs. Jones and husband were all that testified.

Cross-Examined; If Noah Moon testified, I did not know it.

M. BUCKINGHAM

I lived three-fourth miles west from where Jones was killed; was at the inquest. Hood left the day Jones was buried.

Cross-Examined: I think John D. Jones and wife and Wm. Hood and wife testified at the Coroner’s inquest.

JUDGE HOWELL

Live in Joplin. Know W. S. Norton; he lives in Empire City, Kansas. He formerly lived in Joplin. Knew his general moral character. It was bad.

JAMES H. JONES

I was present at the Coroner’s inquest. Could not say whether Wm. Hood was sworn or not.

 

***

The newspaper account ends here. I did not find any additional articles about the murder trial. The case was referred to once again in the press when William Spencer died December 23, 1888, and his obituary mentioned that he had been one of the defendants in the case. As far as I know, the defendants were all acquitted by the jury and the case against the defendants was closed. The real killers of John Bass Jones were never found.

My interest in the case has not waned however. And recently, while going through the old newspaper account, I made an interesting discovery that has taken me in a new direction. I will cover that in Part Two.

References

“The So-Called Murder Case” from The Carthage Banner, August 1, 1880. Microfilm. Jasper County Public Library, Carthage, Missouri.

 

 

 

The Country of Six Bulls: Adeline Elizabeth Bryant Spence (1833-1931)–Part Two

 

Lazarus and Adeline Spence Grave, Moss Springs, Cemetery. Photo Taken May 2002

Lazarus and Adeline Spence Grave, Moss Springs, Cemetery, Jasper County, Missouri. Photo Taken May 2002

Cornelius O’Bryan (1696-1751), Augusta Co., Virginia

Daniel Bryant (1803-1858) and Lucy Key (1810-1903), the parents of Adeline Elizabeth Bryant Spence, were born in Franklin County, Virginia. Tracing Daniel Bryant’s family has been a challenge because of the constant change in the spelling of the name. I originally thought he was part of the large Huguenot family of Bryants from Buckingham and Cumberland Counties, Virginia, many of whom eventually settled in Kentucky. But the name was originally “O’Bryan”–later “Bryant”–and Daniel’s ancestors were Scotch-Irish, who intermarried with the O’Brians/O’Briants.

The O’Brian/O’Bryan surname was first found in County Clare, where Cornelius O’Bryan was born in before 1697. He relocated to Augusta County, Virginia, which is today Rockingham, where he died in 1751. A copy of his will follows:

Be it Remembered the thirtieth day of March in the year of Our Lord one thousand seven hundred and fifty one I Cornelius O’Bryan of Augusta in the Colony of Virginia yeoman being very sick and weak in body but of perfect mind and memory thanks be given to God therefore calling to mind the mortallity of my body and knowing that it is appointed for all men once to dye do make and ordain this my Last Will and Testament that is to say principally And first of all I give and recommend my soul into the Hands that gave it and for My body I recommend it to the Earth to be Buried in a Christain like and decent manner at the discretion of My Executors and as touching such worldly Estate wherewith it hath pleased God to bless me in this life I give devise and dispose of the same in the following manner and form – Imprimis it is my will and I do Order that in the first place all my juste Debts and Funeral Charges be paid and satisfied – Item I give and bequeath unto Rebecca my Dearly beloved wife one hundred Acres of Land during her natural life or she Continues My widow but after her Death or Mariage the said one hundred acres of Land to go unto my Son John Bryen his heirs And assigns forever likewise the old white horse and brown horse and a roan cow and a brown cow of the heifer that come of her and six sheep her choice of the stock together with all my household good during her Natural life And if she marries or when dys to go unto my son John likewise, — Item I give and bequeath unto my son Cornelius O’Bryen a roan mare, — Item I give and bequeath unto my son Thomas’s Eldest son Benjamin a roan yearling colt which came of the mare that I gave unto Cornelius my son, — Item the Rest of my stock Excepting the swine to be Equally Divided amongst the Remainder of my Children These I give and bequeath unto my son John O’Bryan all the remainder of my Estate Both real and personal unto him his heirs And assigns forever, Item I do constitute and ordain my well beloved wife Rebecca and my son John O’Bryen my only and sole Executors of this My Last Will and Testament and I do hereby utterly disalow revoke and disannul all and every other former Testaments Wills Legacies and Executors by me in any ways before this time Named willed and bequeathed Ratifying and Confirming this and no other to be my Last Will and Testament In witness whereof I have hereunto Set my hand and seal the day and year above written [1].

In his will, Cornelius identifies his wife as Rebecca, and his sons as John, Cornelius Jr., and Thomas. John, who must have been his eldest son, became the executor of his estate along with his mother. He mentions a grandson named Benjamin, who was the eldest son of Thomas. Cornelius signed his will March 30, 1751 and the will was recorded May 28, 1751, indicating that he had died during that period of time. John O’Briant posted his bond as executor November 26, 1751[2]. John Bryant’s name earlier appears on the Augusta County Records where he was appointed as appraiser in another estate on May 10,1749 [3].

Subsequently, the Chronicles of the Scotch-Irish Settlement in Virginia, 1745-1800 indicate a land transaction involving the O’Bryan sons:

Name: Cornelius O’Bryan  Date: 10 Jul 1762  Location: Augusta Co., VA  Property: 150 acres on Linvel’s Creek, beginning at kern of stones; cor. John O’Bryan; cor. Cornelius O’Bryan, on the side of the Bald Hill, Watering Spring Run  Remarks: Grantors are surviving joint tenants of Cornelius, John, and Cornelius O’Bryan, Jr. 20. Part of 500 acres conveyed by Hite & Co. to Cornelius, John and Cornelius, Jr., 24 Jun 1744. Delivered to Thomas O’Bryan, Jul 1766.  Description: Grantor  Book Date: 10-458 [4].

I believe that one of these sons-Cornelius, Jr., John, or Thomas-had a son named John Bryant who relocated to Pittsylvania County-today, Franklin Co., Virginia-where he married a daughter of Dennis O’Briant.

 

Dennis O’Briant (1725-aft 1793), John Bryant (ca. 1760-aft. 1812) and Daniel Prillaman (1758-1854)

Dennis O’Briant was an early settler on Nicholas Creek in Pittsylvania County, having arrived before 1767 and having acquired his property of 286 acres on July 14, 1769. (Note: In 1776, this land would be situated in Henry County and in 1786, the land would lie in Franklin County, owing to the creation of new counties during that period of time. His wife’s name is unknown. Two of Dennis O’Briant’s children have been identified: a daughter named Ann (1758-1850) who married Daniel Prillaman (1758-1854) and a son named Dennis O’Briant, Jr. (b. 1769; d. before 1802). There are additional O’Briant names in the area, but with no proven connection to Dennis, Sr.

The son of Jacob Prillaman (1721-1796) and Priscilla Walburga Helm (1723-1799) Daniel Prillaman married Ann O’Briant in 1777. The Prillamans had the following children:

Jacob Prillaman (1778-1858) Dennis Prillaman (1780-1840) John Prillaman (1782-1853) Elizabeth Prillaman (1788-1812) Judith Prillaman (b. 1790) Daniel Prillaman (1799-1844) Susan Prillaman (1794-1899) Ann Prillaman (1799-1892) Ruth Prillaman (1802-1896) [5].

The Prillamans named their children after relatives from both sides of the family. Jacob and Dennis were named for the grandfathers, and Dennis was named for his uncle as well. John was named for John Bryant, indicating that John was already living in the area and had already married an O’Briant. [John had acquired land adjoining Dennis O’Briant in Henry County on Nicholas Creek June 1, 1782, so he may have married Dennis’s daughter by then.] Daniel and Ann were named for the Prillamans. Ruth was named for Dennis O’Briant. Jr.’s wife-she would later become John Bryant’s second wife. (More on this later). Elizabeth was named for Daniel Prillaman’s sister. That leaves Judith and Susan, and they may have represented the grandmothers. Daniel Prillaman had three sisters named Elizabeth, Barbara and Anna.  [Note: I believe that John Bryant’s first wife’s name was Elizabeth, so Elizabeth Prillaman would have been named for Elizabeth O’Briant Bryant and for Elizabeth Prillaman, Daniel Prillaman’s sister.]

The following is a Public Member Story about Daniel Prillaman at Ancestry.com:

Daniel Prillaman came to Virginia with his father Jacob. On 19 Jan 1778 Daniel Prillaman, together with Dennis O’Briant & John Bryant, “refuseth to take & subscribe the oath or affirmation of allegiance to the Commonwealth of Virginia” (Virginia Magazine of History & Biography, Vol. 9 pg 14). This refusal may have been because of his religious convictions, or because of a stronger allegiance to Germany & England. In the first list of tithes taken in Henry County in 1782, Daniel Prillaman’s name appears, with those of his father & two brothers, & he was listed as a resident of that county until 1786, when he & his family appear in Franklin County, which had been cut off from Henry the preceding year.

On 17 June 1783, Daniel had received a grant of 285 acres in Henry County, on Nicholas Creek adjoining Dennis O’Briant (Commonwealth Grants & Patents, Book H, pg 243). Nine years later, on 10 July 1792, he acquired the plantation of his father-in-law, Dennis O’Briant, by a deed of gift, consisting of 286 acres on Nicholas Creek, which was then in Franklin County (Franklin County Deeds, Book 2, pg 414). This land had been granted to Dennis O’Briant in 1769, & later became the property of Daniel’s son, David Prillaman.

Daniel Prillaman acquired other land in the Nicholas Creek section in 1802 & 1803. He bought from Robert Stockton, for $43, a tract of 33 acres on 10 Sept 1802, on Nicholas Creek. On 3 Dec 1803, he bought 33 acres from Spencer James & Nathaniel Dixon, which was also on Nicholas Creek.

The old home of Daniel Prillaman burned in 1911, at which time the family Bible was also destroyed; the house was rebuilt, using the original chimneys. The family cemetary where Daniel & Ann are buried is on the property. Daniel Prillaman lived in the Brown Hill section, while his brothers remained in Blackwater; possibly Daniel moved because of his marriage to Ann O’Briant, whose father was an early settler on Nicholas Creek. One family tradition relates that Daniel had a powder mill near the original family home, & that one day the mill blew up, & Daniel immediately removed to Brown Hill, leaving his brothers behind.

From 1799 on, Daniel Prillaman’s name appears in the Court Order Books of Franklin County. In 1799 he was appointed to supervise the surveys for roads, & was appointed an Overseer of the Poor, as his father had been. He served on juries & transferred lands through the court. At the time of his death in 1854, he was still living on Nicholas Creek. One descendant tells of a slave who was present at the estate sale in 1854, who remembers Daniel’s son Dennis repeating, “I’ll tell you one thing — I want Daddy’s buck (spotted) horse!”

Daniel’s will is dated 1845, probated 1854, & names his wife Ann & ten children [6].

The refusal of Dennis O’Briant, John Bryant, and Dennis Prillaman to take an oath of allegiance probably stemmed from their religious beliefs rather than any strong feeling of loyalty to England. The O’Briants, Bryants and Prillamans were staunch conservatives and were all members of the Baptist Church. The Baptist Church to which they belonged severed ties with the main Baptist Church in 1814 over the issue of the Foreign Mission Board. They became known as Primitive Baptists. [The Freedom Baptist Church at Moss Springs in Jasper Co., Missouri was a Primitive Baptist Church. When the Spence family resided in Perry Co., Tennessee, they attended a Primitive Baptist Church. So it is not surprising that the O’Briants, Bryants and Prillamans attended the same type of church.]

WordIQ.com defines the Primitive Baptists as follows:

Primitive Baptists are a group of Baptists that have an historical connection to the missionary/anti-missionary controversy that divided Baptists of America in the early part of the 19th century. Those currently denominated Primitive Baptists consist of descendants of churches and ministers that opposed the Baptist Board of Foreign Missions (org. 1814), as well as other innovations such as seminaries and temperance societies. Early leaders include Joshua Lawrence, John Leland, Daniel Parker, and John Taylor. Other names by which Primitive Baptists are known are Predestinarian Baptists, Old School Baptists, Regular Baptists, Particular Baptists and Hardshells. The word “Primitive” is sometimes taken by outsiders to mean “backward”, but in context of this division among Baptists, it means “original”. These churches attempt to retain and/or restore primitive (or original) patterns of church life, such as unsalaried ministers, a cappella singing and feet washing [7].

No doubt Dennis O’Briant, John Bryant, and Daniel Prillaman were initially reluctant to take an oath of allegiance because they thought their only loyalty should be to God and not to man. But as the Revolutionary War progressed, the Baptists in Virginia sought to disengage the power of the Anglican Church in the state. According to an article titled “Baptists in the United States”:

There was a sharp [difference] between the austerity of the plain-living Baptists and the opulence of the Anglican planters, who controlled local government. Baptist church discipline, mistaken by the gentry for radicalism, served to ameliorate disorder. The struggle for religious toleration erupted and was played out during the American Revolution, as the Baptists worked to disestablish the Anglican church. Beeman (1978) explores the conflict in one Virginia locality, showing that as population became more dense, the county court and the Anglican Church were able to increase their authority. The Baptists protested vigorously; the resulting social disorder resulted chiefly from the ruling gentry’s disregard of public need. The vitality of the religious opposition made the conflict between ‘evangelical’ and ‘gentry’ styles a bitter one. Kroll-Smith (1984) suggests the strength of the evangelical movement’s organization determined its ability to mobilize power outside the conventional authority structure [8].

In addition to the Baptist resistance to continued Anglican control, there was another factor in the Piedmont area of Virginia and North Carolina that may have changed the minds of Dennis O’Briant, John Bryant and Dennis Prillaman. That factor came in the form of a Tory by the name of David Fanning and in other men like him!

David Fanning was to the American Revolution what William Clarke Quantrill became to the Civil War almost a century later. Born in 1755 to David Fanning in Amelia Co., Virginia, David Fanning was orphaned before he was even born when his father drowned in the Deep River. He eventually moved to North Carolina, where he remained staunchly loyalist in his views. In writing the Biographical History of North Carolina, Ashe had this to say about Fanning:

“David Fanning, one of the most extraordinary men evolved by the Revolutionary War was born bout the year 1756….Gov. Swain…in tracing his career stated that he was born in that part of Johnston County which has since been embraced in Wake, and that he was apprenticed to a Mr. Bryan, from whom he ran away when about sixteen years of age….He was untaught and unlettered, and he had the scald head, that became so offensive that he did not eat at the table with the family; and in subsequent life he wore a silk cap so that his most intimate friends never saw his head naked. (1906. Ashe, Samuel. Biographical History of North Carolina, Vol. V, p.90.)

“…His remorseless rapine and murderous execution were without a parallel. Besides individual hangings and minor encounters, he had participated in thirty-six bloody engagements; and the plantations he had ravaged and despoiled, leaving ruin and suffering in his path, were innumerable. The General Assembly extended amnesty and pardon to all Tories with the exception of three, and Fanning was among those proscribed. His crimes and butcheries were beyond forgiveness.(1906. Ashe, Samuel. Biographical History of North Carolina, Vol. V. p.97.)

“In September 1784, he located near St. John’s, New Brunswick, and later resided at Digby, Nova Scotia where he died in 1825.” (1906. Ashe, Samuel. Biographical History of North Carolina, Vol. V. p.97.)

“During the Revolutionary War, and for several years thereafter, the middle and western counties of North Carolina were infested by lawless bands of Tories and ruffians, who, led by desperate men like David Fanning, pillaged the country, and often slew unprotected persons without mercy. (1917. Ashe, Samuel et al in “Jacob Long,” Biographical History of North Carolina, Vol. VIII, p.287.) [9].

The History of Henry Co., Virginia indicates that during the Revolutionary War, Dennis O’Briant furnished “300 pounds of nett beef” for the Continental Army during the Revolutionary War”[10].

The records are silent about the marriage of John Bryant with [Elizabeth??] O’Briant. However, I have developed a scenario after piecing available records together. Daniel Prillaman married Ann O’Briant in 1777. I believe John Bryant married [Elizabeth??] O’Briant between 1780 and 1785. [Elizabeth??] may have died in childbirth, and I think that she was dead by 1792. On July 10, 1792, Dennis O’Briant, Sr. signed over his plantation to his son-in-law Daniel Prillaman as a deed of gift. John did not remarry until 1802. I could not find any records of surviving children for John and his first wife. Dennis O’Briant, Jr. hadn’t married as yet. And Dennis O’Briant, Sr. appears to have died in early 1793 without a will [11].

Another Bryant appears in Henry County about this period of time: James Bryant, b. before 1765. This James Bryant may have been a younger brother of John Bryant, and decided to join him in Henry County. James Bryant married Sallie Brummett (b. 1768) on July 7, 1788 in Franklin Co., Virginia. She was the daughter of James and Agnes Brummett of Franklin County. The James Bryants moved to Knox Co., Kentucky, where they appear on the tax lists for 1803-1810, as well as on the 1810 Census. They next appear on the 1820 and 1830 Census for Monroe Co., Indiana. The names of their children are not known [12]. A Lewis Bryant also appears in Franklin Co., Virginia Court Records in 1786-1787, both as a jury member and as a participant in some of the actions. He may have been another of John’s brothers and seems to have moved to Bertie Co., North Carolina. According to Bertie, NC Vital Statistics 1700s-1920, Lewis Bryant was born between 1765 and 1784 and he died after 1808 [13].

Dennis O’Briant, Jr., son of Dennis O’Briant, Sr., married Ruth Manier/Maynor in Franklin Co., Virginia September 5, 1792. She was the daughter of Richard Tucker Manier/Maynor and Ann Wright. Richard Manier posted the surety bond [14]. Some records at Ancestry.com indicate that Ruth was born about 1770 in Baltimore, Maryland, and that her family came from there. Dennis and Ruth had two children: Nancy M. O’Briant (m. Levi Martin on February 8, 1808, Franklin Co., Virginia-Daniel Prillaman posted bond) [15] and Richard O’Briant (1795-1850) [16].

Richard Briant married Annie Young Nov. 2, 1815 in Franklin Co., Virginia. James Young posted bond for the marriage. [17] Richard and Anne remained in Franklin County. They had thirteen children:

John Tucker Briant/Bryant, b. Feb. 11, 1827

Mary Briant/Bryant, b. June 14, 1823

Virginia “Janny” Bryant, b. Oct. 26, 1839

Oney Bryant, b. April 16, 1818; d. Feb. 28, 1908

James Madison Bryant, b. Aug. 25, 1847

Elizabeth Bryant, b. Feb. 14, 1825; d. April 22, 1900

Sarah “Sally” Bryant, b. May 13, 1831; d. Dec. 3, 1915 David Bryant, b. Sept. 12, 1828; d. Nov. 11, 1864 (Danville, Virginia)

Eliza Ann Bryant, b. July 9, 1833; d. June 7, 1889 (Huntington, Cobell WV)

Nancy Bryant, b. Feb. 13, 1820; d. March 5, 1913, Carroll Co., VA

Dennis (Briant) Bryant, b. Sept. 7 1816

Charity Elizabeth Bryant, b. Nov. 15, 1836; d. June 7, 1913

Jacob Bryant, b. May 1, 1821; d. Oct. 30, 1916 [18].

Richard Bryant died in 1850/1853 in Franklin Co., Virginia. Some records indicate that he was a doctor.

Dennis O’Briant, Jr. died in late 1801 or in early-to-mid 1802. And on September 6, 1802, John Bryant married Ruth Maynor O’Briant in Franklin Co. Virginia [19]. John and Ruth Maynor Bryant became the parents of Daniel Bryant, father of Adeline Elizabeth Bryant Spence.

Daniel Bryant was born in 1803 to John and Ruth Bryant in Franklin Co., Virginia. His brother David Bryant was born in 1812. John and Ruth Bryant appear as the parents of Nancy Maynor O’Briant on the 1808 Franklin County Marriage Record, but Nancy was really the child of Dennis and Ruth Maynor O’Briant, as was Richard. John and Ruth may have had additional children, but apparently they did not survive.

The records grow silent after 1812 on John and Ruth Bryant. Apparently they remained in Franklin County, but Daniel Prilliman seems to take on the leadership role in the family. John and Ruth may have died by 1815/1820. I cannot find anything more about John and there is no record of Ruth’s remarriage. If their parents had died, Daniel and David would have moved in with other family members. In all likelihood, they lived with the Prillimans until they were old enough to go out on their own. Then the Key and Spencer families moved to Franklin County-an event that would shape the rest of their lives.

Of all these families, the Key family has been the easiest to trace. Lucy Key was born in 1810 to William Wesley Key (1783-abt. 1860) and Susanna Akers (1777-1819) in Franklin Co., Virginia. The Keys originated in Albemarle Co., Virginia. William Wesley Key (who generally used his middle name) married Susanna Akers in Franklin Co. September 3, 1804. His parents were William Key (1751-1808) and Rachel Hansbrough (1760-1807) [20].

On November 17, 1829, Daniel Bryant married Lucy Key in Franklin Co., Virginia. The surety’s name was John Spencer [21]. Two years previously, John Spencer married Rachael Key on November 20, 1827 in Franklin Co., Virginia. The surety was Wesley Key(s) [22]. Then on October 27, 1834, David Bryant married Rachael Spencer in Franklin Co., Virginia. The surety was Wesley Key [23]. Daniel and David Bryant were brothers. Lucy and Rachael Key were sisters. Wesley Key was their father. Rachael Spencer was John Spencer’s daughter from his first marriage. John Spencer’s father was Sharp Spencer (1770-1834). John (b. ca. 1788) was the half-brother of William Spencer (1817-1888)-who would later relocate with the Bryants to Jasper Co., Missouri and who was one of the defendants in the 1880 grand jury investigation in the John Bass Jones murder case!

Sharp Spencer died in Putnam Co. Indiana December 12, 1834 [24]. On September 7, 1835, William Spencer married Jane Angel in Putnam Co., Indiana [25]. [The Franklin Co., Virginia marriage records show a number of Angel and Truelove marriages, so members of Jane’s family must have settled in Franklin.]

The Bryants remained in Franklin County. Daniel and Lucy’s son, John A. Bryant, was born 1830 in Franklin County [26]. I do not have an exact day or month for him. Daniel and Lucy did not keep written records since they could not read or write, as indicated on later census records. The family may have moved to Cumberland Co., Virginia as Adeline Elizabeth Bryant was born there May 27, 1833 [27].

Five years later, the Bryants elected to follow the Spencers to Clinton Tp., Putnam Co., Indiana, where they all appear on the 1840 census record:

Daniel Bryant-Clinton, Putnam—1 m 10-14; 1 m 30-39; 1 m 50-59; 1 f 10-14; 1 f 20-29; Total: 5 David Bryant—-Clinton, Putnam-1 m -5; 1 m 15-19; 1 f 20-29; Total: 3 William Spencer-Clinton, Putnam-1 m -5; 1 m 15-19; 1 f -5; 1 f 20-29; Total: 5 [28].

I don’t know what happened to John Spencer and Rachel Key. They may have moved to Kentucky, or they may have relocated to Ohio. A number of Key family members settled near Dayton.

Lucy’s father, William Wesley Key, a widower by 1830 since his wife died in 1819, lived with the Daniel Bryant family in Putnam County. On the 1900 census record for the Lazarus Spence family in Newton Co., Missouri, Lucy Key Bryant indicated that she had given birth to three children and by 1900, only one of those children survived [29].

In 1843, the Bryants and the Spencers relocated to Jasper County, Missouri and settled near Sarcoxie. David Bryant and his family also accompanied them there. Adeline Elizabeth Bryant Spence’s story is detailed in the first part of this article, so I won’t repeat it here. At the age of 15, she married Lazarus Spence, the son of Samuel and Elizabeth Inman Spence, December 23, 1848 in Jasper County. The 1850 Census for Jasper County shows the following:

Daniel Bryant, age 47, farmer, b. Virginia (unable to read or write) Lucy Bryant, age 40, b. Virginia (unable to read or write) John A. Bryant, age 20, b. Virginia Wesley Key, age 73, b. Virginia (listed as “insane.”) Lazarus Spence, age 24, b. Tennessee Adeline Spence, age 17, b. Virginia.

David Bryant, age 38, b. Virginia (unable to read or write) Rachel Bryant, age 42, b. Virginia (unable to read or write)

William Spencer, age 28, b. Kentucky (unable to read or write) Jane Spencer, age 32, b. Kentucky (unable to read or write) James H. Spencer, age 14, b. Indiana Mary C. Spencer, age 12, b. Indiana Dorcas Spencer, age 10, b. Indiana John A. or H. Spencer, age 9, b. Indiana Minerva J. Spencer, age 6, b. Missouri William D. Spencer, age 4, b. Missouri Milly E. Spencer, age 1, b. Missouri [30].

On September 15, 1858, Daniel Bryant died. He is buried in the Moss Springs Cemetery. Lucy Key Bryant then lived with the Lazarus Spence family, and she appears on the 1860 Jasper County Census with them. By 1860, Wesley Key had died and in all probability, he is buried in the Moss Springs Cemetery. (A discussion of the 1860 Jasper County Census for the William Spencer family is in Part 2 of the Who Killed John Bass Jones? article at this website.) John A. Bryant and David Bryant both appear on the 1860 Census for Jackson Tp., Jasper County, Missouri as follows:

John A. Bryant, age 31, Wagonmaker, b. Virginia

Nancy E. Bryant, age 26, b. Tennessee

Lucy A. Bryant, age 4, b. Missouri

Daniel Bryant, age 3, b. Missouri

Arabella Bryant, age 1, b. Missouri

David Bryant, age 48, b. Virginia

Rachel Bryant, age 50, b. Virginia

Sarah B. Bryant, age 18, b. Indiana [31].

John A. Bryant married Nancy E. Martin in Jasper Co., Missouri September 26, 1852 [32]. She was the daughter of Brice Martin and Nancy Burrus, who were early settlers in Jasper County. Brice Martin was born in 1810 and died in Jasper County in 1846. Nancy Martin Bryant died in Kansas in 1875. The children of John A. Bryant and Nancy Martin were:

Lucy A. Bryant, b. 1854, Jasper Co., Missouri

Daniel Boone Bryant, b. 1856, Jasper Co., Missouri

Arabella Bryant, b. 1860, Jasper Co., Missouri

Frances A. Bryant, b. 1861

William Edward Bryant, b. 1864

John A. Bryant, b. 1867

Charles Bryant, b. 1869

His second wife, Mary Amelia Denniston, was born in 1844. They had a daughter named Mable A. Bryant, who was born in 1875 [33].

Like the Lazarus Spence family, the John A. Bryant, David Bryant, and William Spencer families fled Missouri during the Civil War and relocated to Kansas. William Spencer appears on the Tax records for 1865 in Mound City, Kansas [34].  John A. Bryant appears on the Tax records for Fort Scott, Bourbon Co., Kansas. I imagine Lucy Key Bryant went to Kansas with the John A. Bryant family since Lazarus and Adeline had to “get out of Dodge fast!” John Bryant did not return to Missouri, but remained at Fort Scott, Kansas. He appears on the tax records in Fort Scott for 1865, and he is also on the Census records for 1870 and 1880 [35]. He died in Fort Scott, Bourbon Co., Kansas about 1887 or 1888. I don’t have the exact date of his death.

David Bryant also left Missouri for Kansas and did not return there. He appears on the 1865 Tax Records for Palmyra Tp., Douglas Co., Kansas with the Samuel and Sarah Spence family of Jasper County. (Samuel was a son of Daniel Spence and Mary Polly Pewitt.) Samuel’s brother, Joel and wife Martha are also residing there [36]. (The Spences returned to Jasper County after the war.) David Bryant last appears on the 1870 Census for Palmyra Tp., Douglas Co., Kansas with his wife Rachel [37]. I have no date of death for him, but he would have died before 1880.

William Spencer returned from Mound City, Kansas after the war and settled on his place in Jasper County. A full account of William Spencer is detailed in Part 2 of the Who Shot John Bass Jones? article at this website. I do have additional information concerning his children by his first wife Jane Angel, and will incorporate that information here:

James Harvey Spencer–b. Aug. 9, 1832, Putnam Co., Indiana; d. 1921, Jasper Co., Missouri; buried in Moss Springs; m. (1) Elizabeth Casebolt, Sept. 9, 1858, Jasper Co., Missouri; (2) Elizabeth Jones, Jasper Co., Missouri.

Mary Catherine Spencer-b. abt. 1838, Putnam Co., Indiana; d. July 2, 1912. No additional information.

Dorcus Spencer-b. July 9, 1839, Putnam Co., Indiana; d. March 29, 1918, Sarcoxie, Jasper, Mo (senility); buried in the Dudman Cemetery March 30, 1918; m. Alonzo Decalvis Deming Feb. 25, 1865.

John M. Spencer-b. 1841, probably Indiana. No additional information.

Minerva J. Spencer-b. March 31, 1844, Jasper Co., Missouri; m. Henry C. Shively, Jan. 1, 1874.

William D. Spencer-b. 1846, Jasper Co., Missouri; d. aft. 1870, Jasper Co., Missouri. No additional information.

Millie Emaline Spencer-b. 1848, Jasper Co., Missouri; d. September 2, 1916, Jackson Tp., Jasper Co., Missouri (cancer of the face); buried September 3, 1916, Moss Springs Cemetery. [Note: This daughter appears to never have married. In 1880, she took care of William Spencer’s twin daughters by Elizabeth Ady, as well as his three year-old son William Hayes Spencer-also by Elizabeth.]

Clemantine Spencer-b. 1851, Jasper Co., Missouri. No additional information.

Ananias Spencer-b. 1856, Jasper Co., Missouri; d. Oct. 30, 1936, Jasper Co., Missouri. Buried November

1936. (Location unknown)[38].

(I have no additional information on William Hayes Spencer, b. 1877, Jasper Co., Missouri to William Spencer and Elizabeth Ady. He may have died young. The twin daughters born to William and Elizabeth in May 1880 also disappear from the record.)

After returning to Jasper County from Kansas, Lazarus and Adeline Bryant Spence spent the rest of their days in Jasper County. Their names appeared in The Carthage Press from time to time, such as the following in the issue dated July 14, 1887:

A Relic Returned

During the rebellion, when General Marshall was taken prisoner, his saddle was purchased for $10 by Lazarus Spence of Union Tp, who has kept it in a good state of preservation, except natural wear and tear. Tuesday, the saddle was purchased by our townsman, James Rainwater, who fully boxed it and sent it to John S. Marshall, present Governor of Missouri. He will doubtless prize the same as a relic of the late war [39].

In her 1921 interview in Part 1 of this article, Adeline Spence mentioned two orphaned children she and her husband had taken under their care. Lazarus and Adeline never had children of their own. The 1870 Census for the Lazarus Spence family identifies the names of the orphaned children Lazarus and Adeline raised:

Lazarus Spence, age 46, b. Tennessee

Adeline E. Spence, age 37, b. Virginia

Jesse J. Vermillion, age 16, b. Arkansas

Mary E. Vermillion, age 12, b. Missouri

Martha J. Vermillion, age 9, b. Missouri

Lucy Bryant, age 60, b. Virginia

William Key, age 56, b. Virginia

Susan Key, age 50, b. Indiana [40].

William Key was a younger brother of Lucy Key Bryant and Susan Key was his wife. The two orphaned children who were taken in by the Spences were Mary and Martha Vermillion. Jesse Vermillion, their brother, lived with the Hagerty family in Kansas but by 1870, he moved in with the Spences, no doubt to learn the trade of a blacksmith from Lazarus Spence. They were the children of Hiram F. Vermillion (1820-1860) and Octavia B. Boren (1835-1860) [41].

The son of William Vermillion (b. 1809), Hiram F. Vermillion was born in Tennessee in 1820. He married Octavia B. Boren in Franklin Co., Arkansas on August 1, 1850 [42]. The Vermillions appear on the 1850 Census for Mulberry Tp., Franklin Co., Arkansas [43].

They had the following children:

Jesse John Vermillion, Sr., b. 1853, Arkansas.

James Boren Vermillion, b. 1855, Arkansas

Mary Elizabeth Vermillion, b. 1858, Missouri

Martha J. Vermillion, b. 1860, Missouri [44].

The name of Hiram Vermillion’s mother is not known, but he had a number of sisters and brothers: H. W. Vermillion, b. 1825; Rachael Vermillion, b. 1826; Martha Jane Vermillion, b. 1828; Edward R. B. Vermillion, b. 1832 [45].

Rachael Vermillion married Jonathan Sherman Scripps Hagerty (b. 1824, Old Miller Arkansas) on January 16, 1851 in Franklin Co., Arkansas. By 1860s, the Swaggertys had moved to Mound City, Linn Co., Kansas, where they remained [46]. Rachel died in January 7, 1885, and Jonathan married Sarah Elizabeth Marrs October 25, 1888 in Blue Mound, Linn Co., Kansas. Jonathan died October 18, 1899 in Blue Mound, Kansas [47].

By the late 1850s, a number of families began moving from Arkansas to Kansas, and the route took them to Jasper Co., Missouri. Pioneers often left part of their families in Jasper County while they went on to prepare a place for them to live in Kansas. Such was the case of Hiram W. Vermillion. A number of Hiram’s family members had already relocated to Kansas and had settled in Bourbon County near Fort Scott. Hiram’s brother William appears on the Kansas Election List for the 6th District of Kansas in 1854 [48]. In 1855, William Vermillion appears on the Territorial Census Records for the 6th District [49]. In all likelihood, Hiram moved his family to Jasper County about 1854 or 1855, and then went to Kansas to join his brother.  He returned to Jasper County periodically to see his family.

A fever struck Bourbon County in 1860. It may have been typhoid, cholera, or dysentery, but it claimed the lives of a number of people living in the area. Lydia J. Vermillion, age 37, a housewife, probably the housewife of William Vermillion, died of the fever there in March of that year [50].

On October 1, 1860, Octavia B. Boren Vermillion died in childbirth with her daughter, Martha J., in Jasper County, Missouri. Subsequently, Hiram Vermillion died October 9, 1860 in Jasper County, Missouri[52]. They left the four children: Jesse, James, Mary and Martha. The two boys went to live with their aunt and uncle, Jonathan and Rachel Hagerty in Linn Co., Kansas, [53] while the two girls went to live with Lazarus and Adeline Spence in Jasper County, Missouri [54]. Lazarus and Adeline adopted the girls between 1860 and 1861. The girls’ stories follow:

Mary Elizabeth Vermillion Spence was born March 3, 1858 in Jasper County, Missouri. On June 4, 1877, she married John Adam Shafer (1852-1926) in Newton County, Missouri. Their children were: (a) Charles Edmund Shafer (1877-1926); (b) Fred Austin Shafer (1881-1929); (c) John Lionel Shafer (1885-1953); (d) Earl Silas Shafer (1888-1940); (e) Harry Elbert Shafer (1890-1956). Mary died December 25, 1926 in Joplin, Jasper County, Missouri. She is buried in the Forest Park Cemetery.

Martha Jane Vermillion Spence was born October 1, 1860 in Jasper County, Missouri. On April 23, 1876, she married William Hastings Defries (1855-1938) in Newton County, Missouri. Their children were: (a) Magdalene Defries (b. 1877); (b) William Lazarus Defries (1879-1937); (c) Annie Adeline “Addie” Defries (1882-1968); (d) Jesse James Defries (1885-1960); (e) Ernest Todd Defries (1889-1967); (f) Crystal Audrey Defries (1900-1985).  Martha died in 1915 in Oklahoma and is buried in Bixby.

Information on the two brothers follows:

Jesse John Vermillion lived with the Swagertys in Kansas and then with Lazarus and Adeline Spence in Missouri. He was born in Arkansas in 1853. His wife was Percilla “Ella” C. Clary (1858-1900). Their children were: (a) Mary Ellen “Ella” Vermillion (1880-1975); (b) Jesse John Vermillion, Jr. (1885-1963). Jesse died before 1900 in Kansas.

James Boren Vermillion also lived with the Swagertys in Kansas. He was born in Arkansas in 1855, although his death record says 1857. He never married.  James died July 3, 1930 in Sacramento, California.

Lazarus Spence died November 15, 1902 in Jasper County, Missouri. He is buried in the Moss Springs Cemetery. Adeline Elizabeth Bryant Spence lived to the age of 98 and died January 6, 1931 in Jasper County, Missouri. She is buried beside her husband in the Moss Springs Cemetery, Jasper County, Missouri.

 

References

[1] Cornelius O’Bryan Will, Augusta Co., VA Will Book 1, Page 330.

[2] “Chronicles of the Scotch-Irish Settlement in Virginia, 1745-1800. Extracted from the Original Court Records of Augusta County” by Lyman Chalkley. WB1-394

[3] “Chronicles of the Scotch-Irish Settlement in Virginia, 1745-1800. Extracted from the Original Court Records of Augusta County” by Lyman Chalkley, WB1-130

[4] “Chronicles of the Scotch-Irish Settlement in Virginia, 1745-1800. Extracted from the Original Court Records of Augusta County” by Lyman Chalkley. Book 10-458

[5] Ancestors of Michael Lee Smith. Available at Ancestry.com: http://www.ancestry.com

[6] Daniel Perillaman Public Member Story, Ancestry. com. Available at http://www.ancestry.com

[7] Primitive Baptist Definition. WordIQ.com. Available at http://www.wordiq.com/definition/Primitive_Baptist

[8] “Baptists in the United States.” From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Available at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Baptists_in_the_United_States

[9] “David Fanning,” Western North Carolina Heritage.net. Available at http://www.wncheritage.net/WNC_biography/fanning_david.htm

[10] “History of Henry County, Virginia” p. 321. Available at Ancestry.com: http://www.ancestry.com

[11] Prillaman-Armstrong Family Tree: Alice Virginia Prillaman. Private Member Tree. Available at Ancestry.com: http://www.ancestry.com

[12] Everson, Jr. Family Tree. Available at Ancestry.com. http://www.ancestry.com

[13] Bertie County, North Carolina Vital Statistics about Lewis Bryant, Available at Ancestry.com: http://www.ancestry.com

[14] Marriage Bonds of Franklin County, Virginia for 1786-1858, p. 171. Available at Ancestry.com: http://www.ancestry.com

[15] Marriage Bonds of Franklin County, Virginia for 1786-1858, p. 150. Available at Ancestry.com: http://www.ancestry.com

[16) Maynor Family Tree. Available at Ancestry.com: http://www.ancestry.com

[17] Marriage Bonds of Franklin County, Virginia for 1786-1858. N.p. Available at Ancestry.com: http://www.ancestry.com

[18] Ancestral File Record: Richard Briant/Bryant. Available at FamilySearch.org: http://www.familysearch.org

[19] Marriage Bonds of Franklin County, Virginia for 1786-1858, p. 122. Available at Ancestry.com: http://www.ancestry.com

[20] Key and Allied Families, Mrs. Julian C. Lane. [Database online]. Provo, UT: The Generations Network, Inc., 2005. Available at http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=10335

[21] Marriage Bonds of Franklin County, Virginia for 1786-1858, p. 48. Available at Ancestry.com: http://www.ancestry.com

[22] Marriage Bonds of Franklin County, Virginia for 1786-1858, p. 48. Available at Ancestry.com: http://www.ancestry.com

[23] Marriage Bonds of Franklin County, Virginia for 1786-1858, p. 50. Available at Ancestry.com: http://www.ancestry.com

[24] Riddle Family Tree. Available at Ancestry.com: http://www.ancestry.com

[25] Riddle Family Tree, Available at Ancestry.com: http://www.ancestry.com

[26] Williams Family Tree/Noah Martin, Available at Ancestry.com: http://www.ancestry.com

[27] Ancestors of Rhonda Etter, Available at Ancestry.com: http://www.ancestry.com

[28] 1840 Census, Clinton Tp., Putnam Co., Indiana. Available at Ancestry.com: http://www.ancestry.com

[29] 1900 Census, Marion Tp., Newton Co., Missouri. Available at Ancestry.com: http://www.ancestry.com

[30] 1850 Census, Jackson Tp., Jasper Co., Missouri. Available at Ancestry.com: http://www.ancestry.com

[31] 1860 Census, Jackson Tp., Jasper Co., Missouri. Available at Ancestry.com: http://www.ancestry.com

[32] Bill & Suzy Family Trees. Available at Ancestry.com: http://www.ancestry.com

[33] Williams Family Tree/Noah Martin. Available at Ancestry.com: http://www.ancestry.com; Bill & Suzy Family Trees. Available at Ancestry.com: http://www.ancestry.com

[34] 1865 Mound City, Kansas Tax Records. Available at Ancestry.com: http://www.ancestry.com

[35] 1870 and 1880 Census, Fort Scott, Bourbon Co., Kansas. Available at Ancestry.com: http://www.ancestry.com

[36] 1865 Tax Records, Palmyra Tp., Douglas Co., Kansas. Available at Ancestry.com: http://www.ancestry.com

[37] 1870 Census, Palmyra Tp., Douglas Co., Kansas. Available at Ancestry.com: http://www.ancestry.com

[38] Cloe Family Tree. Available at Ancestry.com: http://www.ancestry.com

[39] “A Relic Returned”, The Carthage Press, July 14, 1887. Available on microfilm: Jasper County Public Library, Carthage, Missouri.

[40] 1870 Census, Jasper County, Missouri. Available at Ancestry.com: http://www.ancestry.com

[41] Dillman Family Tree, Available at Ancestry.com: http://www.ancestry.com

[42] Dillman Family Tree, Available at Ancestry.com: http://www.ancestry.com

[43] 1850 Census, Mulberry Tp., Franklin Co., Arkansas. Available at Ancestry.com: http://www.ancestry.com

[44] Dillman Family Tree, Available at Ancestry.com: http://www.ancestry.com

[45] Dillman Family Tree, Available at Ancestry.com: http://www.ancestry.com

[46] 1860 Census, Mound City, Kansas, Available at Ancestry.com: http://www.ancestry.com

[47] Pool-Swagerty-Landrum-Shockley Family Tree. Available at Ancestry.com: http://www.ancestry.com

[48] 1854 Kansas Election List, 6th District: William Vermillion. Available at Ancestry.com: http://www.ancestry.com

[49] 1855 Kansas Territorial Census, 6th District: William Vermillion. Available at Ancestry.com: http://www.ancestry.com

[50] U. S. Federal Mortality Schedules Index, 1860, Bourbon Co., Kansas: Lydia J. Vermillion. Available at Ancestry.com: http://www.ancestry.com

[51] 1860 Census, Raysville, Bourbon Co., Kansas. Available at Ancestry.com: http://www.ancestry.com

[52] Pool-Swagerty-Landrum-Shockley Family Tree. Available at Ancestry.com: http://www.ancestry.com

[53] 1870 Census, Linn Co., Kansas, John Swagerty Family. Available at Ancestry.com: http://www.ancestry.com

[54] 1870 Census, Jasper Co., Missouri, Lazarus Spence Family. Available at Ancestry.com: http://www.ancestry.com

 

 

 

 

 

The Country of Six Bulls: Adeline Elizabeth Bryant Spence (1833-1931)—Part 1

Taken at Fort Garland, Colorado, April 25, 2015

Pioneer Sculpture. Photo taken at Fort Garland, Colorado, April 25, 2015

 

“The Country of the Six Bulls.-The earliest name known to have been affixed to this region, was that of the “Country of the Six Bulls.” All the earliest settlers knew it by that title. The origin of the name is somewhat involved in mystery. It might naturally be supposed that it originated with the Indians, and the tradition has been handed down that the Indians, at an early period, killed somewhere in this region six lusty buffalo bulls, remarkable for their strength and fierceness, and from this circumstance the scene of their valorous exploit was ever afterward known as the Country of the Six Bulls. It has been justly remarked, however, that this explanation would seem more plausible if we had the name in the Indian language instead of such plain and unmistakable Saxon(1).”

***

“BACKGROUND HISTORY OF Missouri, previously the 6 Bulls Indian Confederation. 1541 AD 6 Bulls was by treaty placed under the Sovereign of Spain by Desoto. By 1800 AD, 6 Bulls Sovereignship was force ceded to France. Then 1802/3 – 6 Bulls Sovereignship was ceded to the USA for consideration of 15 million dollars. 1802/3 AD to 1812 AD, – 6 Bulls under the sovereign of the USA. 1804 it was divided and organized into “Orleans Territory” and the remainder was “Louisiana regions” annexed to Illinois District annexed to Indiana Territory, (the Louisiana regions embraced what is today’s Dallas County, Mo), during this time, in 1808, the Osage sold and ceded 6 Bulls, to her sovereign the USA. But with in a year, the Indians of 6 Bulls, tried to overturn this treaty, and when unsuccessful, declared a war that lasted to 1828(2).”

***

 

Adeline Elizabeth Bryant was born May 27, 1833 in Cumberland County, Virginia to Daniel Bryant (1803-1858) and Lucy Key (1810-1903). She died January 6 1931 in Diamond, Newton County, Missouri.  She married my third great-uncle, Lazarus Spence (1825- 1902), in December 1848 in Jasper Co,.Missouri. The Bryants had relocated from Putnam Co., Indiana in 1843 and settled in the “Country of Six Bulls.” The Bryants were among the early pioneers in the Jasper/Newton County area.

I first encountered Adeline in Summer 1955 while spending a week with my grandparents in Marion, Iowa. Typical of many summers in Iowa, it was too hot to move. So my grandmother, Oda Elizabeth Hopper Spence (1894-1981), began looking around for quiet activities to keep me occupied.

“Would you like to read something?” she asked. “I have it up in my trunk.”

I followed her upstairs to the huge trunk sitting on the floor of her closet. I watched as she raised the lid and moved a few papers. Then she pulled out an old newspaper clipping.

“You can sit at the dining room table and copy it if you like,” she told me.

“Who was Adeline Spence?” I asked after sitting down at the table.

“She was married to Daddy’s great uncle!” she told me.

(She always referred to my Grandfather Spence as Daddy!)

I spent an hour hand-copying that news story in ink. When I returned home, I put it inside a notebook and forgot about it for a long time. Years later when Howard, Brian and Debbie and I were “snowed-in” for a month in Missouri, I discovered that old notebook at the bottom of a box. Then I typed the  handwritten story and put it inside another notebook for safe-keeping.

This news story and another clipping became the foundation for my Spence research years later.

The following is Adeline Elizabeth Bryant Spence’s story taken from The Carthage Press, Jasper Co., Missouri September 7, 1922.(3)

* * *

 

She Came Here in 1843

Among the persons who can be considered “old settlers” in real earnest is Mrs. Adeline Spence who lives on the Carthage-Neosho road a short distance south of the Jasper-Newton county line.

“I was born in Virginia in 1833,” Mrs. Spence remarked a few days ago in answer to enquiries, “and when I was five years old my parents moved to Indiana. After living in Indiana five years, my father Daniel Bryant, decided to come to Missouri and so we did, I being ten years old at the time, this being in 1843. There were many oxen in those days but my father always drove horses and it was in a spring hack, known as a carry-all that we came, driving by way of St. Louis and then down. Missouri did not look very good to me during that trip but when we arrived in Jasper County it was more pleasant and my father rented a farm on Jenkins Creek about two and a half miles southeast of where the Old Settlers Picnic Grounds now are. The place, now known as the Paxton Place was owned by a man named Moore, who lived in Little Rock, Ark, and there was already a house and some improvements on the ground. Here we went to farming and lived about six years. The country was new then but there were a good many people here before we came, some of them having been here long enough to have bearing orchards. Samuel Spence then owned about 300 acres of ground including what is now the Old Settler picnic grounds and Daniel Spence owned what later became the Moss farm just east of it.

 

Wild Game of Pioneer Days

“The country was full of game in those days and the ground being new produced all kinds of crops abundantly. People were sociable, anxious to do right and to extend a helping hand to their neighbors and despite the fact that people worked hard in that early day I believe that they were much happier than people are at present. My brother and I used to trap quail and prairie chicken of which there was a great number. We made slatted traps something like a chicken coop, placed corn inside and then would get long straps and round up quail. The birds would run from us and we would herd them toward the trap and eventually a number of them would be enticed in by the corn. Then we had them. Prairie chickens were also often caught in our traps, but these were enticed in by the corn; we could not drive them like we could the quail.

“Deer was plentiful and venison, prepared just like we prepare beef these days, was common. Venison was very good but personally I always thought that beef was a more palatable meat. My brother, John A. Bryant, who was quite small, was fond of hunting and soon after we came managed to trade for an old heavy-barreled, flint-lock rifle. There really was not much more than the barrel and lock to the gun when he got it as the stock was all worn out and broken. Carthage had not been founded yet and he took the gun to Sarcoxie and gave someone there a dried venison ham to fit a new stock to it. Soon after he came back with his new gun he killed a deer and then he was extremely proud. Deer skins brought a fair price even then but later it became much better.

 

Bees–and Indians

“Everybody had bees in those days and honey was on almost every table every meal. There were many wild bees but people soon began to capture the wild swarms and they quickly became tame. The ordinary form of bee gum was a hollow tree sawed into short sections. These sections were set on end and the bees took to them readily which was not surprising inasmuch as these resembled the natural bee trees that they would have chosen. In getting out the honey we blew smoke in the top of the section of hollow log. This forced the bees to go down and we would dip the top of the honey. Then we forced in more smoke and made the bees go still lower. Then we dug out another part of it, and so on.

“On two occasions Indians came to the house. The first time about a dozen Osage–all men–camped on Jenkins creek a short distance north of our house and all came down to the dwelling frightening all of us children, and I expect my mother also, very much. If they had guns or bows and arrows they left them at the camp before they came to see us but all of them had big knives which they displayed freely. My father had a grindstone just outside the door and all of them sharpened their knives on this. They came in the house and looked around curiously, but hardly said a word. Finally they went away without having bothered us at all other than giving us a scare. They were of course friendly Indians and were acting only in the natural Indian manner. Another band called on us later but we knew how to take them and they did not worry us.

“In 1848, two days before Christmas I was married to Lazarus Spence, I being at that time fifteen years old, and we moved over on Jones Creek east of where Haggard’s store now stands. We lived here peaceably enough until the war broke out, my husband farming and also doing some blacksmith work.

Early Days of the War

“We were union sympathizers when the war came up and I well remember the sensation that was caused in this section when Colonel Sigel and his union soldiers marched down in this section to Neosho. The news that the Yankees had come spread like wildfire all over the country and all the union men were delighted and anxious to see them. My husband, my brother and a number of others hauled a load of corn apiece to Neosho to give to Sigel, thus incidentally getting a chance to get a look at the soldiers. This was not an unnatural thing to do but it caused every one that did it to be a marked man and made life in the community thereafter unsafe for them. After Sigel marched north, fought the southerners at Carthage and went back east again this section was full of soldiers of the Missouri state guard. They were at our house frequently and bought food stuffs and required my husband to shoe horses for them. They always paid for this work and for whatever they took but they paid in confederate currency which was not worth the paper it was printed on and did not do us any good.

 

Visited by Guerillas

“After those soldiers had gone we had frequent visits from bushwhackers. At first these were all right, treating us courteously, paying in confederate money for the things they took. Soon they became worse and life became unsafe for the people of union sympathy. My husband had a good rifle but for fear that someone would take it from him he kept it hid most of the time out in the grass. One day three heavily armed men rode by our house, out into our lot, caught three horses and made off with them, coming riding calmly by the house again leading the animals. Mr. Spence was furious and it was with difficulty that I prevented him from rushing out for his rifle but if he had done so he would have been killed and he eventually let them go unhindered. They went down to the house of Miles Stacey, a tenant of ours and a southern sympathizer and there changed saddles to our horses and rode away, leading the mounts on which they had come.

“After this my husband kept his rifle in the house. Upstairs the wall inside the house did not reach quite to the ceiling. He kept a piece of string tied to his rifle and kept it hung between the inner and outer wall on a nail down in the exterior surface of the inner wall. No one knew of this place except the family and Miles Stacey but Stacey frequently borrowed the gun and when through with it brought it back and replaced it. One day a dozen or so bushwhackers who were said to live near Granby came to our house. Mr. Spence, knowing he would probably be killed if they found him, was hiding out and I was there alone when they came. They pushed in the door but would not say anything to me but went upstairs and soon came down again, carrying a number of blankets and my husband’s rifle. He was so fond of this gun that I knew he would feel its loss keenly and I grabbed hold of it and tried to jerk it out of the bushwhacker’s hands. He jerked it away from me and all went outside. They took three more horses out of the lot, this being all we had except one unbroken two-year-old that was out in the brush and started off. Miles Stacey came out and argued with them, asking that we be left one horse so they finally brought back one of the three. We always thought that Miles Stacey had told where the rifle was hidden but we were glad that he saved at least one horse for us.

Flight to Kansas

“The situation seemed to be getting worse instead of better and on December 23, 1861 we loaded out possessions on a wagon, hitched up the horse the bushwhackers had left us and the hitherto unbroken colt and started out for Fort Scott. My husband was sick with the measles and so were the two orphan children that we had taken in charge but rather than risk death any longer where we were we started, Mr. Spence, sick as he was sitting in front of the wagon with his feet hanging out and the two children rolling on couches that we had made behind for them. On Christmas day we were in Dry Wood in Barton county and on account of the three sick we stopped here for two days, then went on to Fort Scott and stayed in that vicinity during the war. Joshua Stacey, a brother of Miles but a union man and another neighbor named Waggoner, went to Fort Scott with us and enlisted in the army as soon as they arrived there.

“As soon as the war was over we returned from Kansas and went back on our old farm. I was afraid to come back on account of the bushwhackers that I feared would still be here but all were gone and we lived on in peace. Some years after the war we moved to a farm just south of the Newton county line. I have thus been in the same immediate neighborhood for 79 years save for the period I was in Kansas during the war.”

This story is continued in Part 2

 

References

(1) HISTORY OF JASPER COUNTY, MISSOURI–1876 Atlas Pages 2-3. Copied from: Greene County Archives Bulletin Number Forty-three; Heritage County Atlas Reprints Volume 6 An Illustrated Historical Atlas Map of Jasper County, Mo. Published by Brink, McDonough & Co., 1876

(2) Jo Harris Fischer, “Dallas County, Missouri: Background History of Missouri.” Copyright: 2001. Missouri GenWeb.org Website. Date Accessed: 13 Oct 2015. Available online at http://www.mogenweb.org/dallas/Missouri_land_history.html

(3) “She Came Here in 1843: Mrs. Adeline Spence Talks of Early Days: Gives Interesting recital of Conditions and Events Preceding the War and In 1861.” The Carthage Press: Old Settlers Edition. September 7, 1922.

Elisha Spence: Part Three–Who were Amos B. Spence (1800-bef 1850) and Mary Elizabeth Bright (1805-1872)?–The Conclusion

Randolph County, Arkansas Courthouse, from the Wikipedia Common Files: "Randolph County Arkansas Courthouse" by Calvin Beale - USDA photo at this website. Licensed under Public Domain via Commons - https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Randolph_County_Arkansas_Courthouse.jpg#/media/File:Randolph_County_Arkansas_Courthouse.jpg

Randolph County, Arkansas Courthouse, from the Wikipedia Common Files: “Randolph County Arkansas Courthouse” by Calvin Beale – USDA photo at this website. Licensed under Public Domain via Commons – https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Randolph_County_Arkansas_Courthouse.jpg#/media/File:Randolph_County_Arkansas_Courthouse.jpg

WHAT???!!!”

My exclamation when I discovered something recently! My discovery compelled me to research and write this final article, adding this series’ conclusion at the end. By accident I stumbled across a host–and I mean a host–of people who think that Levi James Spence (1801-1843)–the second son of Elisha Spence and his first wife Susanna Spencer–had a wife named Mary!

He did not!

After I stopped hyperventilating, I looked at the records to see where these people were getting their inspiration. And yes, there was a Mary E. Spence, born in 1805–a widow–living in Weakley County, Tennessee, who appears on the 1850 Census!(1).  Levi Spence (1801-1843) last appears on the 1840 Census for Weakley County, Tennessee(2). So I suppose it was natural for people to assume that Levi was Mary’s deceased husband.

No, it didn’t happen that way!

I have already written about Levi Spence, so I will place a link to his article HERE! Levi James Spence had one wife and only one wife by the name of Elizabeth Gray! He followed her all the way from Tennessee to North Carolina, married her in North Carolina, lived with her in North Carolina until about 1830, and then they moved to Tennessee. They were in Madison County, Tennessee in 1830 and by 1840, they were in Weakley County, where they appear on the census. Levi died in Weakley County in 1843, and Elizabeth moved to Kentucky where she spent the rest of her life with their children. Levi did not have two families at the same time, as some people may argue. His wife was Elizabeth Gray and his children were those by her.

So who was Mary E. Spence, born 1805?

Her children’s names were quite similar to those in the Spence family, so she had to be related somewhere. In the end, I had to thank those people who mixed up Levi with Mary because they enabled me to make connections on another Spence line I have been researching for a long time.

 

Amos B. Spence (1800-bef 1850)

I mentioned Amos in my first article in this Spence series . Rather than go back and update it, I will place a link to it HERE so that people can see where I was back then and compare it with where I am now. I have wondered about Amos Spence for years after discovering him on a microfilm of the 1820 Census at the Denver Public Library. He appears on the 1820 Census for Perry County, Tennessee with Jordan Spence, whom I later determined to be his brother!(3)  I also determined, as noted in the earlier article, that Amos and Jordan were brothers of William Spence (1795-1869), who married Phoebe Forehand. Once I dove into this study, William and Jordan were easy to find. But for a long time, Amos seemed to disappear from the records. And I presumed he had died after the 1820 Census.

He didn’t!

What follows is an updated version of the story.

Amos, Jordan and William Spence were sons of Edward Spence (1764-1802) and Esther Pearce (1765-1800), grandsons of Greaves Spence (1742-1803) and his wife Elizabeth, who died in 1786; and great grandsons of James Spence (1702-1753) and Elizabeth Greaves (Graves) (1707-1755). They were second great grandsons of James Spence (1674-1740) and Esther Booth (1674-1715) and third great grandsons of David Spence (1639-1679) and Ann Roe (1640-1711). In other words, they connect with the Elisha Spence branch of the family. Elisha Spence’s father William Edward Spence (1722-1785) was a son of James Spence (1702-1753) and Elizabeth Greaves (1707-1755) and, therefore, a brother of Greaves Spence (1742-1803).

In addition, Greaves and Elizabeth Spence had another son whose family is going to be drawn into this: Edward Spence’s older brother James Spence (1761-1828). James’ wife was Rhoda McBride (1761-1850). Their children were: (a) Caleb Spence, born 1780; (b) Daniel Spence (1780-1848); (c) Caleb Spence (1800-1845); (d) Rencher Spence (1808-1868) [NOTE: Some people combine Caleb and Rencher and call him Caleb Rencher Spence]; (e) Almond Spence (1811-1872); (f) Enoch J. Spence (1813-1854).

Daniel Spence (1780-1848) married Elizabeth Betsy Koen (1792-1865). Their children were: (a) Abel Spence (1810-1884); (b) Wilson Spence (1814-1872);  (c) Daniel Baxter Spence (1817-1891) [NOTE: Daniel Baxter Spence’s story will be told later. I am introducing him here]; (d) Mary Polly Spence (1827-1850); (e) Susan Temple Spence (1830-1912); (f) Abraham (Abe) Spence–nothing else is known.

The children of Greaves Spence and Elizabeth follow:

  1. James Spence (1761-1828). James was born in Pasquotank County, North Carolina, and he died October 1828 in Pasquotank. He has been previously discussed. His grandson, Daniel Baxter Spence (187-1891) will be discussed later.
  2. Edward Spence (1764-1802). The subject under discussion here.
  3. Mark Spence (1794-1822). Mark was born in Camden County, North Carolina, and he died in 1822, when his estate was entered for probate March 5, 1822 in Camden County(4). According to his probate file, his wife’s name was Parthenia, and his daughter’s name was Elizabeth.
  4. Noah Spence (1794-1821). Noah was born in Camden County, North Carolina in 1794, and he died in Camden County in May 1821(5). According to his probate file, he had a son named John Spence, Jr. His wife’s name is unknown.
  5. Rhoda Spence, born 1830. I have no additional information.

The children of Edward Spence (1764-1802) and Esther Pearce (1765-1800) follow:

  1. Abner Spence (1786-1865). Abner was born January 4, 1786 in Camden County, North Carolina, and he died May 8, 1865 in Franklin County, Arkansas. His first wife was Nancy Amanda Burnham (1767-1820). Their children were:  (a) Edward Spence (b. 1806); (b) Charles Spence (b. 1810); (c) Margaret Spence (1820-1854). His second wife was Polly Green, who died in 1854. Their children were: (a) Lucy J. Spence (b. 1830); (b) Abner F. Spence (b. 1831); (c) Nancy A. Spence (b. 1834); (d) William A. Spence (b. 1836); (e) Esther Spence (b. 1845). According to Abner’s probate file, which was filed in Franklin County, Arkansas January 20, 1866, Abner died in Franklin County May 8, 1865(6). Abner moved around quite a bit. He married his second wife Polly Green in Madison, Alabama September 2, 1825(7). He was in Greene County, Missouri in 1833(8). He was in Polk County, Missouri in 1850(9). And he died in Franklin County, Arkansas.
  2. Rebecca Spence, who was born in 1788. I have no additional information.
  3. Jordan Pearce Spence (1792-1868). Jordan appeared in the Weakley County, Tennessee article about William Spence (1809-1858). He lived in Weakley County while exploring other options. Jordan was born in Camden County, North Carolina in 1792, and he died in 1868 in Henderson, Rusk County, Texas. His wife was Delilah/Delila Duncan Bidles (1795-1870). Their children were: (a) Parthenia Spence (b.1817); (b) Elizabeth Spence (1821-1892); (c) Margaret Spence (b. 1821); (d) Harvey Byron Spence (1826-1883); (e) Abner Spence (b. 1831); (f) Wilson Spence (1834-1870); (g) Ira Jordan Spence (1837-1922). Jordan and Amos Spence were very close and traveled together. I will go more into their travels in the section below pertaining to Amos. For Jordan’s section,  I have compiled a list by year, place and location for Jordan Spence. Amos was with him through some of those experiences:

*1792–Camden County, NC: Jordan was born

*1812–Davidson County, TN: Jordan was a private in 1 Reg’t Mounted Gunmen (Williamson’s), Tennessee Volunteers. Elisha Spence was on a militia roster in Davidson County, Tennessee.

*1818–Jordan married Delila Duncan Biddles (1795-1870) in Tennessee

*1820–Jordan and Amos appear on the 1820 Census, Perry County, Tennessee

*1830–Jordan was in Kentucky. (He had a total of five Kentucky Land Grants)

*1831–Jordan was in Tennesse, where his son, Abner, was born

*1834–Jordan was in Kentucky, where his son, Wilson, was born

*1836–Earliest record for Jordan in Texas. He was no doubt exploring there.

*1837–Jordan was back in Tennessee, this time in Weakley County,  where his son–Ira Jordan was born.

*1838–Jordan was still in Weakley County, Tennessee, where he appears on the tax records

*1840–Jordan was in District 13, Weakley County, Tennessee, where he appears on the Census.

*1846–Jordan was in Fannin County, Texas, where he appears on the Tax List

*1850–Jordan appears on the Tax List in Bonham, Fannin, Texas

*1850–Still a resident of Weakley County, Tennesse, Jordan was already buying property in Texas

*1850–Jordan was living in District 13, Weakley County, Tennessee, according to the Census

*1854–Jordon bought property in Johnson County, Kentucky

*1860–Jordan appears on the Tax Records for Fannin County, Texas

*1860–Jordan moved to Texas, where he appears on the 1860 Census for Beat 14, Rusk County, Texas

*1867–Jordan appears on the Voter Lists for Fannin County, Texas

*1868–Jordan dies in Henderson, Rusk County, Texas.

4. Cary Spence (1792-1861). Cary was born about 1792 in Camden County, North Carolina, and he died about 1861 in Camden County, North Carolina. His first wife was Sally Burnham, and his second wife was Polley Spence. His child by Sally Burnham was Cary Spence, born 1822. His children by his second wife were George Spence, born 1835, and Margarett Spence, born 1840. Cary’s estate was entered for probate September 9, 1861 in Camden County, North Carolina(10).

5. Sally Spence (b. 1793). Sally was born February 20, 1793 in Camden County, North Carolina. I have no additional information.

6. William Spence (1795-1869). William’s story is set out in the first article in this series. To access it, click HERE.

7. Mark Spence (1797-1865). Mark was born September 10, 1797 in Camden County, North Carolina, and he died January 18, 1865 in Finley, Dyer County, Tennessee. His wife was Margaret Edney (1798-1870). Their children were: (a) Mary E. Spence (1798-1870); (b) George E. Spence (1821-1879); (c) Ann Rebecca Spence (1824-1887); (d) Penelope Elizabeth Spence (1829-1919); (e) Harriet Eleanor Spence (1831-1864); (f) E. Sophronia Spence, b. 1832; (g) John E. Spence, b. 1836.

8. Amos B. Spence (1800-1845/50). Under discussion here.

Amos B. Spence (1800-1845/50) was born about 1800 in Camden County, North Carolina, and he died between 1845 and 1850 in District 13, Weakley County, Tennessee. He was the youngest child of Edward and Esther Pearce. Esther probably died after giving birth to him. The records are silent about Amos until 1820. In all likelihood, he was taken into another household since his father died just two years later.  The identity of that household is open for speculation. However, given the events that take place later, I believe he was taken into the James Spence (1768-1828)-Rhoda McBride (1761-1850) household.  They were introduced previously. James was Edward’s older brother. Amos was an interesting figure to the younger Spences. They either called him Amos or Uncle Amos. And he retained a close association with his brother, Jordan Spence. Amos remained in North Carolina when Jordan and another brother William set out for Tennessee with other family members. I believe that Jordan and William were part of the Elisha Spence migration because they all appear in Davidson County, Tennessee about the same period of time. Amos joined them there about 1818 or 1819.

Amos married in Tennessee shortly after his arrival. I do not know her name, nor do I know the county where they married. It is possible he married her just before leaving North Carolina. His first act in Tennessee was to reconnect with his brothers.  William arrived in the Harpeth, Davidson County, Tennessee in 1810, and he married Phoebe Forehand (1802-1878) in Davidson County, Tennessee on October 24, 1820(11).  After that, they appear to have divided their time between Davidson and Hickman Counties. After the deaths of the parents, William went to live with Samuel Spence and Julien Gray/Gray. William bonded with their family and appears to have followed Brittain to Davidson County.  Amos reconnected with Jordan.

Jordan and Amos appear together in the 1820 Census for Perry County, Tennessee(12). [I knew they had to be brothers when I saw the two of them together on the Census!]  Amos appears with his wife and with a daughter under five, who would have been an infant in 1820. The wife and the daughter both died about 1825. Devastated, Amos returned to North Carolina, his thirst for the wilderness gone!

He probably returned to the James Spence household. Their oldest son Daniel Spence (1780-1848) had married Elizabeth “Betsy” Koen (1792-1865), and they had three sons: Abel, Wilson, and Daniel Baxter Spence (1817-1891). Young Daniel Baxter will reappear in Amos Spence’s life later. Upon his return to the Pasquotank/Camden area, Amos reconnected with another person he remembered from Tennessee: Elisha Spence’s second oldest son, Levi James Spence (1801-1843)! Levi returned to North Carolina about 1820 in pursuit of a young woman he loved. Her name was Elizabeth Gray (1804-1883), and she was the daughter of Thornton Gray (1775-1830) and Mary Frances Porter (1785-1819). As stated in the opening, Elizabeth Gray was the only wife of Levi Spence! They were married in New Hanover, Pasquotank, North Carolina in 1824.

One day, Levi invited Amos to travel down to Lenoir County with him. He wanted Amos to meet the people he lived with when he first returned to North Carolina. They were looking for someone to move into a cabin on their property, the same cabin where he lived. And that’s how Amos met the Bright family and his future wife: Mary Elizabeth Bright (1805-1872).

 

The Bright (Brite) Family

Mary Elizabeth Bright (1805-1872) was born in Tennessee in 1805. Her brother Hollowell Bright (1808-1870) was born in North Carolina after their family returned there from Tennessee. Their parents apparently died in North Carolina. I do not know their names, but Mary and Hollowell were raised by a prominent Bright family in the Lenoir/Craven/Dobbs/Pitt area. I believe Hollowell was born in Pasquotank or in Camden County, North Carolina, since a large Bright/Brite family lived there as well. The Pasquotank/Camden Brights connect with the Lenoir/Dobbs/Craven/Pitt Brights as distant cousins.

Her adoptive parents, Simon Bright III (1764-1820) and Sarah Nancy Green (1768-1818) were deceased by the time Amos met Mary. She was living with her brother in Lenoir County: Hollowell Bright (1808-1870), and he is another figure who will come back into the picture later.

The Brights (Brites) were members of an old family that had been in Pasquotank, Lenoir, Dobbs, Craven and Pitt County for some time. The spelling of the name changes between Bright and Brite. Elisha Spence’s brother, Joseph Spence (1774-1841) married a Susan Bright in Pasquotank County, North Carolina January 27, 1828. There were other Spence-Bright marriages over the years. Mary and Hollowell Bright were the orphaned children raised by Simon Bright III (1764-1820) and Sarah Nancy Green (1768-1818). Simon was the son of Capt. Simon Bright, Jr. (1734-1799) and Elizabeth Graves (1738-1799)[probably the same Graves/Greaves family that intermarried with the Spences], the grandson of Col. Simon Bright, Sr. (1699-1777) and Mary Elizabeth Graves (b. 1715), the great-grandson of John Bright, Jr. (1680-1720) and Elizabeth Hill (1680-1744); and the second great-grandson of the immigrant–John Bright (1640-1682)(13). 

John Bright “The Immigrant” was born in England in 1640, and he settled in Albemarle Precinct, North Carolina, where he died in 1682. His wife’s name was Eleanor. They had three sons: (a) Richard Bright, Sr (1670-1740); (b) Henry Bright, Sr. (1670-1737); and John Bright, Jr (1680-1720). [Note: I am beginning to understand where the names Henry and Frances originated. They were Bright names!]

Col. Simon Bright, Sr. (1699-1777), is regarded as a Revolutionary War Patriot. According to SAR Application 93084:

Simon Bright II was a member of the First Provincial Congress which met at New Bern, N.C. August 25, 1774 from Dobbs County. “Wheeler’s History” page 65, Vol. 2; Col. Records, Vol. X, p. 187. Also, of every other Provincial Congress from above date to the Constitutional Convention at Halifax, November 12, 1776 to form a Bill of Rights and Constitution for a new state (Col. Records, Vol. X; Wheeler’s History, Vol. 2 “With the names of these men of said Provincial Congress is associated the most unsullied patriotism, uncalculating resistance to oppression of chivalric daring.” Wheeler’s History, Vol. 2, p. 66.

Captain Simon Bright II was appointed Captain of Militia of 2d Reg., Richard Caswell, Commander, August 1775 and resigned one year later to attend Provincial Congress Nov. 12, 1776. In Feb. 1776 occurred the Battle of Moore’s Creek Bridge in which Loyalists under McDonald were defeated by Caswell (Wheeler’s Hist. p. 67). The names of these officers are particularly noticeable as these were called into active service out of the state in the Continental Line (Wheeler’s Hist., p. 72). This battle (Moore’s Creek) was most important in its effects. Had the Tories affected a union with Clinton the whole country would have been at their mercy. (Wheeler’s Hist., p. 78).

Simon Bright was a signer of the Test. Oath at Hillsboro, N.C. in 1775.    Col. Records., Vol. X(14)

Simon died in Dobbs County in 1777. His will was entered for probate that same year(15).

***

Amos Spence and Mary Elizabeth Bright were married in Lenoir County, North Carolina about 1827 or 1828. And about 1828, Levi Spence and Amos Spence began making plans to return to Tennessee.  Jordan Spence was still in Tennessee but was making plans to move to Kentucky. Sometime in late 1828 or in very early 1829, Amos B. Spence appears on the tax list for Davidson County, Tennessee(16). [Note: His name has been transcribed as Aries B. Spence, but when you look at the original, it definitely reads “Amos B. Spence.”]  Levi Spence appears on the 1830 Census for Madison County, Tennessee(17). Jordan Spence was in Kentucky in 1830 and moved back and forth between Kentucky and Tennessee.  From the summary above:

*1830–Jordan was in Kentucky. (He had a total of five Kentucky Land Grants)

*1831–Jordan was in Tennessee, where his son, Abner, was born

*1834–Jordan was in Kentucky, where his son, Wilson, was born

*1836–Earliest record for Jordan in Texas. He was no doubt exploring there.

*1837–Jordan was back in Tennessee, this time in Weakley County,  where his son–Ira Jordan was born.

*1838–Jordan was still in Weakley County, Tennessee, where he appears on the tax records

*1840–Jordan was in District 13, Weakley County, Tennessee, where he appears on the Census.

I have an idea that both Amos and Levi were traveling back and forth between Tennessee and Kentucky during the same period of time and that Amos and Levi both ended up in District 13 in Weakley County, Tennessee in 1840 with Jordan.

In 1841, Hollowell Bright (Mary Bright Spence’s brother) first appears on the Tennessee tax records in Haywood County, Tennessee(18). [NOTE: I should mention here that another Bright settled in Haywood County at the same time–a minister by the name of Johnston Eaton Bright (1807-1878), who was born in Norfolk, Virginia. At this point, I do not know whether he was connected with Hollowell’s family, although he may have been distantly related. His Bright family first settled in Princess Anne and moved to Kentucky. Some people think his family started out in Boston and moved to Virginia from there. That is a possibility. But there are those who also believe that they connect with the North Carolina Brights.] Hollowell Bright did not arrive in Haywood County alone. He was accompanied by his wife Mary “Polly” (1803-1881), and Daniel Baxter Spence (1817-1891)! Of course, Amos and Mary were happy to reconnect with Hollowell and Daniel and to meet Polly. Hollowell Bright appears on the 1850 Census for Haywood County as follows:

Name Hollowell Bright
Age 42
Birth Year 1808
Birthplace North Carolina
Home in 1850 District 5, Haywood, Tennessee
Gender Male
Family Number 1168
Household Members
Name Age
Hollowell Bright 42
Mary Bright 47
Daniel Spence 30 (19)

The 1860 Census for Haywood County shows the following about Hollowell Bright:

Name Holloway Bright
Age 52
Birth Year 1808
Gender Male
Birth Place North Carolina
Home in 1860 Brownsville, Haywood, Tennessee
Post Office Brownsville
Family Number 312
Household Members
Name Age
Holloway Bright 52
Polly Bright 57 (20)

Hollowell’s name has been spelled Hollowell, Hallowell, Halloway, Holloway, which has made tracing him difficult. According to his Find-a-Grave Memorial, he was born May 4, 1808 in North Carolina, and he died February 1, 1870 in Haywood County, Tennessee. He is buried in the Betts Cemetery, Haywood, Tennessee(21). His wife Mary E. “Polly” (Bright) was born May 3, 1803, and she died December 5, 1881. She is buried beside her husband in the Betts Cemetery, Haywood, Tennessee(22). It does not appear that they had any children.

The Children of Amos B. Spence and Mary E. Bright

Amos B. Spence died in Weakley County, Tennessee between 1845 and 1850 before the 1850 Census was taken. His widow Mary E. appears on the 1850 Census in Weakley County with her family in District 13. Jordan Spence still resided in Weakley; however, he was planning to move to Texas. Daniel Baxter Spence resided with Hollowell Bright in 1850, but he eventually moved in with Mary to help her with her farm.

The children of Amos B. and Mary Bright Spence follow:

  1. John Wesley Spence (1831-1863). John was born about 1831 in Tennessee, and he died about 1863 during the Civil War. John’s probate record follows:
Name John W Spence
Probate Date 5 Aug 1863
Probate Place Randolph, Arkansas, USA
Inferred Death Year Abt 1863
Inferred Death Place Arkansas, USA
Item Description Administrators bonds and letters, vol 1-3, 1852-1886
Household Members
Name Age
John W Spence (23)

 

2. Lemuel William Spence (1832-1864/5). Lemuel was born in 1834 in Kentucky, and he died 1864-1865 in the Civil War. His service record follows:

Name L W Spence
Birth Date 1834
Age 30
Enlistment Date 1864
Military Unit Nineteenth Cavalry (Burford’s Regiment) (24)

3. Nancy Spence (1834-1870). Nancy was born about 1835 in Tennessee, and she died before 1870 in Randolph County, Arkansas.

4. Levi Spence (1836-1850/9). Levi was born about 1836 in Kentucky, and he died between 1850 and 1859 in Haywood County, Tennessee.

5. Frances E. Spence (1838-1860). Frances’ story is told is the Joseph Spence (1816-1860) Click HERE for her story.

6. Henry Harvey Spence (1838-1900). Henry was born June 1838 in Tennessee, and he died after 1900 at Duck Creek, Stoddard, Missouri. He is the child who lived the longest of Amos and Mary’s children. Henry had two marriages. His first wife was Mary (last name unknown), who was born in 1850. Their children were: (a) John H. Spence (1870-1908); (b) Sophia Spence (1872-1904). His second wife was Permelia Amelia Butler (1852-1900). Their daughter was Martha Spence (1881-1931).

7. Mark Spence (1842-1861/5). Mark was born about 1842 in Tennessee, and he died between 1861-1865. His Civil War Record follows:

Name Mark Spence
Side Confederate
Regiment State/Origin Arkansas
Regiment 15th Regiment, Arkansas Infantry (Josey’s)
Company G
Rank In Private
Rank Out Private
Film Number M376 roll 22         (25)

8. Elisha Spence (1843-1861/5). Elisha was born about 1843 in Tennessee, and he died between 1861-1865. His Civil War Record follows:

Name Elisha Spence
Side Confederate
Regiment State/Origin Arkansas
Regiment 8th Regiment, Arkansas Infantry
Company D
Rank In Private
Rank Out Private
Film Number M376 roll 22   (26)

[Note: These are not the same names as the children of Levi James Spence (1801-1843). Levi’s children moved to Kentucky with their mother Elizabeth Gray after their father’s death in Weakley County in 1843.]

In 1854, Daniel Baxter Jones (1817-1891) married Emma J. Jones (1836-1916) in Benton County, Tennessee. Their children were: (a) James Allen Spence (1855-1917); (b) Nancy Elizabeth “Lizzy” Spence (1858-1934); (c) Sarah F. Spence, born 1861; (d) Eliza J. Spence, b. 1866; (e) Richard H. L. Spence, b. 1868; (f) Henry Lee Spence (1868-1938); (g) Rhoda Spence (b. 1871); (h) Daniel B. Spence (born 1874). As yet, I don’t know the exact year they started discussing a move to Arkansas, but Daniel invited Mary Bright Spence and her children to move there with them. By 1860, both families were living at Little Black, Randolph County, Arkansas(27),(28). Daniel died October 9, 1891 at Middlebook, Randolph County, Arkansas and is buried in the Siloam Cemetery. His Find-a-Grave entry follows:

Name: Daniel Baxter Spence
Birth Date: 17 Mar 1817
Birth Place: North Carolina, USA
Death Date: 9 Oct 1891
Death Place: Middlebrook, Randolph County, Arkansas, USA
Cemetery: Siloam Cemetery
Burial or Cremation Place: Middlebrook, Randolph County, Arkansas, USA
Has Bio?: Y
Children: Henry Lee Spence
URL: http://www.findagrave.com/cgi-…       (29)

His wife Emma died December 13, 1916 in Maynard, Arkansas

***

1870 must have been a sad year for Mary Bright Spence. All of her children were gone except Henry, and he lived in Stoddard, Missouri. She does not appear on the 1870 Census in Randolph County, Arkansas because she must have been traveling to Stoddard to visit her son and his wife.  I don’t know how long she stayed there, but she returned to Randolph County. She still had Daniel Spence in the area. But no sooner did she return to Randolph when she met a man by the name of W. J. Kollak. Their marriage license information is listed below:

Name: Mary E Spence
Gender: Female
Residence: Randolph, Arkansas
Spouse’s Name: W J Kollak
Spouse’s Gender: Male
Spouse’s Residence: Randolph, Arkansas
Marriage Date: 14 Sep 1871
Marriage County: Randolph
Event Type: Marriage
FHL Film Number: 1293694     (30)

For the life of me, I have not been able to discover anything about W J Kollak. Mary would have been sixty-six at the time of her marriage. I believe he was probably close to that age. They disappear from Randolph County, Arkansas and do not seem to emerge anywhere else. So I am left to speculate.

CONCLUSION

This article concludes this series. I’ve accomplished what I set out to do over a year ago: to update my Spence and related families information on my family tree. I often need to talk my way though it. That’s what I have done in this blog. And what a ride this has been! I would like to meet the people in this series. Then we could sit down and talk about all of this excitement. I’m sure they would give me an earful.

There are about five articles I saved from my old Historical Footprints website dealing with the Spences that I want to add to this collection. From time to time, I may add others to the Spence section. I’m going to shift my focus now to another family line on my father’s side of the family. I will need to update my research for the line I have chosen before I start writing the articles  because–like the Spence line–I haven’t looked at it in years. Updating my research takes time.

I will probably add those five Spence articles after I update them–one per week–and after I have them updated and added–then I will start the new line.

So, am I going to write a book? I don’t know at this point. I have my research updated now. It would be easy to do.

I will have to wait and see!

References

(1) 1850 Census for Weakley County, Tennessee about Mary E. Spence. Ancestry.com, Provo, Utah. Date Accessed: 9 Oct 2015. Available online at http://www.ancestry.com

(2) 1840 Census for Weakley County, Tennessee about Levi Spence. Ancestry.com, Provo, Utah. Date Accessed: 9 Oct 2015. Available online at http://www.ancestry.com

(3) 1820 Census for Perry County, Tennessee about Amos Spence. Ancestry.com, Provo, Utah. Date Accessed: 9 Oct 2015. Available online at http://www.ancestry.com

(4) North Carolina, Wills and Probate Records, 1665-1998 about Mark Spence, Camden County, North Carolina. Ancestry.com, Provo, Utah. Date accessed: 11 Oct 2015. Available online at http://www.ancestry.com

(5) North Carolina, Wills and Probate Records, 1665-1993 about Noah Spence, Camden County, North Carolina. Ancestry.com, Provo, Utah. Date Accessed: 11 Oct 2015. Available online at http://www.ancestry.com

(6) Arkansas, Wills and Probate Records, 1783-1998, Abner Spence, Franklin County, Arkansas. Ancestry.com, Provo, Utah. Date Accessed: 11 Oct 2015. Available online at http://www.ancestry.com

(7) Arkansas, Wills and Probate Records, 1783-1998 about Abner Spence and Polly Green, Madison County, Alabama. Ancestry.com, Provo, Utah. Date Accessed: 11 Oct 2015. Available online at http://www.ancestry.com

(8) Missouri, Compiled Census and Census Substitutes Index, 1830-1870 about Abner Spence in Greene County, Missouri. Ancestry.com, Provo, Utah. Date Accessed: 11 Oct 2015. Available online at http://www.ancestry.com

(9) 1850 Census, Polk County, Missouri about Abner Spence. Ancestry.com, Provo, Utah. Date Accessed: 11 Oct 2015. Available online at http://www.ancestry.com

(10) North Carolina, Wills and Probate Records, 1665-1998 about Cary Spence. Ancestry.com, Provo, Utah. Date Accessed: 11 Oct 2015.  Available online at http://www.ancestry.com

(11) Tennessee Marriages to 1825 about William Spence and Phoebe Forehand. Ancestry.com, Provo, Utah. Date Accessed: 11 Oct 2015. Available online at http://www.ancestry.com

(12) 1820 Census, Perry County, Tennessee for Jordan and Amos Spence. Ancestry.com, Provo, Utah. Date Accessed: 11 Oct 2015. Available online at http://www.ancestry.com

(13) Bright Names and Dates from Photo of the Bright Obelisk, St. John’s Episcopal Church Cemetery, Grifton, Pitt County, North Carolina. Find-a-Grave Memorial No. 89349550. Find-a-Grave.com. Date Accessed: 11 Oct 2015. Available online at http://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=gr&GRid=89349550&ref=acom

(14) SAR Application No. 93084. Copy at Ancestry.com, Provo, Utah. Date Accessed: 11 Oct 2015. Available online at http://www.ancestry.com

(15) North Carolina, Wills and Probate Records, 1665-1998 about Simon Bright (d. 1777). Ancestry.com, Provo, Utah. Date Accessed: 11 Oct 2015. Available online at http://www.ancestry.com

(16) Tennessee, Early Tax List Records, 1783-1895 about Amos B. Spence, Davidson County, Tennessee. Ancestry.com, Provo, Utah. Date Accessed: 11 Oct 2015. Available online at http://www.ancestry.com

(17) 1830 Census for Madison County, Tennessee for Levi Spence. Ancestry.com, Provo, Utah. Date Accessed: 11 Oct 2015. Available online at http://www.ancestry.com

(18) Tennessee, Early Tax List Records, 1783-1895 for Hollowell Bright, Haywood County, Tennessee. Ancestry.com, Provo, Utah. Date Accessed: 12 Oct 2015. Available online at http://www.ancestry.com

(19) 1850 Census, Haywood County, Tennessee for Hollowell Bright. Ancestry.com, Provo, Utah. Date Accessed: 12 Oct 2015. Available online at http://www.ancestry.com

(20) 1860 Census, Haywood County, Tennessee for Hollowell Bright. Ancestry.com, Provo, Utah. Date Accessed: 12 Oct 2015. Available online at http://www.ancestry.com

(21) Find-a-Grave Index for Hallowell Bright. Ancestry.com, Provo, Utah. Date Accessed: 12 Oct 2015. Available online at http://www.ancestry.com

(22) Find-a-Grave Index for Mary E. “Polly” (Bright). Ancestry.com, Provo, Utah. Date Accessed: 12 Oct 2015. Available online at http://www.ancestry.com

(23) Arkansas, Wills and Probate Records, 1783-1998 about John W. Spence. Ancestry.com, Provo, Utah. Date Accessed: 12 Oct 2015. Available online at http://www.ancestry.com

(24) U.S., Confederate Soldiers Compiled Service Records, 1861-1865 About L.W. Spence. Ancestry.com, Provo, Utah. Date Accessed: 12 Oct 2015. Available online at http://www.ancestry.com

(25) U.S. Civil War Soldiers, 1861-1865 about Mark Spence. Ancestry.com, Provo, Utah. Date Accessed: 12 Oct 2015. Available online at http://www.ancestry.com

(26) U.S. Civil War Soldiers, 1861-1865 about Elisha Spence. Ancestry.com, Provo, Utah. Date Accessed: 12 Oct 2015. Available online at http://www.ancestry.com

(27) 1860 Census, Little Black, Randolph County, Arkansas for Daniel B. Spence. Ancestry.com, Provo, Utah. Date Accessed: 12 Oct 2015. Available online at http://www.ancestry.com

(28) 1860 Census, Little Black, Randolph County, Arkansas for Mary E. Spence. Ancestry.com, Provo, Utah. Date Accessed: 12 Oct 2015. Available online at http://www.ancestry.com

(29) Daniel Baxter Spence Find-a-Grave Index. Ancestry.com, Provo, Utah. Date Accessed: 12 Oct 2015. Available online at http://www.ancestry.com

(30)  Arkansas, County Marriages Index, 1837-1957 about Mary E. Spence and W. J. Kollok. Ancestry.com, Provo, Utah. Date Accessed: 12 Oct 2015. Available online at http://www.ancestry.com

Elisha Spence (1776-1835): Part Two–Elisha Bell Spence (1818-1840): A “Short” Story

Marshall County, Tennessee Courthouse from the Wikipedia Common Files: "Marshall County Tennessee Courthouse" by Ichabod - Own work. Licensed under CC BY-SA 3.0 via Commons - https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Marshall_County_Tennessee_Courthouse.jpg#/media/File:Marshall_County_Tennessee_Courthouse.jpg

–Marshall County, Tennessee Courthouse from the Wikipedia Common Files: “Marshall County Tennessee Courthouse” by Ichabod – Own work. Licensed under CC BY-SA 3.0 via Commons – https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Marshall_County_Tennessee_Courthouse.jpg#/media/File:Marshall_County_Tennessee_Courthouse.jpg

Elisha Bell Spence was the youngest son of Elisha Spence (1776-1835) and Jane Bell (1795-1842). He was born in Davidson County, Tennessee in 1818, and his death has been a big question mark.  For a long time I thought he was the Elisha B. Spence(r) (1818-1851) I discovered years ago in the Bedford County, Tennessee Records(1). After acquiring the book this week and discovering that the Elisha B. Spence(r) listed there was actually born in 1838–three years after Elisha Sr.’s death–I unhappily put the book aside.  Also, that man’s last name was Spencer and not Spence.

So much for that!

Back at the drawing board once again!

I decided to start with what I could prove and go from there. And I seem to have traveled In a circle!

Elisha Bell Spence was born about 1818 in Davidson County, Tennessee. He was one of two males under ten in the Elisha Spence household in Davidson County on the 1820 Census:

Name Elisha Spence
Home in 1820 (City, County, State) Davidson, Tennessee
Enumeration Date August 7, 1820
Free White Persons – Males – Under 10 2  Joseph/Elisha B.
Free White Persons – Males – 10 thru 15 1
Free White Persons – Males – 26 thru 44 1
Free White Persons – Females – Under 10 2
Free White Persons – Females – 10 thru 15 2
Free White Persons – Females – 16 thru 25 1
Free White Persons – Females – 26 thru 44 1
Number of Persons – Engaged in Agriculture 2
Free White Persons – Under 16 7
Free White Persons – Over 25 2
Total Free White Persons 10
Total All Persons – White, Slaves, Colored, Other 10                            (2)

He next appears on the 1830 Census for Davidson County, Tennessee in the Elisha Spence household as the male aged 10 through 14:

Name Elisha Spense
Home in 1830 (City, County, State) Davidson, Tennessee
Free White Persons – Males – 10 thru 14 1  Elisha B.
Free White Persons – Males – 15 thru 19 1
Free White Persons – Males – 50 thru 59 1
Free White Persons – Females – 10 thru 14 1
Free White Persons – Females – 15 thru 19 1
Free White Persons – Females – 50 thru 59 1
Free White Persons – Under 20 4
Total Free White Persons 6
Total – All Persons (Free White, Slaves, Free Colored) 6                             (3)

The last census record for Elisha B. is the 1840 Census for Marshall County, Tennessee in the Jane Spence household. He is her only child living at home, and he appears to be married:

Name Jane Spence
Home in 1840 (City, County, State) Marshall, Tennessee
Free White Persons – Males – 10 thru 14 1
Free White Persons – Males – 15 thru 19 1
Free White Persons – Males – 20 thru 29 1 Elisha B.
Free White Persons – Females – 10 thru 14 1
Free White Persons – Females – 15 thru 19 1  Elisha B.’s Wife??
Free White Persons – Females – 40 thru 49 1  Jane Spence
Persons Employed in Agriculture 1
No. White Persons over 20 Who Cannot Read and Write 2
Free White Persons – Under 20 4
Free White Persons – 20 thru 49 2
Total Free White Persons 6
Total All Persons – Free White, Free Colored, Slaves 6                          (4)

I have no idea who the other three people are. Elisha was Jane Spence’s youngest child. She may have taken in some orphans, or they may have been her daughter-in-law’s relatives. To date, I have found no marriage record for Elisha B.

According to the Tennessee Secretary of State’s website, Marshall County suffered two courthouse fires: one in 1872 and the other in 1927(5), so that is no doubt the reason. Elisha B. probably married in 1840 just prior to the census. That image is undated, so I cannot approximate a date of marriage.

And this is where the evidence ends.

Some people think Elisha B. died in 1863 during the Civil War. So, I spent the morning searching through Civil War service records.  I found an E. B. Spence in Mississippi who fought for the Confederacy during the Civil War, but he was born in 1810 in North Carolina. To make a long story short,  I could find no record supporting military service for Elisha B. Spence during the Civil War. I think some people have confused  Elisha B. with Elisha H. Spence–his cousin–who is discussed in the previous article (Part One). That Elisha did serve in the Confederate Army, did survive the war, moved to Arkansas and received a pension. The other Elisha–another cousin– will be discussed in Part Three, and that Elisha did not survive the war.

My belief is that both Elisha B. and his wife died either late 1840 or early 1841. Jane Spence died in 1842, so I think Elisha B. and his wife died before then.

Given the fact that two major fires destroyed the courthouse in 1872 and again in 1927, we will probably never know.

 

This series concludes with Part Three: Amos B. Spence (1800-bef 1850) and Mary Elizabeth Spence (1805-1872)

References

(1) Helen Marsh and Timothy Marsh. Bedford County, Tennessee Cemetery Records.  Southern Historical Press (January 12, 1998).

(2) 1820 Census, Davidson County, Tennessee for Elisha Spence. Ancestry.com, Provo, Utah. Date Accessed: 8 Oct 2015. Available online at http://www.ancestry.com

(3) 1830 Census, Davidson County, Tennessee for Elisha Spence. Ancestry.com, Provo, Utah. Date Accessed: 8 Oct 2015. Available online at http://www.ancestry.com

(4) 1840 Census, Marshall County, Tennessee for Jane Spence. Ancestry.com, Provo, Utah. Date Accessed: 8 Oct 2015. Available online at http://www.ancestry.com

(5) “Lost Records: Courthouse Fires and Disasters in Tennessee: Marshall County.” From the Tennessee State Library and Archives, Nashville, Tennessee. Tennessee Secretary of State’s Website. Date Accessed: 8 Oct 2015. Available online at http://tn.gov/tsla/history/county/lost.htm

Elisha Spence (1776-1835): The Youngest Sons–Part One: Joseph Spence (1816-1860)–Two Families Unscrambled

Joseph Spence and Mary "Polly McDaniel Marriage Record in Tennessee Marriages

Joseph Spence and Mary “Polly” McDaniel Marriage Record in Tennessee Marriages

This is the story of what happens when you have four families in one or two generations with numerous children bearing the same names! It creates a hideous phenomenon known more commonly as a Major Mess! For years, I wondered about some of the information I had acquired concerning the two youngest sons of Elisha Spence–Joseph Spence (1816-1860) and Elisha Bell Spence (1818-1840)–his last two children. But for the life of me, I could not find anything more than what I had acquired. Fortunately, with the availability of many records today, I was able to achieve some success on these lines. While unscrambling the two lines, I went on to unscramble  additional lines–something I had to do in order to prove I had unscrambled the first two! And while my original intention was to combine Joseph and his brother Elisha in one article, that proved to be impossible.

This last article will be divided into three parts: Part One dealing with Joseph Spence (1816-1860) and Mary “Polly” McDaniel (1817-1850); Part Two dealing with Elisha Bell Spence (1818-1840); Part Three dealing with another cousin family who has been snaggled up into all of this. With all of this in mind, I will now enter Part One.

In 1816, Elisha and Jane Bell Spence had a son. One of Elisha’s cousins–Brittain Spence (1791-1829)–and his wife–Jane “Jennie” Forehand (1797-1830)–also had a son in 1816. I do not know which son was born first, but they were born close together. Elisha and Jane lived in Davidson County, Tennessee in 1816. Brittain and Jennie lived either in Davidson County or in Rutherford County in 1816. By 1820, Brittain and his family relocated to Rutherford County, Tennessee, where they appear on the Census for that year(1). They were married in Davidson County May 9, 1812(2). Elisha and Jane Bell were married in Davidson two years previously on October 25, 1810(3). Jennie Forehand was a sister of Phoebe Forehand (1802-1878), who married William Spence (1795-1869)–another cousin of both Elisha and Brittain. [This William Spence is destined to return in Part Three of this article. Interesting to note that I began this entire Spence series over a year ago with an article on William Spence. I will be closing it with an article on the same line!]

My guess is that Brittain and Jennie’s son was born first since they named him Joseph Spence. “Joseph” was a common name in Brittain’s family. His parents were Samuel Spence (1760-1805) and Julian (Julia/Juliana) Gray (1760-1804)–the same Gray line that Elisha’s son, Levi James Spence (1801-1843) married into. Brittain’s grandparents were Joseph Spence (1700-1783) and Louisa Sarah Rencher (1708-1783), and his great grandparents were Alexander Spence (1669-1735) and Dorothy Truman (1672-1734). Alexander Spence was a brother of James Spence (1674-1740)–Elisha Spence’s grandfather.

Shortly after the birth of Brittain and Jennie’s Joseph, Jane Bell Spence gave birth to a boy. And the two families decided that wouldn’t it be nice if two babies bore name the same name of Joseph!  Thus begins the confusion! For clarity’s sake here, I will refer to Elisha and Jane’s son as Joseph (Elisha) and to Brittain and Jennie’s son as Joseph (Brittain). I will discuss Joseph (Brittain) first since I believe he was born first (and he is less complicated!)

Joseph Spence (1816-1880), Mary Ann Fears (1817-1859), and Mary E. (Spence) (1844-1880)

Brittain and Jennie Forehand Spence’s children follow:

  1. Samuel Spence (b. 1814).  Samuel was born in Rutherford County, Tennessee. According to Brittain’s Will(4), Samuel was his oldest son. I have no additional information about him.
  2. Joseph Spence (1816-1880). Under discussion here as Joseph (Brittain).
  3. Elizabeth Spence (b. 1819). Elizabeth was born about 1819 in Rutherford County, Tennessee, and she died March 3, 1899 in Rutherford County, Tennessee. She had two marriages: Eben R. (or B.) Fears, whom she married June 17, 1833 in Rutherford County, Tennessee(5) and John Evans, whom she married May 27, 1841 in Rutherford County(6). She is identified in her father’s will.
  4. Phoebe Spence (1820-1897)–named for Jennie’s sister.  Identified in her father’s will. Phoebe was born October 7, 1820 in Rutherford County, Tennessee, and she died March 7, 1897 in Rutherford County, Tennessee. Her husband was James Granderson Williams (1812-1898), whom she married in Rutherford County, Tennessee June 16, 1836(7). Their children were: (a) William Nelson Williams (1838-1917); (b) Elizabeth Jane Williams (1841-1914); (c) Enoch Alson Williams (1844-1864); (d) Nancy Virginia Williams (1847-1929); (e) Malissa (Mary?) Ann Williams (1850-1851); (f) Phebe Adna Williams (1854-1933); (g) Mary James Williams (1858-1862). Phebe is identified in her father’s will.
  5. Alson Spence (1822-1860).  Alson is also identified in his father’s will. He was born in Rutherford County about 1822, and he died in Rutherford County. Some people believe he lived to be almost 100! But his probate file is dated 1860 in Rutherford County(8). His wife’s name was Mary Ann Revel (1822-1860), whom he married December 23, 1840 in Rutherford County(9). Some records identify her as Mary Ann Reed (same marriage date). I believe that is a transcription error and that her name was Revel.  Their children were: (a) Francis Spence (1842-1861)–Francis may have died in the Civil War; (b) Sarah J. Spence (1844-1861)–she married William Jefferson Carlton (1837-1912) in 1860 and died the following year; (c) Kinchen R. Spence (1846-aft 1860); (d) Julia A. Spence (1850-1920)–she married John E. Mallard (1846-1918); (e) Arvie B. Spence (1852-1929)–she married John Asbury Williams (1847-1925)(10), (11).
  6. William Spence (b. 1823). William is mentioned in his father’s will. He was born in Rutherford County about 1823. He was alive when his father died in 1830, but I could find no record for him after that. He may have died young.
  7. Mary Spence (b. 1825). Mary is mentioned in her father’s will. She would have died after 1830. May have died young.
  8. Julianna Spence (1827-1854). Julianna is mentioned in her father’s will. She was born March 5, 1827 in Rutherford County, Tennessee, and she died January 2, 1854 in Bedford County, Tennessee. She married John Richard Stem (1822-1878) in 1852. They had a son named Marion Luther Stem (1853-1906). She died in 1854. According to her Find-a-Grave Memorial where she is erroneously identified as Ann Sprouse, she was born March 5, 1827 in Rutherford County, Tennessee, and she died January 2, 1854 in Bedford County, Tennessee(12). She is buried in the Stem Cemetery in Bedford County, Tennessee.

The second son of Brittain and Jennie Forehand Spence, Joseph Spence was born either in Davidson County, Tennessee or in Rutherford County, Tennessee in 1816. He died in Greene County, Arkansas after 1880. He is identified as the second son in his father’s will(13). Joseph had two marriages. His first wife was Mary Ann Fears (1817-1859). They had married in Rutherford County on December 4, 1833(14). Their children follow:

  1. Nancy Louisa Spence (1831/4-1909). [Note: I provide two dates of birth here. Her tombstone on Find-a-Grave indicates that she was born in 1831. However, her parents didn’t get married until 1833. More than likely, she was born in 1834 in Rutherford County, Tennessee.] She died in Marshall County, Tennessee on July 15, 1909. According to her Find-a-Grave Memorial:
Birth: Oct. 4, 1831
Death: Jul. 15, 1909

Nancy Louisa Spence Endsley
Dau of Joseph Spence & Nancy [sic] Ann Fears Spence
Wife of Alexander M Endsley
Married 30 Aug 1856 i Marshall Co TNFamily links:
Spouse:
A M Endsley (1826 – 1908)*Children:
J J Endsley (1858 – 1894)*
Julia Endsley Smith (1868 – 1913)**Calculated relationship
Burial:
Head Springs Cemetery
Lewisburg
Marshall County
Tennessee, USA
Created by: gordon
Record added: Apr 24, 2011
Find A Grave Memorial# 68877718 [15]

The full list of their children follows: (a) John J. Endsley (1858-1894); (b) William M. Endsley (1859-1931); (c) Martha J. Endsley (b. 1860); (d) George A. Endsley (1864-1935); (e) Mary E. Endsley (b. 1866); (f) Julia C. Endlsey Smith (1868-1913); (g) Joseph E. Endsley (b. 1870).

2. Britton Spence (1835-1910). Britton was born in September 1835 Rutherford County, Tennessee, and he died in Arkansas in 1910. His wife was Elizabeth “Betsy” A. Cox (1840-1910). Their children were: (a) Charles Spence (b. 1858); (b) R. Spence (b. 1860); (c) Minerel Millinder Spence (1869-1939); (d) Allie B. Spence (b. 1872); (e) Eva M. Spence (b. 1880). Prior to relocating to Arkansas, Britton settled in Madison County, Tennessee, where he and his family appear on the 1860 Census(16).

3. William Spence (1837-1900). William was born in March 1837 in Tennessee, and he died in 1900 in Perry, St. Francois, Missouri. His wife was Susan M. Steele (b. 1842). Their children were: (a) John P. Spence (b. 1865); (b) Sarah F. Spence (b. 1866); (c) Eller Spence (b. 1868); (d) Londokie Spence (b. 1877); (e) Joseph C. Spence (b. 1883); (f) George Anthony Spence (b. 1887); (g) Leona Spence (b. 1889).

Mary Ann Fears died around 1859. Joseph went to Kentucky by 1860 where he married his second wife: Mary E. (Her last name is unknown.)  By 1870, Joseph moved his family to Clark, Greene County, Arkansas, where they appear on the 1870 Census(17). The children of Joseph Spence and Mary E. Spence follow:

  1. Julia Ann Spence (1865-1880). Julia was born in Tennessee about 1865, and she died after the 1880 Census in Greene County, Arkansas. I have no further information about her.
  2. Susan “Sudie” Spence (1872-1930). Sudie was born in Haliday, Arkansas in 1872, and she died in 1930 in Greene County, Arkansas. Her first husband was John Michael “Mike” Cooper (1865-1920), whom she married in 1887 in Greene County, Arkansas. Their children were: (a) Carlie C. (Charles) Cooper (1887-1943); (b) an unidentified child born 1890; (c) Pearly Cooper (1893-1920). Her second husband was James H. Ward (1880-1920),whom she  married in 1900 in Greene County, Arkansas(18).  Their children were: (a) Robert Ward (1901-1994); (b) Charles Ward (b. 1906).
  3. Charles Edward Spence (1873-1940). Charles was born February 15, 1873 in Arkansas, and he died after 1940 in Collier, Greene, Arkansas. His wife was Bertha E. Spense (b. 1885). Their son was Cletra R. Spence (b. 1914).
  4. Mary E. Spence (1877-aft 1880). Mary was born about 1877 in Arkansas, and she died after 1880 in Union and Clark, Greene County, Arkansas.

Joseph and his family appear on the 1880 Census for Greene County, Arkansas(19). They may have moved to Independence County, Arkansas by late 1880 or early 1881 because I found a probate file for Joseph Spence listed there(20).

Joseph (Brittain) will reappear in the next section.

 

Joseph Spence (1816-1860), Mary “Polly” McDaniel (1817-1850), and Frances E. Spence (1838-1860)

The Elisha Spence family and the Brittain Spence family may have traveled from North Carolina to Tennessee together. The two families were close, and the two young Joseph Spences grew up together and bonded like brothers. They kept things lively in the neighborhood, no doubt pulling tricks on other family members.

Elisha and Jane Bell Spence’s second youngest son, Joseph–noted here as Joseph (Elisha) –was born in Davidson County, Tennessee in 1816, and he died after the 1860 census in Haywood County, Tennessee. Had I not discovered his marriage record in a book of Tennessee Marriage Records at the Denver Public Library years ago, I may not have ever found him! His records have been so mixed in with Joseph (Brittain)’s, it is difficult sorting them out. However, I accepted the challenge and weathered the storm!

A young child Joseph’s age appears in the Elisha Spence household on the 1820 Census for Davidson County, Tennessee. A chart depicting the family is listed below. I included their names in the margin:

Name Elisha Spence
Home in 1820 (City, County, State) Davidson, Tennessee
Enumeration Date August 7, 1820
Free White Persons – Males – Under 10 2 (Joseph/Elisha B)
Free White Persons – Males – 10 thru 15 1  (William)
Free White Persons – Males – 26 thru 44 1  (Elisha)
Free White Persons – Females – Under 10 2 (Angeline/Jane)
Free White Persons – Females – 10 thru 15 2  (Rhoda/Susan)
Free White Persons – Females – 16 thru 25 1  (Milly Catherine)
Free White Persons – Females – 26 thru 44 1  (Jane)
Number of Persons – Engaged in Agriculture 2
Free White Persons – Under 16 7
Free White Persons – Over 25 2
Total Free White Persons 10
Total All Persons – White, Slaves, Colored, Other 10                           (21)

Milly Catherine had married Lewis Jones that year and lived in Perry County, but she was helping out her family in Davidson County when this census record was taken. Samuel and Daniel were in Perry County, Tennessee. Levi James was living in North Carolina.

The 1830 Census for the Elisha Spence household in Davidson County presents the following image:

Name Elisha Spense
Home in 1830 (City, County, State) Davidson, Tennessee
Free White Persons – Males – 10 thru 14 1  (Elisha B)
Free White Persons – Males – 15 thru 19 1  (Joseph)
Free White Persons – Males – 50 thru 59 1  (Elisha)
Free White Persons – Females – 10 thru 14 1  (Jane)
Free White Persons – Females – 15 thru 19 1  (Angeline)
Free White Persons – Females – 50 thru 59 1  (Jane)
Free White Persons – Under 20 4
Total Free White Persons 6
Total – All Persons (Free White, Slaves, Free Colored) 6                         (22)

The children of the first marriage are gone. Samuel, Daniel, Milly Catherine and her husband are in Perry County, Tennessee. Levi has returned from North Carolina and is living in Madison County, Tennessee. William is now living in North Carolina. Rhoda and Susan were living in Williamson County. Shortly after this census was taken, Elisha moved his family to Madison County, where he died in November 1835(23). After her husband’s death, Jane Bell Spence moved her family to Marshall County, Tennessee, where some of them appear on the 1840 Census:

Name Jane Spence
Home in 1840 (City, County, State) Marshall, Tennessee
Free White Persons – Males – 10 thru 14 1
Free White Persons – Males – 15 thru 19 1
Free White Persons – Males – 20 thru 29 1 (Elisha B)
Free White Persons – Females – 10 thru 14 1
Free White Persons – Females – 15 thru 19 1 (Elisha B’s wife?)
Free White Persons – Females – 40 thru 49 1 (Jane)
Persons Employed in Agriculture 1
No. White Persons over 20 Who Cannot Read and Write 2
Free White Persons – Under 20 4
Free White Persons – 20 thru 49 2
Total Free White Persons 6
Total All Persons – Free White, Free Colored, Slaves 6                        (24)

My perception of this chart has changed since my earlier examination of it. Elisha B. Spence is the only one left at home with possibly a wife? I don’t know the identities of the others living in Jane’s household. She may have taken in some orphans. The other possibility is that they were siblings of Elisha B.’s wife. (Hope to settle that issue in Part Two of this article.)

So where was Joseph?

I don’t believe he settled in Marshall County with his mother. In fact, I believe he relocated to Williamson County before his father’s death. Some of his siblings had already settled there or were in the process of settling there. He liked being close to other family members, and he renewed his close ties with his cousin, Joseph (Brittain). The distance between Williamson and Rutherford County was short, so family members visited one another frequently. And shortly after his removal to Williamson County, Joseph met his future wife.

Her name was Mary “Polly” McDaniel (1817-1850). She was the daughter of Lowery McDaniel (1774-1852) and his wife Margaret (1780-1860), who lived in Davidson County. I don’t know how Joseph became acquainted with Polly McDaniel. Lowerey McDaniel appears on an early Davidson County tax list dated July 19, 1813, so the McDaniels, like the Spence family, were early settlers there(25). No doubt, Joseph and Polly had known one another since childhood. And Polly McDaniel may have been the reason why Joseph returned to the area.

They were married July 29, 1835 in Davidson County, Tennessee(26), four months prior to Elisha Spence’s death and two years after his cousin, Joseph (Brittain)’s marriage. The couple then settled in Williamson County, where they appear on the 1840 Census:

Name Joseph Spence
Home in 1840 (City, County, State) Williamson, Tennessee
Free White Persons – Males – Under 5 2 (Unknown Sons)
Free White Persons – Males – 20 thru 29 1  (Joseph)
Free White Persons – Females – 5 thru 9 1  (Unknown daughter)
Free White Persons – Females – 20 thru 29 1  (Polly)
Persons Employed in Agriculture 1
Free White Persons – Under 20 3
Free White Persons – 20 thru 49 2
Total Free White Persons 5
Total All Persons – Free White, Free Colored, Slaves 5                                (27)

By 1840, Joseph and Polly had three children–two boys and a girl. The girl was the oldest and is listed as between the ages of five through nine. She was probably born in 1836. The two boys are under the ages of five. The names of these children are unknown because they did not survive and died long before the 1850 Census. Three names of their later children are known, however, but are not without controversy. I will introduce these children by name. Then I will discuss the controversy. Then I will discuss the children individually. But I need to introduce another cousin first because she is going to impact this study. Her name was Frances E. Spence. She was born about 1838, and she was the daughter of Amos B. Spence (1800-bef. 1850) and Mary Elizabeth Spence (1805-1872). This family will be profiled in Part Three, but Frances enters the picture here. One of Joseph and Polly’s daughters would be named for her.

The names of the known children of Joseph and Polly McDaniel Spence follow:

  1. Elisha H. Spence (1841-1921)
  2. Joseph Spence (1845-1860)
  3. Frances “Fanny” A. Spence (1849-1880)–the child named after the cousin Frances, born 1838.

These children appear in the Joseph (Brittain) household on the 1850 Census for Rutherford County, Tennessee, per the following:

Name Joseph Spence
Age 34
Birth Year 1816
Birthplace Tennessee
Home in 1850 May, Rutherford, Tennessee
Gender Male
Family Number 1017
Household Members
Name Age
Joseph Spence 34
Mary A Spence 33
Nancy Spence 16
Britton Spence 14
Wm Spence 11
Elisha Spence 9
Jos Spence 4
Fanny Spence 1   (28)

For  years, people have been including Elisha, Joseph and Fanny as children of Joseph Spence (Brittain) and Mary Ann Fears when instead, they were children of Joseph Spence (Elisha) and Mary “Polly” McDaniel. I must admit I did the same thing until I started digging into it. What follows is the rest of the story.

Joseph and Polly had three children: Elisha (born 1841), Joseph (born 1845), and Fanny (born 1849). Polly never recovered from the birth of Fanny, and Joseph was beside himself. Plus they experienced the deaths of their first three children, whose names are unknown. Finally, Lowery McDaniel (Polly’s father) and Joseph (Brittain) came to the rescue. Polly would return to her parents’ house to recover there. The children would stay with Joseph (Brittain) and Mary Ann Fears until Polly recovered. The 1850 Census for Lowery McDaniel follows:

Name Lowery McDanel
Age 76
Birth Year 1774
Birthplace Virginia
Home in 1850 District 22, Davidson, Tennessee
Race White
Gender Male
Family Number 9
Household Members
Name Age
Lowery McDanel 76
Margaret McDanel 70
Polly McDanel 40
Honrles McDanel 42
John McDanel 36
Drewry McDanel 34
William McDanel 32
Lousana McDanel 12
Rebecca McDanel 27 (29)

This is another case of the census taker assuming that everyone in the household possessed the same surname. Most of them did. Polly’s surname was Spence. The census taker did provide the location of births for the people listed here. Lowery was born in Virginia.  Margaret, Polly, and Honries were born in South Carolina. The others were born in Tennessee. I believe Honries, John, Drewry and William were Polly’s brothers. Rebecca was probably a wife of one of them. Lousana was probably one of Lowery and Margaret’s grandchildren. Census takers did not designate actual relationships on these early census records.

Polly did not recover. The census record is dated November 22, 1850. Polly died shortly after that record was taken. And then Joseph really was beside himself. His grief left him powerless to do anything.  Finally, one cold blustery wintry day, he went to Rutherford County to see his children. Twelve-year old Frances Spence was staying in the household at the time, helping Mary with the children. Noting his cousin’s depression, Joseph (Brittain) made a suggestion. [The following is not an exact conversation, but a suggestion as to what could have been said.]

“Why not go out to Missouri?”

“What?” Joseph asked.

“Why not go out to Missouri and see your family? You need to get away from here.”

Joseph grew silent.

“Find someone to go with you–” Joseph (Brittain)’s eyes traveled across the room in the direction of young Frances, whose eyes were wide at the suggestion. Frances’ adoration of Joseph was well known throughout the family. “Like Frances, here!” he added.

Frances’ hand shot immediately to her mouth.

Joseph laughed. It was the first time any of them had seen him laugh in weeks.

“Are you kidding?” He said. “Mary would never let me haul Frances out to Missouri!”

“Well, all we can do is ask!”

“In this weather?”

“Go when the weather clears in the spring.”

Joseph grew silent. He hadn’t seen some of his family since their father’s funeral. It would be great seeing them again.

“Angeline lives in St. Louis,” he said. “I guess the rest of them live on the other side of the state–Jasper and Newton County. Rhoda and Dave Gill talk about moving there.”

Getting approval for Joseph to take Frances to Missouri required a trip to see her mother Mary, who was now living in Weakley County. So the following weekend, Mary Spence was surprised to see the two Josephs and her daughter standing on her porch. Amos had passed away. Mary chose to continue living in Weakley with her children. And when she heard why they were there, she could only gasp–

“You want to do–WHAT? MISSOURI!”

It took some time to persuade her, but both Josephs were expert in persuading people to do things–something they had mastered as young boys.

Mary eyed her daughter, whose eyes clearly read: “PLEASE!”

“And after all, we are pioneers!” Joseph (Brittain) closed his argument.

“Oh, I don’t know! Missouri! Oh my! What would Amos say?”

“I’m sure he would approve!” Joseph (Brittain) offered.

Finally, Joseph (Elisha) found  his voice.

“I can’t think of another person I would like to travel with me to Missouri, Mary!” He said. “I can promise you, I’ll keep her safe!”

And so when spring broke and the weather settled, Joseph and Frances traveled to Missouri. Joseph liked Frances. She was easy to talk to, and she listened. They stopped a day or so in St. Louis to see Angeline, who was a widow. Then they traveled to Jasper County and astounded everyone when they showed up on their doorsteps. A great celebration took place to welcome them. Of course, the people spent hours listening to Joseph’s stories about Polly and his children who were living with a cousin in Rutherford County. And they plied Frances with questions about her family. And then the day came for them to leave.

“Well, Joe, you oughta move here!” Samuel suggested.

“Oh, maybe,” Joseph responded. “Guess I’ll be in Tennessee for a while.”

The family watched them head down the road.

“I can see which direction this is going,” Samuel told Elizabeth. “They’ll be married in a few years.”

Joseph Spence and Frances E. Spence were married in Weakley County, Tennessee about 1853 when Frances turned fifteen. They settled in District 4 in Haywood County, Tennessee, where they appear on the 1860 Census:

Name Joseph Spence
Age 44
Birth Year 1816
Gender Male
Birth Place Tennessee
Home in 1860 District 4, Haywood, Tennessee
Post Office Belles Depot
Family Number 732
Household Members
Name Age
Joseph Spence 44
Francis E Spence 22
Elisha Spence 19
Joseph Spence 15
Francis A Spence 13  (30)

Joseph (Brittain)’s wife Mary Ann Fears had died in Rutherford County in 1859. In 1860 when Joseph (Elisha) and Francis were living in Haywood County, Joseph (Brittain) traveled to Kentucky that year where he married his second wife: Mary E (Last Name Unknown). She may have been a cousin. At this point, I don’t know. Joseph’s children by his first marriage had left home by 1860. It is unknown how long he remained in Kentucky but by 1870, he had relocated to Greene County, Arkansas. His name is erroneously recorded on the 1870 Census as Joseph Spencer:

Name Joseph Spencer
Age in 1870 54
Birth Year 1816
Birthplace Tennessee
Home in 1870 Clark, Greene, Arkansas
Race White
Gender Male
Post Office Gainesville
Household Members
Name Age
Joseph Spencer 54
Mary E Spencer 26
Julian Spencer 7
Susan Spencer (31)

Joseph (Elisha) remained in Haywood County, Tennessee. His  sister, Mary Jane, and her husband James Garrett had lived in District 10 prior to 1860. But as noted in a previous article, Jane and James Garrett and their two children died before 1860.

I wish I could say this story has a happy ending for Joseph and Frances, but it does not. Sometime after the 1860 Haywood County Census, Joseph, Frances, and Joseph’s son, Joseph, died. They either died of some disease, or they may have been casualties of the Civil War. Fighting was fierce in Western Tennessee (which was primarily Confederate) during the Civil War. People were often killed simply for being loyal to the Confederacy, or else they were caught in the crossfire. Fortunately, the other two children: Elisha H. and Fanny survived. Their stories follow.

Elisha H. Spence (1841-1921). Elisha was born in May 1841 in Williamson County, Tennessee, and he died November 1, 1921 in Sweet Home, Pulaski, Arkansas. As previously noted, Elisha, his brother Joseph, and his sister Fanny lived with Joseph (Brittain) and Mary Ann Fears Spence in Rutherford County after their mother’s death in 1850. They were reunited with their father Joseph (Elisha) after his marriage to Francis in 1855, placing them in Haywood County. In 1861, Elisha enlisted in Company G, Tennessee 27th Infantry Regiment, C.S.A(32). According to his service records, he served in both Companies C and G, and his service appears to have been long-term. He did survive the War. I believe that had his family members died of a disease or plague, Elisha and his sister would have died as well. So I think his family died in the conflict.

After the Civil War ended, Elisha went to Kentucky, where he met and married Matilda (Last Name Unknown) (1844-1900) in 1866. Between 1866 and 1876, Elisha and his family appear to move back and forth between Kentucky and Tennessee. Then he moved to Greene County, Arkansas where Joseph (Brittain) was living. Had he been a natural son of this Joseph, he would have headed to Arkansas immediately after his discharge. But he was searching for his own family members in Kentucky and Tennessee. When he discovered they were all gone, he relocated to Arkansas, where he rejoined the Joseph (Brittain) family.

The children of Elisha H. Spence and Matilda follow:

  1. Jackson W. Spence (1868-1963)
  2. Chapil N. Spence (b. 1869)
  3. Lenora Spence (b. 1872)
  4. Samuel Spence (1876-1902)
  5. Robert J. Spence (b. 1878)
  6. Francis Crice Spence (b. 1884)

Elisha H. Spence died November 1, 1921 in Sweet Home, Pulaski County, Arkansas(33). He is buried in the Little Rock National Cemetery, Little Rock, Arkansas.

Frances “Fanny” A. Spence (1849-1880). Fanny was born in Williamson County, Tennessee, and she died after 1880 in Texas. As noted earlier, she was named for a cousin–Frances E. Spence (1838-1860)–who  eventually became her step-mother. After her parents and brother Joseph died, her other brother Elisha took her to relatives in Madison County, Tennessee, and she stayed with them until she married.  On August 14, 1869, Fanny married James H. Bray (1840-1921) in Madison County, Tennessee(34).  Their children were:

  1. Ella Bray, born 1862
  2. Lillie Bray, born 1869
  3. John S. Bray, born 1872
  4. E. H. Bray, born 1874.

James H. Bray was born in Marshall County, Tennessee April 12, 1840, and he died February 6, 1921 in San Antonio, Bexar, Texas. His parents were Elisha G. Bray (1804-1877) and Rachel P. McDaniel (1818-1887)–possibly a relative of Polly McDaniel.  According to his veteran’s records, he served with the Confederate Army in the Civil War and received a pension for his service:

Name J H Bray
Application Date 4 Apr 1916
Birth Year 1840
Birth Place Marshall, Tennessee
Age 76
Pension File Number 32762
Application Type Veteran
Household Members
Name Age
J H Bray 76  (35)

The Brays appear on the 1880 Census for Blossom Prairie, Lamar, Texas(36). This is the last record for Fanny. She would have died after that 1880 Census.  James H. Bray died February 6, 1921 in San Antonio, Bexar, Texas(37).

 

This article continues with Part Two: Elisha Bell Spence (1818-1840)

 

References

(1) 1820 Census for Rutherford County, Tennessee about Brittain Spence. Ancestry.com, Provo, Utah. Date Accessed: 6 Oct 2015. Available online at http://www.ancestry.com

(2) Tennessee State Marriages, 1780-2002 about Brittain Spence. Ancestry.com, Provo, Utah. Date Accessed: 6 Oct 2015. Available online at http://www.ancestry.com

(3) Tennessee State Marriages, 1780-2002 about Elisha Spence. Ancestry.com, Provo, Utah. Date Accessed: 6 Oct 2015. Available online at http://www.ancestry.com

(4) Tennessee Wills and Probate Records, 1779-2008 about Brittain Spence. Ancestry.com, Provo, Utah. Date Accessed: 6 Oct 2015. Available online at http://www.ancestry.com

(5) Tennessee State Marriages, 1780-2002 about Elizabeth Spence and Eben Fears. Ancestry.com, Provo, Utah. Date Accessed: 6 Oct 2015. Available online at http://www.ancestry.com

(6) Tennessee State Marriages, 1780-2002 about Elizabeth Spence and John Evans. Ancestry.com, Provo, Utah. Date Accessed: 6 Oct 2015. Available online at http://www.ancestry.com

(7)  Tennessee State Marriages, 1780-2002 about Phoebe Spence. Ancestry.com, Provo, Utah. Date Accessed: 6 Oct 2015. Available online at http://www.ancestry.com

(8) Tennessee Wills and Probate Records, 1779-2008. Ancestry.com, Provo, Utah. Date Accessed: 6 Oct 2015. Available online at http://www.ancestry.com

(9) Tennessee Wills and Probate Records, 1779-2008. Ancestry.com, Provo, Utah. Date Accessed: 6 Oct 2015. Available online at http://www.ancestry.com

(10) 1850 Census for Alson Spence, Rutherford County, Tennessee. Ancestry.com, Provo, Utah. Date Accessed: 6 Oct 2015. Available online at http://www.ancestry.com

(11) 1860 Census for Alson Spence, Rutherford County, Tennessee. Ancestry.com, Provo, Utah. Date Accessed: 6 Oct 2015. Available online at http://www.ancestry.com

(12) Find-a-Grave Memorial for Juliana Spence Stem (listed as Ann Sprouse), Find A Grave Memorial# 22971124. Find-a-Grave Website. Date Accessed: 6 Oct 2015. Available online at http://www.findagrave.com

(13) Tennessee Wills and Probate Records, 1779-2008 about Brittain Spence. Ancestry.com, Provo, Utah. Date Accessed: 6 Oct 2015. Available online at http://www.ancestry.com

(14) Tennessee State Marriages, 1780-2002 about Joseph Spence [Brittain]. Ancestry.com, Provo, Utah. Date Accessed: 6 Oct 2015. Available online at http://www.ancestry.com

(15) Nancy L. Spence Endsley Find A Grave Memorial# 68877718. Find-a-Grave.com website. Date Accessed: 6 Oct 2015. Available online at http://www. ancestry.com.

(16) 1860 Census for Madison County, Tennessee about Britton Spence. Ancestry.com, Provo, Utah. Date Accessed: 6 Oct 2015. Available online at http://www.ancestry.com

(17) 1870 Census for Clark, Greene County, Arkansas for Joseph Spence. Ancestry.com, Provo, Utah. Date Accessed: 6 Oct 2015. Available online at http://www.ancestry.com

(18) Arkansas County Marriages, Index, 1837-1957 about Sudie Spence Cooper. Ancestry.com, Provo, Utah. Date Accessed: 6 Oct 2015. Available online at http://www.ancestry.com

(19) 1880 Census for Greene County, Arkansas for Joseph Spence. Ancestry.com, Provo, Utah. Date Accessed: 6 Oct 2015. Available online at http://www.ancestry.com

(20) Arkansas, Wills and Probate Records, 1783-1998 about Joseph Spence. Ancestry.com, Provo, Utah. Date Accessed: 6 Oct 2015. Available online at http://www.ancestry.com

(21) 1820 Census for Davidson County, Tennessee for Elisha Spence. Ancestry.com, Provo, Utah. Date Accessed: 6 Oct 2015. Available online at http://www.ancestry.com

(22) 1830 Census for Davidson County, Tennessee for Elisha Spence. Ancestry.com, Provo, Utah. Date Accessed: 6 Oct 2015. Available online at http://www.ancestry.com

(23) Elisha Spence Estate Inventory dated November 1835. Copy obtained from the Tennessee State Library and Archives, Nashville, Tennessee.

(24) 1840 Census for Marshall County, Tennessee for Jane Spence. Ancestry.com, Provo, Utah. Date Accessed: 7 Oct 2015. Available online at http://www.ancestry.com

(25) North Carolina and Tennessee, Early Land Records, 1753-1931 about Lowerey McDaniel. Ancestry.com, Provo, Utah. Date Accessed: 7 Oct 2015. Available online at http://www.ancestry.com

(26) Tennessee State Marriage Records, 1780-2002 about Joseph Spence. Ancestry.com, Provo, Utah. Date Accessed: 7 Oct 2015. Available online at http://www.ancestry.com

(27) 1840 Census for Williamson County, Tennessee about Joseph Spence. Ancestry.com, Provo, Utah. Date Accessed: 7 Oct 2015. Available online at http://www.ancestry.com

(28) 1850 Census for Rutherford County, Tennessee about Joseph Spence (Brittain). Ancestry.com, Provo, Utah. Date Accessed: 7 Oct 2015. Available online at http://www.ancestry.com

(29) 1850 Census for Davidson County, Tennessee about Polly McDaniel Spence. Ancestry.com, Provo, Utah. Date Accessed: 7 Oct 2015. Available online at http://www.ancestry.com

(30) 1860 Census for Haywood County, Tennessee about Joseph Spence (Elisha). Ancestry.com, Provo, Utah. Date Accessed: 7 Oct 2015. Available online at http://www.ancestry.com

(31) 1870 Census for Greene County, Arkansas for Joseph Spence(r). Ancestry.com, Provo, Utah. Date Accessed: 7 Oct 2015. Available online at http://www.ancestry.com

(32) U.S., Civil War Soldier Records and Profiles, 1861-1865 about Elisha H. Spence. Ancestry.com, Provo, Utah. Date Accessed: 7 Oct 2015. Available online at http://www.ancestry.com

(33) U.S. National Cemetery Interment Control Forms, 1928-1962 about Elisha H. Spence. Ancestry.com, Provo, Utah. Date Accessed: 7 Oct 2015. Available online at http://www.ancestry.com

(34) Tennessee State Marriages, 1780-2002 about Frances Spence and James H. Bray. Ancestry.com, Provo, Utah. Date Accessed: 7 Oct 2015. Available online at http://www.ancestry.com

(35) Alabama, Texas and Virginia, Confederate Pensions, 1884-1958 about J H Bray. Ancestry.com, Provo, Utah. Date Accessed: 7 Oct 2015. Available online at http://www.ancestry.com

(36) 1880 Census for Lamar County, Texas, J. H. Bray. Ancestry.com, Provo, Utah. Date Accessed: 7 Oct 2015. Available online at http://www.ancestry.com

(37) Texas Death Certificates, 1903-1982 about J. H. Bray. Ancestry.com, Provo, Utah. Date Accessed: 7 Oct 2015. Available online at http://www.ancestry.com

Research–Research–Research–

calliope

 

I’m pausing!

Not really, but I am buried in research at the moment. I’m working on the last article in the Elisha Spence series. Years ago, I discovered a book at the Denver Public Library that enabled my research and gave me the information needed. And I located  the notes I had made about that book in my research notebook. However, I discovered a list of additional page numbers I had made, and I now need that book in order to complete the article.

I don’t go downtown any more, and our libraries here don’t have these books. The little Carnegie Library in Boulder was once a valuable place to go for research. They closed out their genealogy department and sent everything related to genealogy to the Denver Public Library.

So began my search for the book on the internet. And I found it! Amazon had the book and only one copy left in stock. I bought it. I won’t receive it until late in the week. They usually ship things quickly.

Meanwhile, I am working on the article concerning Elisha Spence’s youngest sons. As it turns out, four families are going to be involved in that last chapter, and I’m trying to nail all of them down. I’ve made some really interesting discoveries, and I’m looking forward to sharing them in that chapter. After that, I will write a summary and a conclusion and decide which line I want to pursue next. It will probably be a line from my father’s side of the family.

I still have some articles to add to the Spence section. I had them on my old website and want to include them here after revising them. So I will probably add those to the Spence section while researching the new line I will be focusing on.

Meanwhile, back at the ranch–

 

Elisha Spence (1776-1835)–The Second Family: Part Two–Mary Jane Spence (1813-1860) and James Garrett (1806-1860)

James Garrett and Mary Jane Spence Marriage Record--Copy obtained from the Tennessee State Archives and Library

James Garrett and Mary Jane Spence Marriage Record–Copy obtained from the Tennessee State Archives and Library

 

[NOTE: This article is a major undertaking. I started it over several times before settling upon this final draft. The absence of original records destroyed by fire, floods and human hands creates a major barrier to validity. That absence also leads to frustration, and frustration leads to the creation of fiction. Fiction impedes finding the truth. My frustration here this week  has dealt with fiction writers and has led to numerous headaches. I hope that I have done justice to the people involved in this narrative. My goal is to tell their stories as accurately as possible.]

Mary Jane Spence (1813-1860) and James Garrett (1806-1860)

The second daughter of Elisha Spence and Jane Bell, Mary Jane Spence (Jane Spence) was born in Williamson County, Tennessee between 1813-1815, and she died before 1860 in Haywood County, Tennessee. On September 21, 1842, she married James Garrett (1806-1860) in Williamson County, Tennessee(2). [Note: The bond was recorded September 20 and the marriage return date was recorded September 21. She is listed on one document as Jane Spence and on the other as M. Jane Spence.] They were in Haywood County, Tennessee in 1850, where they appear on the Census(3). A summary of the 1850 Census follows:

Name Jane Garrett
Age 35
Birth Year abt 1815
Birthplace Tennessee
Home in 1850 District 10, Haywood, Tennessee
Gender Female
Family Number 381
Household Members
Name Age
James Garrett 46
Jane Garrett 35
Harvey Garrett 6
Sarah Garrett 6(4)

There were three generations of “Mary Janes” in her family; her maternal grandmother, Mary Jane Boyd Bell; her mother, Mary Jane Bell Spence, and Jane–Mary Jane Spence! Young Jane followed the same tradition as  her mother: they were both known by their middle names.

She grew up in the Elisha Spence household and watched the older children disappear. She knew Samuel, Daniel and Milly Catherine but since Levi and William spent so many years in North Carolina, she wasn’t all that familiar with them. Apparently, she was a companion of the two Rhodas while they were still at home.

Her father died in November 1835 in Madison County, Tennessee(5). After his death, her mother took her children to Marshall County, where Jane Bell Spence died about 1842. She last appears on the 1840 Census for Marshall County, Tennessee(6).  The following is a summary of that census record–[Note: Jane Bell Spence is 40-49 on this record. The youngest son Elisha B. Spence is the only one at home. The female 15 through 19 is Elisha’s wife. I do not know the identities of the other three people but believe they were Elisha’s wife’s siblings. Joseph Spence had moved to Williamson County, where he married in 1835. Angeline and Mary Jane also relocated to Williamson County where other siblings were living by 1838]:

Name Jane Spence
Home in 1840 (City, County, State) Marshall, Tennessee
Free White Persons – Males – 10 thru 14 1
Free White Persons – Males – 15 thru 19 1
Free White Persons – Males – 20 thru 29 1 (Elisha B. Spence)
Free White Persons – Females – 10 thru 14 1
Free White Persons – Females – 15 thru 19 1 (Elisha’s Wife)
Free White Persons – Females – 40 thru 49 1 (Jane Spence)
Persons Employed in Agriculture 1
No. White Persons over 20 Who Cannot Read and Write 2
Free White Persons – Under 20 4
Free White Persons – 20 thru 49 2
Total Free White Persons 6
Total All Persons – Free White, Free Colored, Slaves 6 (7)

As previously noted, after her mother’s death, young Jane had a decision to make about her own future. Samuel, Daniel and Milly Catherine were already in Missouri, and Angeline was making plans to move there. She invited Jane to go with her. But Missouri was so far away! Levi and William were in Weakley County, but she didn’t want to settle there. Eventually, she decided to remain in Williamson County, Tennessee where the two Rhodas were living as well as her own natural brother, Joseph Spence. (He will be covered in Part 3.) The youngest member of the family–Elisha Bell Spence–was still living with his mother when she died. (He will also be covered in Part 4. The Conclusion will then follow.)

And there was another reason for her choice of Williamson County, Tennessee–a man by the name of James Garrett, who was had been living in the area for a while, and who was a friend of her family.

James Garrett (1806-bef. 1860)

Finding James Garrett was no easy matter! I thought it would be a simple job. But the only two documents I have for him are the marriage document referenced above and the 1850 Census for Haywood County, Tennessee. I could have made this a really simple story by introducing those two documents followed by a conclusion–two paragraphs at most. However, my sense of “shoveling” and “digging” prevailed, and I started doing just  that. The 1850 Census notes that James Garrett was born in North Carolina in 1804, and that he was living with his wife and children in Haywood County, Tennessee. The more I dug, the more Garretts I spaded up. And the more Garrets I spaded up, the deeper I had to dig.

What was so special about Haywood County? I wondered.

According to the Wikipedia site:

Haywood County was created from part of Madison County in 1823–24, and was named for Tennessee judge and historian John Haywood. Haywood County was part of Madison County when the Tennessee General Assembly created it in 1823–24. (Later, portions of Haywood would be carved out to create Lauderdale and Crockett Counties.) The legislature designated Brownsville as the county seat.

Farming, especially of cotton, was the basis for the local economy for much of its history. Until the Civil War, this meant a plantation system dependent upon slave labor; after the war, tenant farmers and sharecroppers took the place of actual slavery(8).

The reference to Madison County did not escape my notice. Shortly after the 1830 Census in Davidson County, Tennessee, the Elisha Spence family moved to Madison County. While shuffling through Haywood County records, I discovered a number of Garretts residing in Haywood County, the majority settling in District 10.

And that is where James and Jane lived in 1850, I thought. Those Garretts must have been related to James, and they came from North Carolina! But from where?

***

James Garrett was actually a twin born in Greene County, Tennessee in 1806. His biological parents were Jacob Garrett (1780-1838) and Barbara Jack (b. 1783), who were married in Greene County, Tennessee November 11, 1805(9). Jacob was born in 1780 in Buckingham County, Virginia, and he died before March 5, 1838 in Greene County, Tennessee. Barbara gave birth to twins in 1806: a son named John, who did not live, and James. Apparently, Barbara was ill after the double birth, an illness that lasted a long time.. The infant James went to live with his uncle and aunt in Person County, North Carolina: Samuel Garrett, Jr. (1772-1858) and Elizabeth Broughton (1778-1858). James was raised in their household with their children. I doubt that he had any contact with his natural parents. His parents were happy that he was settled in a good household. [Note: I will cover Samuel and his family after I finish with Jacob.]

Jacob and his brother Samuel came from a prominent Garrett family from Chesterfield and Buckingham Counties of Virginia. The records have been scrambled regarding that family. Everyone has a different opinion about them since so many of the original Buckingham, Virginia records are missing or destroyed(10).  Briefly, their ancestry follows:

Jacob and Samuel were the sons of John Garrett (1743-1831)  and Elizabeth Amonet/Amonett (1743-1789). I seriously doubt that Samuel was Elizabeth’s son since John and Elizabeth were married December 7, 1778 in Chesterfield County, Virginia. Samuel was born in 1772, as is verified on the 1850 Giles County, Tennessee Census(11). Some people have attempted to compensate for this by changing Samuel’s birthdate to 1783 or 1785. Doing that throws everything else off, however. Since Samuel was the oldest child, I believe John had an earlier marriage and his first wife’s name is  unknown.  The children of John Garrett and Elizabeth Amonet/Amonett follow:

  • Samuel Garrett (1772-1858). About to be discussed. Probably by John’s first wife.
  • Jacob Garrett (1780-1838). Under discussion
  • Pleasant Garrett (1781-1826). Pleasant was born September 10, 1781 in North Carolina, and he died December 20, 1826 in Jefferson County, Tennessee. His wife was Margaret Peggy Brevard (1793-1876). Their children were: (a) John Garrett (b. 1810); (b) James Garrett (b. 1811); (c) John B. Campbell Garrett (1813-1891); (d) Priscilla Garrett (1814-1894); (e) William Moore Garrett (b. 1816); (f) Elizabeth Jane Garrett (b. 1820); (g) Albert Francis Marion Garrett (1822-1891); (h) Pleasant Jasper Garrett (b. 1824); (i) Margaret Jerusha Garrett, who died in 1907.
  • Elizabeth Garrett (1784-1860). She was born in Virginia, and she died in Rockcastle, Madison, Kentucky. Her records are really confusing, so I won’t extend her line. John and Elizabeth Amonett Garrett had a daughter named Elizabeth. That is the only information I can verify.
  • Margaret Garrett (b. 1789). I have no additional information.

[Note: The family information for John Garrett and Elizabeth Amonet/Amonett comes from The Garrett Family of Craighead Co. and Greene County, Arkansas website](12).

John Garrett was the son of Isaac Garrett (1719-1775) and Ann (Rux??). Isaac was the son of John Smith Garrett (1690-1743) and Susannah Featherstone Burton (b. 1695) of Amelia County, Virginia(13).

***

By 1808, Jacob Garrett and Barbara Jack began having additional children of their own.  I acquired a copy of Jacob’s will in order to verify them:

  • Sarah Elizabeth “Sally” Garrett (1808-1851). Sally was born in Greene County, Tennessee in 1808, and she died in 1851 in Navarro, Ellis County, Texas. Her husband was Abijah Smith Gibbs (1805-1860). Their children were: (a) William Riley Gibbs (1827-1892); (b) Elisabeth Gibbs, born 1830; (c) Mary Anne Gibbs, born 1833; (d) Barbara G. Gibbs, born 1835; (e) Sarah J. Gibbs, born 1837; (f) James Patrick Gibbs (1839-1925); (g) John S. Gibbs, born 1841; (h) Martha R. Gibbs, born 1843; (I) Drucilla E. Gibbs, born 1845; (j) Lucy C. Gibbs, born 1849.
  • Elizabeth J. Garrett (1810-1870). [Note: Elizabeth’s records are often jumbled with her sister Margaret. Jacob’s will indicates they were separate individuals]. Elizabeth was born in November 1810 in Greene County, Tennessee, and she died in 1870 in Liberty, Bollinger, Missouri. Her husband was William Youngblood (1806-1870). Their children were: (a) Alfred Mory Youngblood (1827-1864); (b) Son Youngblood (1829-1829); (c) John Garet Youngblood (1831-1890); (d) Dr. James M. Youngblood (1833-1879); (e) Martin V. Youngblood (1841-1881); (f) Barbara “Barbary” Youngblood (b. 1843); (g) Mary Magdalene Youngblood (1844-1873); (h) William O. Youngblood (1846-1903); (I) Elizabeth Youngblood (b. 1851); (j) Sarah A. Youngblood (b. 1851); (k) Emma Youngblood (b. 1853); (l) Lincoln Youngblood (b. 1854).
  • Margaret Garrett (1811-bef. 1860). Margaret was born in Greene County, Tennessee in 1811, and she died before 1860 in Greene County, Tennessee. About 1825, she married a Waddell (sometimes spelled Waddle). He died before 1827. As yet, I haven’t discovered his full name. [Note: This was an interesting discovery for me since my husband Howard lived just outside Greenville, Tennessee when he was a boy, and his best friend was a Waddell. We’ve been back to Greene County on two different trips, and enjoyed the hospitality there immensely. We also toured the old town of  Jonesboro and saw Davy Crockett’s birthplace there.  I understand the Waddells were among the early pioneers in the area. Some of the Waddells, Crocketts and Garretts intermarried.  No doubt, Howard’s Waddell friends were in some way related to the Waddell who married Margaret Garrett! On July 23, 1827, Margaret Garrett Waddell married Allen Kennedy (1809-1833) in Greene County, Tennessee). Allen was born in 1809 in Greene County, and he died in Greene County April 19, 1833. According to the Greene County, Tennessee Cemetery Records:
Name Allen Kennedy
Relation husband
Relative Margaret Kennedy
Birth Date 1809
Death Date 19 Apr 1833
Age 24 Years
Comments Sacred to the Memory of Allen Kennedy
Cemetery Name Greene County Tomb Stone Records Mt. Zion Cemetery
Cemetery Description Located 9 miles southeast of Greeneville, on road connecting the John Sevier Highway and Jones Bridge roads in the 22nd Civil District of Greens County. This cemetery is on the grounds of the United Presbyterian Church at that point(14).

Allen and Margaret had the following children: (a) Jacob Martin Kennedy, born 1828–who is mentioned in his grandfather’s will as Jacob Kennedy; (b) John Wesley Kennedy (1831-1896); and (c) Martha Kennedy (1833-1850).

  • John Garrett (1813-bef 1838). John was born in 1813 in Greene County, Tennessee, and he died before 1838 in Greene County. His wife’s name is unknown, but they had a son named William Jacob Garrett, who was born before 1838 in Greene County, Tennessee, and who is mentioned in his grandfather’s will as William Jacob Garrett.
  • Magdelene Garrett (1815-aft 1838). Magdelene was born in Greene County, Tennessee, and she died after 1838 in Greene County, Tennessee. I have no additional information about her. She is named in her father’s will.

[Note:  Information about the children of Jacob Garrett and Barbara Jack is from his will dated January 26, 1838 and entered for probate March 5, 1838. His will mentions his wife Barbary; his grandson “William Jacob, son of my son John Garrett, Deceased”; daughter Sarah; daughter Elizabeth; daughter Margaret; daughter Magdalene; the fact that daughter Margaret married a Kennedy and had a child: Jacob Kennedy(15).]

Some people think Jacob had a second marriage–that he married Barbara Jack in 1805 (which he did), and that he married a Rachel Stone in Madison County, Kentucky in 1806 (which he did not). That was a different Jacob Garrett. This Jacob had only one wife–Barbara Jack. She was the mother of all of his children, and she was still alive when he died in 1838, according to his will. He settled in Greene County, Tennessee, and he stayed there!

His will  does not mention the oldest surviving twin, James Garrett (b. 1806), but James was placed in the Samuel Garrett household as an infant where he bonded with Samuel’s family. It is doubtful that there was any relationship between James and his real parents. James grew up presuming that Samuel and  Elizabeth were his real parents and that he was born in Person County, North Carolina. It didn’t bother him that one brother had the name of James. People often used the same name in the same generation; the second James was James B. Garrett. I have yet to discover James Garret’s middle name, although it may have been Harvey since his son was given that name: James Harvey Garrett.

***

Samuel Garrett, Jr. was born in 1772 in Chesterfield or Buckingham County, Virginia, and he died in 1758 in Pulaski, Giles County, Tennessee. On September 3, 1798, he married Elizabeth Broughton (1778-1858) in Amelia County, Virginia(16). After their marriage, they moved to Person County, North Carolina, where most of their children were born:

  • Parthenia Garrett (1799-1840). Parthenia was born in Person County, North Carolina about 1799, and she died in Giles County, Tennessee in 1840. On June 22, 1820, she married John Alfrod Tillman (1790-1855) in Giles County, Tennessee(10). Their children were: (a) Harriet Tilman, born 1822; (b) William Turner Tillman (1822-1892); (c) John Alexander Tillman (1825-1884); (d) James Henderson Tillman (1827-1884); (e) George Washington Tillman (1829-1919)(17).
  • Addison Broughton Garrett (1800-1874). Addison was born in Person County, North Carolina about 1800, and he died in 1874 in Giles County, Tennessee. His records are sometimes confused with his brother, James B. Garrett, who, as already mentioned, is not the James Garrett under discussion here. His wife was Elizabeth McKay (1800-1850), whom he married about 1815. Their children were: (a) James Garrett (1815-1855)–not the James Garrett under discussion here either; (b) Mary Ann Garrett (1825-1878); (c) Henry S. Garrett (1827-1875); (d) Elizabeth B. Garrett (1831-1866); (e) John Thomas Garrett (1833-1878); (f) Nancy Garrett (1836-1878); (g) Isham Stephens Garrett (1838-1863); (h) Abegale Garrett (1843-1926); (I) Ethlinda Ann Garrett (1848-1878)(18). Addison appears to have had two additional marriages: Martha Keath on October 24, 1856 in Giles County, Tennessee, and Mary Gordon on March 14, 1865 in Giles County, Tennessee(19).
  • James B. Garrett (1802-1891). James was born October 6, 1802 in Person County, North Carolina, and he died September 4, 1891 in Lauderdale County, Tennessee. His wife was Harriet Tilman (b. 1823). Their children were: (a) Martha Ann Garrett (1848-1889); (b) John Jackson Garrett (1851-1931); (c) Elizabeth Phoebe Garrett (b. 1853); (d) Samuel Garrett (b. 1860); (e) Nancy J. Garrett (b. 1861). As noted, he is not the James Garrett under discussion here  and is the other brother with the same first name. By 1836, he appears on the tax records for Haywood County, Tennessee(20). By 1850, he was back in Giles County(21). By 1880, he relocated to Lauderdale County, Tennessee, where he appears on the Census(22). James B. Garrett died September 4, 1891 in Lauderdale County, Tennessee, and he is buried in the Crossroads Cemetery, Ripley, Lauderdale County, Tennessee(23).
  • Henderson Alexander Garrett (1807-1860). This is one of the families who settled in Haywood County. Henderson was born in Person County, North Carolina in 1807, and he died after 1860 in Haywood County, Tennessee. His wife was Amanda Rickman, who was born in 1812 in Tennessee. [Note: The 1850 Census for Haywood County, Tennessee shows James Garrett living next door to a large family of Rickmans. I believe they were Amanda’s relatives(24).] Their children were: (a)William Garrett (1835-1864); (b) Marcus A. Garrett (born 1838); (c) Augustus Garrett (b. 1839); (d) Elizabeth Garrett (1840-1870); (e) Mary E. Garrett (b. 1844); (f) Henderson Garrett (1846-1864); (g) James Garrett (b. 1848). Henderson and his family appear on the 1850 census for District 10, Haywood County, Tennessee(25) as well as the 1860 Census for District 10, Haywood County, Tennessee(26)
  • Mary Martha Garrett (1809-1860). Mary was born in Person County, North Carolina in 1809, and she died after 1860 in District 10, Haywood County, Tennessee. Her husband was Isaac Ishom (Isom) Rainey (1807-1853). He was born May 4, 1807 in Brunswick, Virginia, and he died January 8, 1853 in District 10, Haywood County, Tennessee(27). He is buried in the Crossroads Cemetery, Ripley, Lauderdale County, Tennessee. [Note: A number of these people are buried in that cemetery who all died about the same period of time.11

I have an idea that James Garrett, his wife Jane Spence, and their two children are buried there without markers.] Mary Martha last appears on the 1860 Census in Haywood County with several of her children. Mary Martha and Isaac Isom’s children were: (a) William Charles Rainey (1827-1927); (b) Adolphus Rainey (1832); (c) Addison Levi (A. L.) Rainey (b. 1835); (d) Frances Rainey (b. 1836); (e) Samuel Rainey (b. 1838); (f) James W. Rainey (b. 1839); (g) Elizabeth Rainey (1844-1848); (h) Martha Rainey (1847-1856); (I) Henderson Alexander Rainey (1848-1906); (j) Amanda J. Rainey (1850-1929). Mary may have married a Hendren prior to her marriage to Isom. Her Find-a-Grave Memorial follows:

Birth: 1809 North Carolina, USA
Death: unknown Lauderdale County Tennessee, USA
Wife of Isom/Isham Rainey. She would have died sometime between 1860-1870 in Lauderdale County.Isom and Mary Rainey had children: William C. Rainey, b. 1830 Giles Co. A.dison L. Rainey (twin) Adolphus Rainey (twin) Delicia Frances Rainey mar. Joseph Hendren Samuel Rainey, b. 1837 Giles or Madison Co. James A. Rainey, b. 1839 Giles or Madison Co. Elizabeth Rainey, b. 1844 Madison Co. Martha Rainey, b. 1847 Madison or Haywood Co. Henderson A. Rainey, b. 1848 Haywood Co. Amanda J. Rainey, mar. William CoffmanFamily links: Spouse: Isom Rainey (____ – 1853)Children: Addison L. Rainey (1835 – 1911)* Samuel B Rainey (1837 – 1911)* James W Rainey (1839 – 1913)**Calculated relationship
Burial: Crossroads Cemetery Ripley Lauderdale County Tennessee, USA
Created by: Southern Roots ღ Record added: Sep 14, 2015 Find A Grave Memorial# 152316667(28)
  • Phoebe (Phebe) Garrett (1815-bef. 1860). Phoebe Garrett was born about 1815 in Person County, North Carolina, and she died before 1860 in Haywood County, Tennessee. She appears to have never married and was living with her parents in Giles County in 1850(29). Her parents both died in 1858. After her parents’ deaths, she moved to Haywood County, Tennessee, where other relatives were living.
  • Nancy Garrett (1817-1858). Nancy was born in Person County, North Carolina in 1817, and she died in Giles County, Tennessee in 1858. She does not appear on the 1850 Census in the Samuel Garrett household(29). I do not know whether she married or remained single.
  • Samuel Jackson Garrett (1818-1895). Samuel Jackson Garrett was born in Giles County, Tennessee–indicating the Samuel Garrett family had moved there by then–and he died April 6, 1895 in Gates, Lauderdale County, Tennessee. He is buried in the Crossroads Cemetery, Ripley, Lauderdale, Tennessee. His Find-a-Grave Memorial follows:
Birth: Oct. 18, 1818 Giles County Tennessee, USA
Death: Apr. 6, 1895 Gates Lauderdale County Tennessee, USA
Wife: Mary McColpin Garrett Father: Samuel Garrett Mother: Elizabeth Broughton Garrett Children: James Monroe, Alra R., Ira, Henderson, Letitia, Vera, Wesley
Burial: Crossroads Cemetery Ripley Lauderdale County Tennessee, USA
Created by: Christy Ball Record added: Jul 13, 2001 Find A Grave Memorial# 5608749(30)

Samuel’s wife was Mary McColpin (1836-1897). Their children were: (a) Monroe Garrett (b. 1862); (b) Alva Garrett (b. 1864); (c) Alra R. Garrett (1864-1906); (d) Ira Garrett (b. 1866); (e) Henderson Garrett (b. 1869); (f) Lutita Garrett (b. 1872); (g) Bera Garrett (b. 1875).

  • Elizabeth A. Garrett (1828-1858). Elizabeth was born in 1828 in Giles County, Tennessee, and she died in 1858 in Giles County. While her name appears on an accepted list of Samuel and Elizabeth’s children, I can’t help but think she was a grandchild. If her date of birth is correct, Samuel would have been seventy-eight, and Elizabeth would have been seventy-two. Likewise, a young woman named Timmantha Garrett (b. 1838) appears on the same 1850 Census in Samuel’s household(31). Timmantha disappears from the records while many people believe Elizabeth lived until 1858. Then Elizabeth disappears from the records. Unless the dates of birth are wrong, these two women were probably grandchildren. Perhaps Samuel and Elizabeth took in a number of orphaned children from the various Garrett families over the years.

The Life and Times of James Garrett

And so it seemed only natural for James Garrett to accompany the Samuel Garrett family from Person County, North Carolina to Giles County, Tennessee. The move to Tennessee occurred around 1818 when James was twelve years old. Giles County sounded like an interesting place. James was eager for excitement.

A brief history of Giles County from the Wikipedia site follows:

Giles County is named after William Branch Giles, a Senator from Virginia who sponsored the admission of Tennessee as the sixteenth state into the Union. He also sponsored the building of the city and courthouse, which has burned four times. The current courthouse was built in 1859 by the George Moore and Sons company. It cost about thirty thousand dollars to complete. Though it stood through the Civil War, it suffered much damage. One of Giles County’s local heroes is James McCallum, who served as Grandmaster of the Tennessee Masons, a member of the Confederate Congress, and mayor. He lived in Giles County for seventy years.

Until Maury County was established in November 1807, the area of the future Giles County was considered to be part of Williamson County. Two years after the formation of Maury County, Giles County was created from southern Maury County on November 14, 1809 by an act of the State Legislature. Nearly half of the new county lay in Chickasaw territory until September 1816(32)

The reference to Williamson County quickly caught my attention. Many of my Spence and related families lived in the area. Samuel Garrett often traveled to Williamson on business, as well as to Davidson County. Young James no doubt accompanied him. And it was on one such excursion where Samuel Garrett met Elisha Spence, and young James soon met the rest of the family. The two families often got together. James Garrett and Mary Jane Spence probably knew one another for some time before “romantic sparks” began to fly between them. Then in 1830, the Elisha Spence family moved to Madison County.

“If you go over there, let me know. I’d like to tag along!” James told Samuel one day.

“Hmmm! I wonder why!” Samuel Smiled.

Elisha died in 1835. His family moved from Madison to Marshall County. And by 1836, James B. Garrett appeared on the tax records for Haywood County. James accompanied him whenever he went over there, stopping by Marshall to see Jane. Then Jane’s mother died in early 1842. After the funeral, she told James she was moving to Williamson County where two of her sisters and her brother lived. James and Jane were married September 21, 1842 in Williamson County. By then, a number of the Garrett brothers were moving to Haywood County. James and Jane would move there as well.

They had two children who appear to be twins: Harvey and Sarah, born in 1844. They last appear on the 1850 Census for Haywood County in District 10(33).

James was a farmer, although I’ve read some glorious accounts focused upon who he may have been. Those accounts also include his wife Jane. She bears the McDearmon surname in some accounts, even though people making that claim use the 1842 marriage record clearly showing her surname as SPENCE. Mary Jane Spence was NEVER a McDearmon–probably the reason why I spent so much time working on this article during the week!

One wild story connects James Garrett with a Rev. James Garrett, a minister in the Anglican Church, who spent years preaching in Tasmania. (James and Jane were Baptists, Methodists, or Presbyterians, and they  stayed in Tennessee). That same story connects the daughter Sarah with two marriages: one to a Jones in Eastern Tennessee, and the other to someone in Australia where they had a number of children. Those Garretts did exist in Australia, but they were not James Garrett (1806-1860), Mary Jane Spence (1813-1860) or their children Harvey and Sarah! All four members of my James Garrett family disappear in Haywood County, Tennessee before the 1860 Census.

When you stop and think about it–I decided–a number of people disappeared in Haywood County around 1860!

While James Garrett, Jane Spence and the children disappear before 1860, the 1860 Mortality Chart for Haywood County, Tennessee lists pneumonia as  the cause of numerous deaths that year in District 10(34). The Garretts may have died of pneumonia.  Those farms were all close together and family members frequently interacted with one another. The Garretts may have even died in the early 1850s. Isom Rainey died in 1853. He and his wife were in District 10 in 1850. Neither James nor Jane nor their children appear on any 1860 Census that I have studied!

I don’t know where this family is buried. A number of the Garretts and their relatives are buried in Crossroads Cemetery, Ripley, Lauderdale, Tennessee, so I suspect these Garretts are buried there as well. Many graves are unmarked. As I recall, over 200 people are buried in Crossroads.

One thing I definitely know is this: James Garrett (1806-1860), Mary Jane Spence (1813-1860) or their children certainly aren’t buried in Tasmania!

 

This article continues with Part 3: Joseph Spence (1816-1860)

 

References

(1)  Official Copy of James Garrett and Mary Jane Spence Marriage Record. Bond posted: 20 Sep 1842. Marriage: 21 Sep 1842, Williamson County, Tennessee. Obtained from the Tennessee State Library & Archives, Nashville, Tennessee.

(2) Tennessee State Marriage Records for James Garrett and Jane Spence. Ancestry.com, Provo, Utah. Date Accessed: 23 Sep 2015. Available online at http://www.ancestry.com

(3) 1850 Census for Haywood County, Tennessee, the James Garrett Family. Ancestry.com, Provo, Utah. Date Accessed: 23 Sep 2015. Available online at http://www.ancestry.com

(4) 1850 Census for Haywood County, Tennessee, the James Garrett Family. Ancestry.com, Provo, Utah. Date Accessed: 23 Sep 2015. Available online at http://www.ancestry.com

(5) Elisha Spence Estate Inventory, dated November 1835, Madison County, Tennessee. Listed on the records as “Li Spens.” Official copy obtained from the Tennessee State Library & Archives, Nashville, Tennessee.

(6) 1840 Census for Jane Spence, Marshall County, Tennessee. Ancestry.com, Provo, Utah. Date Accessed: 26 Sep 2015. Available online at http://www.ancestry.com

(7)  Summary of 1840 Census for Jane Spence household, Marshall County, Tennessee. Ancestry.com, Provo, Utah. Date Accessed: 26 Sep 2015. Available online at http://www.ancestry.com

(8) Haywood County, Tennessee, from the Wikipedia site. Wikipedia.org. Article last modified 29 Aug 2015. Date Accessed: 26 Sep 2015. Available online at https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Haywood_County,_Tennessee

(9) Tennessee State Marriage Records for Jacob Garrett and Barbary Jack, Ancestry.com, Provo, Utah. Date Accessed: 28 Sep 2015. Available online at http://www.ancestry.com

(10) Early Virginia Garretts–portions on Ancestry.com, Provo, Utah. Date Accessed: 28 Sep 2015. Available online at http://www.ancestry.com

(11) 1850 Census for Samuel and Elizabeth Garrett, Giles County, Tennessee. Ancestry.com, Provo, Utah. Date Accessed: 28 Sep 2015. Available online at http://www.ancestry.com

(12) Bill Crouch (1997). Garrett Family of Craighead Co. and Greene County, Arkansas. Created 1997. Genweb.com. Date Accessed: 28 Sep 2015. Available online at http://www.couchgenweb.com/family/garrett.htm

(13)Bill Crouch (1997). Garrett Family of Craighead Co. and Greene County, Arkansas. Created 1997. Genweb.com. Date Accessed: 26 Sep 2015. Available online at http://www.couchgenweb.com/family/garrett.htm

(14) Greene County, Tennessee Cemetery Records about Allen Kennedy. Ancestry.com, Provo, Utah. Date Accessed: 28 Sep 2015. Available online at http://www.ancestry.com

(15) Tennessee, Wills and Probate Records, 1779-2008 about Jacob Garrett. Ancestry.com, Provo, Utah. Date Accessed: 28 Sep 2015. Available online at http://www.ancestry.com

(16) Virginia Marriage Records, 1700-1850 about Samuel Garrett and Elizabeth Broughton. Ancestry.com, Provo, Utah. Date Accessed: 26 Sep 2015. Available online at http://www.ancestry.com.

(17) The record and genealogy of the (Tilghman-Tillman-Tilman-Tilmon) family, 1225-1938 : compiled from an original mss. by James D. Ancestry.com, Provo, Utah. Date Accessed: 26 Sep 2015. Available online at http://www.ancestry.com

(18) Bill Crouch (1997). Garrett Family of Craighead Co. and Greene County, Arkansas. Created 1997. Genweb.com. Date Accessed: 26 Sep 2015. Available online at http://www.couchgenweb.com/family/garrett.htm

(19) Tennessee State Marriage Records about Addison Garrett and Mary Gordon. Ancestry.com, Provo, Utah. Date Accessed: 26 Sep 2015. Available online at http://www.ancestry.com

(20) Early Tennessee Tax Records; James Garrett (1836-Haywood). Ancestry.com, Provo, Utah. Date Accessed: 26 Sep 2015. Available online at http://www.ancestry.com

(21) 1850 Census for Giles County, Tennessee, James B. Garrett. Ancestry.com, Provo, Utah. Date Accessed: 26 Sep 2015. Available online at http://www.ancestry.com

(22) 1880 Censes of Lauderdale County, Tennessee, James B. Garrett. Ancestry.com, Provo, Utah. Date Accessed: 26 Sep 2015. Available online at http://www.ancestry.com

(23) Find-a-Grave Index for James B. Garrett. Ancestry.cim, Provo, Utah. Date Accessed: 26 Sep 2015. Available online at http://www.ancestry.com

(24) 1850 Census for James Garrett, Haywood County, Tennessee. Ancestry.com, Provo, Utah. Date Accessed: 28 Sep 2015. Available online at http://www.ancestry.com

(25) 1850 Census for Henderson Garrett, Ancestry.com, Provo, Utah. Date Accessed: 28 Sep 2015. Available online at http://www.ancestry.com

(26) 1860 Census for Henderson Garrett, Ancestry.com, Provo, Utah. Date Accessed: 28 Sep 2015. Available online at http://www.ancestry.com

(27) Isaac Ishom (Isom) Rainey Find-a-Grave Memorial. Index at Ancestry.com, Provo, Utah. Date Accessed: 28 Sep 2015. Available online at http://www.ancestry.com

(28) Mary Garrett Hendren Rainey Find-a-Grave Memorial. Find-a-Grave.com. Created by: SouthernRoots Record added: Sep 14, 2015, Find A Grave Memorial# 152316667. Date Accessed: 28 Sep 2015. Available online at http://www.findagrave.com

(29) 1850 Census for Samuel Garrett, Giles County, Tennessee. Ancestry.com, Provo, Utah. Date Accessed: 28 Sep 2015. Available online at http://www.ancestry.com

(30) Samuel Jackson Garrett Find-a-Grave Memorial # 5608749.  Find-a-Grave.com Website. Date Accessed: 28 Sep 2015. Available online at http://www.ancestry.com

(31) 1850 Census for Samuel Garrett, Giles County, Tennessee. Ancestry.com, Provo, Utah. Date Accessed: 28 Sep 2015. Available online at http://www.ancestry.com

(32) Giles County, Tennessee from the Wikipedia Site: Wikipedia.org.  Last Updated: 29 Aug 2015. Date Accessed: 26 Sep 2015. Available online at https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Giles_County,_Tennessee

(33) 1850 Census, District 10, Haywood County, Tennessee for James Garrett. Ancestry.com, Provo, Utah. Date Accessed: 28 Sep 2015. Available online at http://www.ancestry.com

(34) 1860 Mortality Schedule, Haywood County, Tennessee. Genealogy Trails Website. Date Accessed: 28 Sep 2015. Available online at http://genealogytrails.com/tenn/haywood/cenmort1860.html

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Elisha Spence (1776-1835)–The Second Family: Part One–Angeline Spence (1811-1860) and David Lemasters (1795-1848)

Lewis & Clark Statue, St. Charles, Missouri--along the River. (I've had this in my files for a number of years. No information about original source.)

Lewis & Clark Statue, St. Charles, Missouri–overlooking the River. (I’ve had this in my files for a number of years. No information about original source.)

 

Robert Bell came from Guilford County, North Carolina in 1783 and settled near Bledsoe’s Lick in Sumner County. Later he moved to Mill Creek, 10 miles Southeast of Nashville. He died February 1816 of small pox, aged about 85 years. He was twice married and had a total of 19 children: six by his first wife and 13  by his second wife, Mary. His first wife’s name is not known(1)

Capt. Robert Bell was born December 1736 in Guilford County, North Carolina, and he died March 26, 1816 in Davidson County, Tennessee. He was the son of John Bell (1710-1750), who was born in New York and who died in Cumberland County, Pennsylvania, and Elizabeth Fell. His first wife was Katherine Walker (1742-1773). Their children were: (1) Mary Bell (1763-1827); (2) Sarah Bell, who died in 1821; (3) Rebecca Bell, who died in 1816; (4) John Bell, who died in 1829; (5) Abraham Bell, who died in 1769; (6) Samuel Bell (1766-1836); (7) Ann Bell (1768-1860); (8) Catherine Walker Bell (1770-1857); (9) Robert Fielding Bell (1773-1853). [Note: I did not extend these lines because I am uncertain how accurate they are!]

His second wife was Mary Jane Boyd, who was born in 1754 in North Carolina, and who died in childbirth July 24, 1795 in Davidson County, Tennessee. She was the daughter of John Boyd (1720-1766) and Rebecca (1730-1758) Their children were:

  1. James Bell (1777-1823). James was born August 23, 1777 in Guilford County, North Carolina, and he died June 23, 1823 in Wilson County, Tennessee. His wife was Mary Dean (1777-1829)
  2. Hugh F. Bell (1779-1850). Hugh was born May 1, 1779 in Guilford County, North Carolina, and he died in 1850 in Pontotoc, Mississippi. His wife was Margaret McKinney (1781-1840). Their children were: (a) Caroline Bell (1802-1887); (b) Zilpha Bell (1803-1889); (c) Alfred Bell, born 1805; (d) Paris Dooley Bell (b. 1807); (e) Florence M. Bell (1812-1872); (f) Jane Bell, born 1814; (g) Robert Allen Bell (1816-1896); (h) Mary Boyd Bell (1817-1864); (I) James Daniel Bell (1818-1882); (j) Adeline Bell, born 1827.
  3. Daniel Bell (1780-1814). Daniel was born in Guilford County, North Carolina in 1780, and he died in New Orleans, Louisiana in 1814.
  4. Francis Marion Bell (1782-1866). Francis was born November 23, 1782 in Rowan County, North Carolina, and he died June 21, 1866 in Talula, Menard, Illinois. His first wife was Peggy Bails (1789-1807), and his second wife was Elizabeth Allen (1790-1835), by whom he had his children.  Their children were: (a) Margaret Patsy Bell (1809-1892); (b) Margaret Bell (1810-1885); (c) Thomas Allen Bell (1811-1870); (d) Mary Bell (1812-1902); (e) Andrew Jackson Bell (b. 1814); (f) Robert Washington Bell (1814-1845); (g) Daniel R. Bell (1815-1868); (h) Zachariah Bell (1817-1854); (I) Francis Marion Bell (1819-1879); (j) Margery Ann Bell (1822-1858); (k) John Jefferson Bell (1823-1875); (l) William Carrol bell (1826-1900).
  5. William Bell (1784-1850). William was born in Guilford County, North Carolina about 1784, and he died after 1850 in Sumner County, Tennessee.
  6. David Bell (1786-1863). David was born July 2, 1786 in Guilford County, North Carolina, and he died August 1, 1863 in Robertson County, Tennessee.
  7. Thomas Bell (1789-1879). Thomas was born September 13, 1789 in Guilford County, North Carolina, and he died in September 1879 of pericarditis in Rutherford County, Tennessee. His first was Martha Edmiston (1797-1845). Their children were: (a) George D. Bell (b. 1818); (b) Robert F. Bell (b. 1823) and (c) Lycurgus Bell. His second wife’s name was Catherine, born 1816.
  8. Nathaniel Bell (1790-1844). Nathaniel was born May 3, 1790 in Davidson County, Tennessee, and he died in 1844. His wife was Eleanor Johnston (1780-1867).
  9. Sarah “Sally” Bell (1792-1848). Sarah was born in Tennessee in 1792, and she died March 3, 1848 in Greene County, Illinois.  Her husband was John Allen (1792-18410.
  10. Mary Jane Bell (1795-1842). [The subject under discussion here.]

 

Elisha Spence (1776-1835) and Mary Jane Bell (1795-1842)

Mary Jane Bell was born July 24, 1795, probably in Davidson County, Tennessee. In 1810, her father took her to Elisha Spence’s home. The two families knew one another from their time in North Carolina, and they reunited in Davidson County, Tennessee. They lived close to one another south of Nashville. Elisha’s wife had just died in childbirth, and Elisha was in desperate need of help since he had several small children in the household. Jane became a nanny to the children; she bonded with the family. On October 25, 1810, Elisha and Jane Bell married in Davidson County, Tennessee(2). Four children were born of this marriage.

The rest of this article is devoted to those four children and their families. It has been divided into several parts. This one is devoted to the oldest daughter: Angeline Penelope Spence.

.

Angeline Penelope Spence (1811-1860) and David Lemasters (1795-1848)

Angeline Penelope Spence was born about 1811 in Davidson County, Tennessee, and she died before 1860 in St. Charles, St. Louis, Missouri. She appears to have idolized her older brothers: Samuel and Daniel, and she bonded well with Milly Catherine. She also idolized Levi, but he relocated to North Carolina, so she saw little of him until later. And she became a big sister to the younger children, helping her mother manage the household. A young woman her age appears in the Elisha Spence household on the 1820(3) and 1830 Census(4). Shortly after the 1830 Census, the Elisha Spence family relocated to Madison County, Tennessee, where Elisha died in November 1835(5). After Elisha’s death, the older children began planning their move to Missouri, which they achieved by 1837(6). Angeline wanted to go with them, but her mother did not want to leave Tennessee. By 1840, Jane relocated to Marshall County, Tennessee, where she appears on the Census with her children(7).  Angeline probably moved to Marshall County with her mother; a young woman approximately her age is in the household. The 1840 Census is the last record I could find for her mother. In all likelihood, Jane Bell Spence died in 1842–the year Angeline relocated to Missouri and joined her siblings there. 1842 was also the year when Angeline met her future husband.

David Lemasters was born in 1795 in Virginia, and he died in 1848 in St. Charles, St. Louis, Missouri. His parents were Isaac Lemaster, who was born in Charles County, Maryland in 1748 and who died in St. Charles, St. Louis, Missouri in 1802,  and Nancy Ann Scott (born 1750). His paternal grandparents were Isaac Lemasters, born in Charles County, Maryland in 1728; died in 1802 in Davidson County, Tennessee, and Ann Flint (1730-1802). His paternal great-grandparents were Joseph Lemaster, born in St. Marys, Maryland in 1693; died 1730 in Charles County, Maryland, and Catherine Ward (1695-1730). David came from a large family of true pioneers, many of whom were trailblazers and over-mountain men.

The family of Isaac Lemaster and Nancy Ann Scott follow: [Note: These family records have been terribly confused. I am only including the individuals I can verify.]

  1. Mary Lemasters (1769-1837). Mary was born in Allegany County, Maryland in 1769, and she died in Pike County, Missouri in 1837. She had two husbands: Nathaniel Clark (1772-1792) and Thomas Jefferson Mackey (1774-1858), by whom she had her child: Mary Mackey (1801-1879). According to a biographical account of Thomas Jefferson Mackey:

Hon. Harrison G. Mackey, one of the old and prominent citizens of Pike County. . . .His father was Thomas J. Mackey, born in North Carolina, July 26, 1809. He in turn was the son of THOMAS Sr., also a native of the same State and of Irish ancestry. The latter was born in 1774, and came to Missouri in 1814 from Tennessee, where he had made his home for about ten years. He located in what is now St. Charles County, farming there for about two years, when he moved to what is now Pike County and Calumet Township. He had made a claim of a quarter section of land, but being prospered in his farming interests he added to this acreage until he bacame the possessor of three hundred and twenty acres. Thomas, Sr., was a very public-spirited man, helping forward all movements calculated to aid in the development of his community, and among the enterprises in which he was interested was the first grist mill in the section. He was an intimate friend of Gen. Jackson, and consequently was a strong Democrat in politics. He was a leader in the Cumberland Presbyterian Church in his locality, in the faith of which he died in November, 1858, at the home of his son-in-law in Marion County. He was married to a Miss Masters, and to them were born eleven children. (note – errors noted are that his son Thomas J. was born in Tennessee not North Carolina and he married {Mary} Lemasters not Masters cs (8).

2. Benjamin Evans Lemasters (1784-1842). Benjamin was born in 1780, and he died November 10, 1842 in St. Charles, Missouri. I’m going to extend his line because some of the research I did years ago applies to Benjamin’s household and not to David Lemasters’. According to the Swearingen, Lemasters, Francis, Winfrey Family History Book under “Notes for Benjamin Lemasters:

Benjamin Evans Lemasters: Benjamin served in the military on Jun. 7,1812 in Boone’s Rangers, Missouri Territory. This statement is before the list of men in the unit: “Muster Roll of a company of mounted Rangers under the command of Captain Nathan Boone in the service of the United States commanded by him from 7th June to 31 July 1812.” Listed as a Corporal is Evan Lemasters. He appeared on the census in 1830 and 1840 in St. Charles Co., Missouri(9).

[Note: Nathan Boone was a son of Daniel Boone.]

The Lemasters, Francis, Winfrey book states that Benjamin was born in 1780 in Tennessee; other sources claim that he was born in Monongalia County, Virginia. The Lemasters book identifies his wife as Nancy Jones, who was born about 1786 in Blount County, Tennessee. Other sources identify his wife as Adria Journey (b. 1781), who may have been a second wife. The Lemasters, Francis, Winfrey book identifies the  children of Benjamin Lemasters and Nancy Jones as:

i. Isaac Lawrence  Lemasters, born Bet. 1816 – 1820 in Missouri; died Feb 2, 1857 in Carrollton, Carroll Co., Missouri.

ii. Nancy Lemasters, born Bet. 1811 -1815.

iii. Mary Lemasters, born Dec 21, 1815 in Missouri; died 1890 in Marysville, Nodaway CO., Missouri.

iv. Daughter Lemasters, born Bet. 1802- 1817.

v. Audrey Lemasters.

vi. Benjamin Franklin Lemasters, born Nov 10, 1824; died 1856 in Carrollton, Carroll Co., Missouri.

vii. Amanda “Manda” Lemasters.

viii. Martha Lemasters, born Bet. 1821 – 1825.

The two most important references for my purposes here center upon Isaac Lawrence Lemasters (b. bet 1816-1820); d. 1857) and Nancy Jane Lemasters (1815-1860).

Isaac Lawrence Lemasters was born in St. Charles, Missouri in 1817, and he died February 2, 1857 in Carrollton, Carroll, Missouri. His first wife was Jane Henry (1823-1850), by whom he had his children, and his second wife was Elizabeth Elliott, about whom nothing is known. The children of Isaac Lemasters and Jane Henry were: (a) Abraham Lemasters (1843-1858); (b) John A. Lemasters (1844-1858); (c) David Lemasters (1848-aft 1860); (d) Georgeann “Ann” Lemasters (1849-1904); (e) George W. Lemasters (1849-1912).  David, Ann and George all appear on the 1860 Census for Isaac’s sister, Nancy, in Carroll County, Missouri(10). She was a widow, since her husband had died the previous year, and she took in Isaac’s three children with her own.

Nancy was born in St. Charles, Missouri in 1815, and she died after August 29, 1860 in Sugar Tree, Carroll County, Missouri. Her husband was William H. Harrison (1815-1859). Their children were: (a) Sophia Harrison (1838-1903); (b) Andrew E. Harrison (b. 1839); (c) Audrey Elizabeth Harrison (1840-1928); (d) William H. Harrison (b. 1846); Nancy Harrison (1846-1893); and Amanda T. Harrison (b. 1849).

(When I first started doing this research, I thought David, Ann and George were David Lemasters’ children. They were not.)

Returning to the children of Isaac Lemasters and Nancy Ann Scott:

3. Nancy Ann Lemaster (1786-1860). Nancy was born in 1786. Some people think she was born in Virginia. She died in Pike County, Missouri April 27, 1860. Her husband was John Mackey (1766-1840), and their son was Thomas Mackey (1809-1876).

4. David Lemasters (1795-1848). Under discussion here.

David Lemasters was born in Virginia in 1795, and he died January 7, 1848 in St. Charles, Missouri. David was a wanderer and an adventurer. According to The Jasper County History:

The First Permanent Settlements

The honor of having made the first permanent settlement in Jasper county belongs to Thacker Vivion, an emigrant from Kentucky, who located at the spring at the foot of the hill in Sarcoxie, about a stone­s throw southwest of the railroad depot at that place. Vivion is said to have been the first white man who settled permanently in the region of country west of the Turnback River in Lawrence County. He went to Texas about thirty years ago, and at a recent date was still living in that state. About the same time came John M. Fullerton, also from Kentucky, and settled near Sarcoxie where he died about the year 1850. These settlers were undisturbed for a year or two, but other pioneers soon began to make their appearance and to occupy the beautiful and promising country. Ephraim Beasly, Hiram Hanford, Ephraim Jenkins, and Thomas Boxly all came in the Spring of 1833. Mr. Beasley settled on Centre Creek, four mileswest of Sarcoxie, on the place now owned by Stephen M. Hood. Jenkins made his home on the creek which now bears his name a mile or two from Dr. Moss. ís William and Tryon Gibson arrived a little later in the year 1833. Tryon settled on the present site of the High Hill School House five miles southwest of Carthage. Abraham Onstott, the father of Judge John Onstott arrived with his family from Indiana, and stopped where Sarcoxie is now on the 13th of November, 1833, a night made memorable by the falling of the stars. Onstott remained there two or three weeks and then settled five miles south of Carthage. He lived there till 1860, and then removed to Texas and died there. Judge Onstott, his son, is now in all probability the oldest male settler in the County, and has lived within its limits longer than any other man. In the fall of 1833 David Lemasters also came to the County, and made a location on Centre Creek, on the farm now occupied by Thomas Alexander, five miles southwest of Carthage(11).

Like his brother, Benjamin Evans Lemasters, David appears on the 1810 Census in the Louisiana and Missouri Territory in “Muster Roll of a Company of mounted Rangers under the command of Captain Nathan Boone”-rank: Private; appointment or enlistment: 18 Jun18 Jun 1812; to what time: 12 months to 18 Jun 1813…”(12)

About 1816, David married Ann Mackey (1793-bef. 1843) in the Missouri-Louisiana Territory. She was the daughter of James Mackey (1759-1834) and Rebecca Scott (1767-1818), and she came from North Carolina. They had a number of children. However, I have only been able to identify the name of one daughter. The 1830 Census for Pike County, Missouri indicates 1 m -5; 1 m 5-9; 1 m 10-14; 1 m 30-39(13). The same census indicates 1 f -5; 1 f 5-9; 1 f 10-14; 1 f 30-39. The 1840 Census for Marion, Newton County, Missouri indicates 2 m -5; 3 m 5-9; 1 m 10-14; 1 m 15-19; 1 m 20-29; 1 m 40-49. It also indicates 3 f -5; 1 f 10-14; 1 f 15-19; 1 f 20-29(14).  Ann Mackey died before 1843. It is possible the children all went to live with other relatives, with only one of them staying with their father. It is also possible that some of them died. The only known child appears below:

Jane Lemasters was born October 28, 1817 in St. Charles County, Missouri, and she died June 19, 1894 in Carthage, Jasper County, Missouri. On July 23, 1835, she married John Wesley Gibson (1815-1869) in Jasper County, Missouri. Their children follow: (a) Wesley Gibson (1836-1863); (b) Benjamin F. Gibson (1838-1861); (c) Rebecca A. Gibson (1841-1874); (d) John Wesley Gibson (1843-1875); (e) Isaac N. Gibson (1847-1881); (f) Terry W. Gibson (1850-1871); (g) Eliza M. Gibson (1852-1856); (h) Mahala E. Gibson (1854-1916); (I) Mary A. Gibson (1856-1857); (j) Sarah Elizabeth Gibson (1858-1944). There is a Gibson Cemetery between Carthage and Webb City, Missouri where all of these people are buried.

According  to the Jasper County Biographical History:

Mrs. Jane Gibson.  It is half a century this fall, 1883, since Mrs. Gibson first landed within the borders of Jasper County, Mo., where she has lived almost uninterruptedly for fifty years.  She is, therefore, almost the first white settle who came to this county, and one of a very few who still survive.  Mrs. Gibson was born in St. Charles County, Mo., Oct. 28, 1817, where she was raised until quite a young woman.  Mrs. Gibson was married July 23, 1835, to John W. Gibson, who was born in Tennessee, Nov. 10, 1815.  Their children are Wesley, Benjamin F., John W., Isaac N., T. W., Rebecca A., Martha J., Eliza M., Mahala E., Mary A., and Sarah E.  Mr. John Gibson, her husband, died in December, 1869, and with several of the family is buried near the house he built in an early day, in 1835, in which his widow still resides.  Mrs. Gibson survives all her family but  three children, and is still smart and enjoys good health.  Mr. Joh Gibson entered nearly a section of land on the banks of Center Creek, and it is unexcelled for fertility and location.  The estate has been mostly divided up among the children and heirs.  Only a small homestead is reserved by the widow during her life.  Her father (David Lemasters) and father-in-law (Tryon or John T Gibson?) used to own slaves previous to the war, and they took them to Texas for protection.  Mrs. Gibson has experienced the hardships and privations of pioneer settlement.  She has planted corn in the sod and an ax, and the only bread the first season was made from corn pounded up into coarse meal.  Indians, wild game of all kinds, and distant neighbors were the rule, with Springfield and Boonville their trading points.  She has ridden to Sarcoxie horseback, about twenty-five miles, and paid fifty cents a yard for calico, and one dollar a yard for muslin for her wedding dress.  Incidents in her life might be given indefinitely, illustrating the joys as well as toils of her early history, were there space[sic].  Mrs. Gibson is conceded to be among the oldest living settlers of the county, and its history were incomplete without a sketch of her life.  She is a lady of great force of character, decided opinions, she dares to express, whose life is an open book, historic, yet ever new(15).

David Lemasters arrived in Jasper County in 1833, and he left there ten years later.  According to the County History, he was brought up on a charge of forgery in the early days of the court:

The first circuit court was held on the 25th of February, 1841, Judge Charles S. Yancey
presiding. J. P. Osborn acted as sheriff. It is related that that gentleman took a plug of tobacco

from his mouth, stepped to the door of the log shanty about twelve by sixteen feet in size, and
proclaimed to the world at large that the Jasper county circuit court was now in session. That
simple sentence, prefaced of course with the customary “Hear ye, Hear ye,” started the wheels of
the court, which have been running since except during the years of the war, when they became
slightly clogged.

The place of the holding of the first court was at the residence of George Hornback, only a short
distance below the Gaston farm, about two miles west of where the city of Carthage is now
situated. Mr. Hornback at that time kept a small store there, where could be purchased needful
articles, as salt, tobacco and powder. The grand jury, for want of better accommodations, after
receiving their charge from the judge, retired to a large log, and there held their deliberations.
Nothing of great importance was brought before their notice, and only one indictment was found-
-against David Lemasters for forgery, and this was set aside at the subsequent term of court (16).

Angeline Penelope Spence may have arrived  when her services were needed most. David had just been acquitted of the forgery charge in 1841. His wife had died before 1843. He was in desperate need of a nanny–of someone to help organize his household. That’s when Samuel, Daniel and Milly Catherine introduced Angeline to David Lemasters. She settled into his household as his nanny.

David and Angeline bonded quickly.  Prior to Angeline’s arrive, David began making plans to move away from Jasper County, where he had been for ten years. He planned to return to St. Charles, where family members were ready to accept his children into their households.  His daughter, Jane, would remain in Jasper County since she had married and was settled there. David decided there was one more person he wanted to take with him to St. Charles. On May 7, 1843, David Lemasters and Angeline Spence were married(17). [The return date on their certificate was May 11, 1843.] Shortly after that, they left Jasper County for David’s home in St. Charles, Missouri. As far as I can tell from existing records, they did not have any children.

On January 7, 1848, David died intestate in Green, St. Charles, Missouri(18). Angeline’s name appears on his probate file dated January 17, 1848(19). On July 26, 1850, James Green was appointed Administrator to sell his personal property(20). And Angeline had no desire to return to Jasper County.

On July 14, 1853, Angeline married a Lemasters’ family friend in St. Charles by the name of David G. Hutcherson (1797-1879)(21). David Hutcherson was born in Virginia in 1797, and he died in 1879 in Arkansas City, Arkansas. He had several wives and children by all of them except Angeline:

By Sarah Butler, whom he married in Mecklenburg County, Virginia on January 28, 1828:

  1. Peter F. Hutcherson, born 1830
  2. Mary J. Hutcherson, born 1832

By Mary P. Lett, whom he married in Mecklenburg County, Virginia on February 17, 1840:

  1. Caroline S. Hutcherson, born 1840
  2. Demetrius D. Hutcherson, born 1842
  3. Susan G. Hutcherson, born 1847

Angeline died before 1860 in St. Charles, Missouri. David Hutcherson moved to Texas after her death, where he is found on the 1860 Census for Denton(22), Texas. By 1870, he moved to Guadalupe, Texas, where he appears on the Census(23). Then he died in 1879 in Arkansas City, Arkansas.

To Be Continued in Part Two

 

References

(1) Notes from an old Notebook of Compiled Tennessee History. Original Source unknown. Possibly a Davidson County, Tennessee History

(2) Tennessee State Marriage Records about Elisha Spence and Jane Bell. Ancestry.com, Provo, Utah. Date Accessed: 23 Sep 2015. Available online at http://www.ancestry.com

(3) 1820 Census for Elisha Spence, Davidson County, Tennessee. Ancestry.com, Provo, Utah. Date Accessed: 23 Sep 2015. Available online at http://www.ancestry.com

(4) 1830 Census for Elisha Spence, Davidson County, Tennessee. Ancestry.com, Provo, Utah. Date Accessed: 23 Sep 2015. Available online at http://www.ancestry.com

(5) Elisha Spence Estate Inventory Filed by Anderson Skillern Nov 1835, Madison County, Tennessee. Copy of original obtained from Tennessee State Library and Archives, Nashville, Tennessee, 1998.

(6) Samuel P. Spence 1837 Land Deed for Sale of Land in Perry County, Tennessee. Copy obtained from Microfilm. LDS Genealogical Library and Archives. Salt Lake City, Utah.

(7) 1840 Census for Jane Spence, Marshall County, Tennessee. Ancestry.com, Provo, Utah. Ancestry.com, Provo, Utah. Date Accessed: 23 Sep 2015. Available online at http://www.ancestry.com

(8) MARION, RALLS, & PIKE COUNTIES MISSOURI,  Portrait and Biographical Record published 1895
Page 383

(9) “Notes for Benjamin Lemasters,” Swearingen, Lemasters, Francis, Winfrey Family History Book PDF file, Ancestry.com, Provo, Utah. Date Accessed: 23 Sep 2015. Available online at http://www.ancestry.com

(10) 1860 Census for Nancy Harrison, Carroll County, Missouri. Ancestry.com, Provo, Utah. Date Accessed: 23 Sep 2015. Available online at http://www.ancestry.com

(11) “The First Permanent Settlements,” Copied from: Greene County Archives Bulletin Number Forty-three;
Heritage County Atlas Reprints Volume 6. An Illustrated Historical Atlas Map of Jasper County, Mo.
Published by Brink, McDonough & Co., 1876. Ancestry.com, Provo, Utah. Date Accessed: 23 Sep 2015. Available online at http://www.ancestry.com

(12) U.S. Census Reconstructed Records, 1660-1820 for 1810, David Lemasters, The Missouri-Louisiana Territory. Ancestry.com, Provo, Utah. Date Accessed: 23 Sep 2015. Available online at http://www.ancestry.com

(13) 1830 Census for Pike County, Missouri, David Lemasters. Ancestry.com, Provo, Utah. Date Accessed: 23 Sep 2015. Available online at http://www.ancestry.com

(14) 1840 Census for Marion, Newton County, Missouri, David Lemasters. Ancestry.com, Provo, Utah. Date Accessed: 23 Sep 2015. Available online at http://www.ancestry.com

(15) Jane Lemasters Biography, Jasper County, Missouri Biographical History. Ancestry.com, Provo, Utah. Date Accessed: 23 Sep 2015. Available online at http://www.ancestry.com

(16)HISTORY OF JASPER COUNTY, MISSOURI 1876 Atlas Pages 2-3 Copied from: Greene County Archives, Bulletin Number Forty-three; Heritage County Atlas Reprints Volume 6, An Illustrated Historical Atlas Map of Jasper County, Mo. Published by Brink, McDonough & Co., 1876. http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~judysstuff/jasper/jashist01.htm

(17) Missouri State Marriage Records, Jasper County, Missouri, for David Lemasters and Angeline P. Spence. Ancestry.com, Provo, Utah. Date Accessed: 23 Sep 2015. Available online at http://www.ancestry.com

(18) David Lemasters Probate File, St. Charles, Missouri. Ancestry.com, Provo, Utah. Date Accessed: 23 Sep 2015. Available online at http://www.ancestry.com

(19) David Lemasters Probate File, St. Charles, Missouri. Ancestry.com, Provo, Utah. Date Accessed: 23 Sep 2015. Available online at http://www.ancestry.com

(20) David Lemasters Probate File, St. Charles, Missouri. Ancestry.com, Provo, Utah. Date Accessed: 23 Sep 2015. Available online at http://www.ancestry.com

(21) Missouri State Marriage Records, St. Charles, Missouri, for David G. Hutcherson and Angeline Lemasters. Ancestry.com, Provo, Utah. Date Accessed: 23 Sep 2015. Available online at http://www.ancestry.com

(22) 1860 Census for Denton, Texas, David G. Hutcherson. Ancestry.com, Provo, Utah. Date Accessed: 23 Sep 2015. Available online at http://www.ancestry.com

(23) 1870 Census for Guadalupe, Texas, David G. Hutcherson. Ancestry.com, Provo, Utah. Date Accessed: 23 Sep 2015. Available online at http://www.ancestry.com